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PHY7.B Child injury and mortality: Death rates among children ages 1–14 by gender, race and Hispanic origin, and all causes and all injury causes, 1980–2016

excel icon PHY7B Excel Table
excel icon PHY7B Standard Error Excel Table

(Deaths per 100,000 children ages 1–4 and ages 5–14)
Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001a 2002a 2003a 2004a 2005a 2006a 2007a 2008a 2009a 2010a 2011a 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Ages 1–4
Leading causes of deathc
Unintentional injuries 25.9 23.7 22.7 21.9 19.9 20.2 20.6 20.4 19.8 18.9 17.3 17.9 16.2 16.7 15.9 14.4 13.7 13.0 12.6 12.4 11.9 11.2 10.6 11.0 10.4 10.5 10.1 9.9 9.1 9.0 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 7.6 7.8 7.9
Cancer 4.5 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.4
Birth defects 8.0 7.7 7.6 6.6 6.7 5.9 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.2 4.5 4.4 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.7
Homicide 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.1
Heart disease 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.4 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.7
Pneumonia/influenza 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Injury-related causes of deathc
All injuries (intentional and unintentional) 28.9 26.7 25.8 24.5 22.5 23.0 23.4 23.0 22.6 21.8 19.9 20.9 19.1 19.7 19.0 17.3 16.5 15.4 15.3 15.1 14.5 14.2 13.7 13.6 13.1 13.2 12.8 12.7 12.2 11.8 11.5 11.4 11.0 10.8 10.3 10.6 10.4
Motor vehicle traffic 7.4 6.4 6.4 6.1 5.6 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.8 2.1 2.1
Drowning 5.7 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.1 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.3 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.1 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8
Fire and burns 6.1 6.0 5.2 5.0 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.0 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.2 3.1 2.9 2.5 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8
Firearms 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6
Suffocation 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.9
Pedestrian (non-traffic)d 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5
Fall 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Male
All causesb 72.6 67.7 64.0 63.5 57.3 58.5 58.4 58.0 57.1 54.8 52.4 53.2 49.0 50.2 47.4 44.5 41.8 39.4 37.1 37.9 35.9 37.1 35.5 35.4 32.9 34.0 31.3 32.3 32.7 30.1 29.6 29.1 29.2 28.6 26.7 28.0 27.7
Leading causes of deathc
Unintentional injuries 14.0 13.4 12.9 13.1 12.0 12.6 11.4 12.1 10.9 11.1 10.5 10.2 9.8 10.2 9.1 9.4 9.5
Cancer 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.5
Birth defects 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.9 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.3 2.8 2.8 3.2 3.4 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.5
Homicide 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.3 2.8 2.9 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.8 2.2
Heart disease 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.8
Pneumonia/influenza 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Female
All causesb 54.7 53.1 52.1 48.4 46.8 44.8 46.2 45.8 45.5 44.5 41.0 43.7 39.8 40.5 38.3 36.0 34.0 31.5 31.0 30.3 28.7 29.6 27.1 28.0 27.7 25.6 26.9 26.5 25.8 24.6 23.3 23.3 23.2 22.4 21.3 21.6 22.9
Leading causes of deathc
Unintentional injuries 9.7 9.0 8.2 8.8 8.8 8.2 8.8 7.7 7.2 6.8 6.6 6.8 7.0 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.2
Cancer 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.2 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.2
Birth defects 3.1 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 3.5 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.3 2.7 2.9
Homicide 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.4 1.9 2.2 1.8 2.0 2.2 1.8 2.1
Heart disease 1.0 1.4 1.0 1.3 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7
Pneumonia/influenza 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 46.8 45.3 46.1 44.5 42.5 41.0 37.6 39.3 36.4 36.5 35.3 34.2 32.4 31.5 29.8 30.1 28.5 30.4 27.5 28.0 27.2 26.7 25.6 26.3 27.0 25.0 24.7 24.1 24.9 23.7 22.6 22.9 23.9
Black, non-Hispanic 81.6 83.1 87.3 86.3 84.9 75.2 73.5 80.8 72.6 77.9 75.6 67.8 63.8 56.2 57.9 54.6 51.7 49.6 49.6 49.8 48.0 45.3 47.4 47.0 44.9 42.5 40.2 40.8 40.1 39.5 39.6 41.6 41.5
Asian or Pacific Islander 43.2 38.1 39.9 39.6 41.1 40.1 33.0 32.9 31.7 40.2 38.6 32.6 29.2 33.0 27.4 26.5 26.6 26.9 20.1 24.9 21.6 22.0 22.7 21.2 20.0 18.0 18.6 20.6 18.0 16.1 17.9 13.6 15.5 18.8 13.4 15.0 16.5
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 22.3 22.6 22.8 22.1 20.3 18.4 19.4 20.6 18.8 16.7 18.5 14.4 15.9 19.1 14.0 15.3 17.0
Hispanic 47.5 46.1 42.3 42.9 42.3 49.3 43.5 46.9 41.7 41.8 38.7 36.3 32.9 30.7 29.4 30.9 29.6 30.2 29.3 29.8 27.1 28.7 26.5 26.3 25.9 24.7 22.7 23.5 21.8 20.8 18.7 19.8 19.4
Ages 5–14
All causesb 30.6 29.3 28.2 27.0 26.9 26.5 26.2 25.9 26.1 25.7 24.0 24.0 22.7 23.6 22.7 22.2 21.2 20.2 19.3 18.6 18.0 17.2 17.4 16.9 16.7 16.3 15.2 15.2 13.9 13.8 12.9 13.2 12.6 13.0 12.7 13.2 13.4
Leading causes of deathc
Unintentional injuries 15.0 14.2 13.2 12.7 12.4 12.6 12.6 12.4 12.3 11.8 10.4 10.4 9.4 9.5 9.4 9.2 8.7 8.5 8.1 7.6 7.3 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 5.9 5.6 5.4 4.6 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.7 4.0
Cancer 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1
Suicide 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Birth defects 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
Homicide 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Heart disease 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Pneumonia/influenza 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Injury-related causes of deathc
All injuries (intentional and unintentional) 16.7 16.1 15.1 14.6 14.5 14.7 14.6 14.5 14.5 14.0 12.7 12.6 11.9 12.2 11.9 11.5 10.8 10.4 10.1 9.4 9.1 8.5 8.3 7.9 8.2 7.6 7.2 6.8 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.9
Motor vehicle traffic 7.5 7.1 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0
Drowning 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Fire and burns 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4
Firearms 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.0 1.9 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Suffocation 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9
Pedestrian (non-traffic)d 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Fall 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Male
All causesb 36.7 35.6 34.0 32.6 32.3 31.8 32.0 32.2 31.2 30.5 28.5 29.2 27.5 27.7 27.1 26.4 24.9 23.3 22.7 21.5 20.9 19.8 19.9 19.8 19.1 18.5 17.5 17.3 15.8 15.6 14.6 15.2 14.4 14.6 14.9 15.0 15.0
Leading causes of deathc
Unintentional injuries 8.8 8.6 8.1 7.9 7.9 7.2 6.7 6.5 5.7 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.7
Cancer 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3
Birth defects 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Homicide 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Heart disease 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Pneumonia/influenza 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Female
All causesb 24.2 22.8 22.2 21.1 21.2 21.0 20.0 19.2 20.6 20.6 19.3 18.6 17.7 19.3 18.0 17.9 17.4 17.0 15.8 15.6 15.0 14.6 14.7 14.0 14.2 13.9 12.7 12.9 11.9 12.0 11.1 11.1 10.8 11.2 10.5 11.2 11.8
Leading causes of deathc
Unintentional injuries 5.6 5.1 5.0 4.8 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.3 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.9 3.2
Cancer 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.9
Birth defects 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8
Homicide 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Heart disease 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Pneumonia/influenza 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
All causesb 63.9 60.6 58.2 56.1 52.2 51.8 52.4 52.1 51.5 49.8 46.8 48.5 44.5 45.4 42.9 40.4 38.0 35.5 34.1 34.2 32.4 33.4 31.4 31.8 30.3 29.9 29.1 29.4 29.3 27.4 26.5 26.3 26.3 25.5 24.0 24.9 25.3
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 24.0 23.1 22.9 23.0 21.9 23.6 21.5 21.6 19.9 20.4 20.0 20.1 19.2 18.8 17.9 17.3 17.1 16.3 16.0 15.6 15.6 15.3 14.1 14.3 13.2 12.4 12.6 12.8 11.8 12.6 12.1 12.9 12.8
Black, non-Hispanic 36.7 36.5 36.5 36.0 38.5 34.1 33.0 34.4 33.9 34.6 34.2 32.7 30.8 30.1 28.5 27.5 25.0 23.9 25.1 23.6 24.1 23.6 21.6 21.3 20.3 20.5 18.1 18.7 18.7 18.3 18.7 19.2 20.0
Asian or Pacific Islander 24.2 19.7 18.7 20.8 17.5 20.8 19.2 19.9 20.3 19.6 16.9 16.1 17.2 18.4 17.5 17.5 14.7 16.0 15.6 12.7 12.3 12.0 12.2 12.8 11.9 12.4 10.3 10.2 9.7 10.5 8.2 8.5 8.1 10.0 8.2 8.8 9.2
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 12.3 12.5 12.7 13.0 12.2 13.0 10.7 10.4 10.2 10.5 8.5 8.9 8.6 10.1 8.5 9.0 9.2
Hispanic 22.3 19.3 18.1 17.8 20.4 21.9 20.0 21.7 20.8 22.2 19.6 19.9 19.1 16.0 16.0 15.6 15.7 14.6 15.4 15.6 14.3 13.5 13.9 13.7 11.6 12.9 10.2 11.0 11.1 10.8 11.1 10.5 11.3
— Not available.
‡ Reporting standards not met; estimates are considered unreliable.
a Rates for 2001–2011 are revised and may differ from rates previously published.
b Total includes American Indians or Alaska Natives.
c Cause-of-death information for 1980–1998 is classified according to the Ninth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases. Cause-of-death information for 1999–2015 is classified according to the Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases.
d Includes deaths occurring on private property. Pedestrian deaths on public roads are included in the motor vehicle traffic-related category.
e The 1977 U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Standards for Data on Race and Ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following three racial groups: White, Black, or Asian or Pacific Islander. Death rates for American Indians or Alaskan Natives are not shown separately because the numbers of deaths were too small for the calculation of reliable rates, and American Indians are underreported on the death certificate. CA, HI, ID, ME, MT, NY, and WI reported multiple-race data in 2003. In 2004, the following states began to report multiple-race data: MI, MN, NH, NJ, OK, SD, WA, and WY. In 2005, the following states began to report multiple-race data: CT, DC (mid-year), fl, KS, NE, SC, and UT. In 2006, NM, OR, RI, and TX began to report multiple-race data. In 2007, DE and OH began to report multiple-race data. In 2008, AR, GA, IL, IN, NV, ND, and VT began to report multiple-race data. In 2010, AZ, KY, and MO began to report multiple-race data. In 2011, IA began to report multiple-race data. In 2012, LA (mid-year), MS, PA, and TN began to report multiple-race data. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other states, rather than following the revised 1997 OMB standards for a select group of states. In addition, note that data on race and Hispanic origin are collected and reported separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Trends for the Hispanic population are affected by an expansion in the number of registration areas that included an item on Hispanic origin on the death certificate. Tabulations are restricted to a subset of the states that include the item on the death certificate and that meet a minimal quality standard. The quality of reporting has improved substantially over time, so that the minimal quality standard was relaxed in 1992 for those areas reporting Hispanic origin on at least 80 percent of records. The number of states in the reporting area increased from 44 states and DC in 1989 to 45 states, New York State (excluding New York City), and DC in 1990; 47 states, New York State (excluding New York City), and DC in 1991; 48 states and DC in 1992; and 49 states and DC in 1993–1996. Complete reporting began in 1997. The population data in 1990 and 1991 do not exclude New York City. Data for Hispanic origin and specified race populations other than White, non-Hispanic and Black, non-Hispanic should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race and Hispanic origin on death certificates and on censuses and surveys.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System.