ChildStats.gov—Forum on Child and Family Statistics
faces of children
Home  |  About the Forum  |  Publications  |  Help
Search

America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2018

Economic Circumstances Figures

Figure ECON1.A: Percentage of children ages 0–17 living in poverty by race, Hispanic origin, and family structure, 1980–2016
Percentage of children ages 0–17 living in poverty by race, Hispanic origin, and family structure, 1980–2016

NOTE: In 2016, the poverty threshold for a two-parent, two-child family was $24,339. The source of the calendar year 2013 data for this figure is the portion of the 2014 Current Population Survey (CPS) Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) sample that received income questions consistent with the 2013 CPS ASEC. Data for calendar year 2014 and onward used the redesigned income questions. Users should use caution when comparing 2013 data to 2014 data. The proportion of children in male-householder families (no spouse present) historically has been small. Select data for this group are available in detailed tables at https://www.census.gov/topics/income-poverty/poverty.html.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

Figure ECON1.B: Percentage of children ages 0–17 by family income relative to the poverty line, 1980–2016
Percentage of children ages 0–17 by family income relative to the poverty line, 1980–2016

NOTE: This graph shows income categories derived from the ratio of a family's income to the family's poverty threshold. In 2016, the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $24,339. For example, a family of four with two children would be living below 50 percent of the poverty threshold if their income was less than $12,170 (50 percent of $24,339). If the same family's income was at least $24,339 but less than $48,678, the family would be living at 100 percent to 199 percent of the poverty threshold. The source of the calendar year 2013 data for this figure is the portion of the 2014 Current Population Survey (CPS) Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) sample that received income questions consistent with the 2013 CPS ASEC. Data for calendar year 2014 and onward used the redesigned income questions. Users should use caution when comparing 2013 data to 2014 data.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

Figure ECON1.C: Percentage of children ages 0–17 living in poverty by race and Hispanic origin and type of poverty measure, 2016
Percentage of children ages 0–17 living in poverty by race and Hispanic origin and type of poverty measure, 2016

Figure ECON2: Percentage of children ages 0–17 living with at least one parent employed year round, full time by family structure, 1980–2016
Percentage of children ages 0–17 living with at least one parent employed year round, full time by family structure, 1980–2016

NOTE: Year-round, full-time employment is defined as usually working full time (35 hours or more per week) for 50 to 52 weeks.

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

Figure ECON3: Percentage of children ages 0–17 in food-insecure households by poverty status, selected years 1995–2016
Percentage of children ages 0–17 in food-insecure households by poverty status, selected years 1995–2016

NOTE: Food-insecure households are those in which either adults or children or both were "food insecure," meaning that, at times, they were unable to acquire adequate food for active, healthy living because the household had insufficient money and other resources for food. Statistics for 1996–1998 and 2000 are omitted because they are not directly comparable with those for other years.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey Food Security Supplement; tabulated by Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service and Food and Nutrition Service.