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PHY7.B Child injury and mortality: Death rates among children ages 1–14 by gender, race and Hispanic origin, and all causes and all injury causes, 1980–2019

excel icon PHY7B Excel Table
excel icon PHY7B Standard Error Excel Table

(Deaths per 100,000 children ages 1–4 and ages 5–14)
Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 201(
Ages 1–4
All causesa 63.9 60.6 58.2 56.1 52.2 51.8 52.4 52.1 51.5 49.8 46.8 48.5 44.5 45.4 42.9 40.4 38.0 35.5 34.1 34.2 32.4 33.4 31.4 31.8 30.3 29.9 29.1 29.4 29.3 27.4 26.5 26.3 26.3 25.5 24.0 24.9 25.3 24.3 24.0 23.3
Leading causes of deathb
Unintentional injuries 25.9 23.7 22.7 21.9 19.9 20.2 20.6 20.4 19.8 18.9 17.3 17.9 16.2 16.7 15.9 14.4 13.7 13.0 12.6 12.4 11.9 11.2 10.6 11.0 10.4 10.5 10.1 9.9 9.1 9.0 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.3 7.6 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.7 7.3
Cancer 4.5 4.9 4.6 4.7 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.3 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.4 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.0 2.0 1.8
Birth defects 8.0 7.7 7.6 6.6 6.7 5.9 6.2 6.4 6.3 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.2 4.5 4.4 4.1 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.2 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.6
Homicide 2.5 2.6 2.8 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.1 2.1 2.3 2.3 2.1 1.9 2.2 1.8
Heart disease 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.6 2.2 2.4 1.9 1.9 2.2 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8
Influenza and pneumonia 2.1 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8
Injury-related causes of deathb
All injuries (intentional and unintentional) 28.9 26.7 25.8 24.5 22.5 23.0 23.4 23.0 22.6 21.8 19.9 20.9 19.1 19.7 19.0 17.3 16.5 15.4 15.3 15.1 14.5 14.2 13.7 13.6 13.1 13.2 12.8 12.7 12.2 11.8 11.5 11.4 11.0 10.8 10.3 10.6 10.4 10.3 10.2 9.5
Motor vehicle traffic 7.4 6.4 6.4 6.1 5.6 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.4 4.4 4.2 4.1 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.0 2.7 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.8 2.1 2.1 2.3 1.8 1.8
Drowning 5.7 5.2 5.0 4.9 4.1 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.3 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.7 3.1 3.5 3.1 3.1 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.0 2.9 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.9 2.5
Fire and burns 6.1 6.0 5.2 5.0 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.0 4.5 4.0 4.4 4.1 4.1 4.2 3.1 2.9 2.5 1.9 2.1 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.6
Firearms 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
Suffocation 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.0
Pedestrian (nontraffic)c 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.5
Fall 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Male
All causesa 72.6 67.7 64.0 63.5 57.3 58.5 58.4 58.0 57.1 54.8 52.4 53.2 49.0 50.2 47.4 44.5 41.8 39.4 37.1 37.9 35.9 37.1 35.5 35.4 32.9 34.0 31.3 32.3 32.7 30.1 29.6 29.1 29.2 28.6 26.7 28.0 27.7 27.3 27.5 25.3
Leading causes of deathb
Unintentional injuries 14.0 13.4 12.9 13.1 12.0 12.6 11.4 12.1 10.9 11.1 10.5 10.2 9.8 10.2 9.1 9.4 9.5 9.4 9.3 8.3
Cancer 3.0 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.7 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.2 1.9
Birth defects 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.4 3.9 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.3 2.8 2.8 3.2 3.4 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.5 2.8 2.6 2.6
Homicide 2.5 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.3 2.8 2.9 2.4 2.3 2.4 2.8 2.2 2.1 2.6 2.0
Heart disease 1.4 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9
Influenza and pneumonia 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8 0.8
Female
All causesa 54.7 53.1 52.1 48.4 46.8 44.8 46.2 45.8 45.5 44.5 41.0 43.7 39.8 40.5 38.3 36.0 34.0 31.5 31.0 30.3 28.7 29.6 27.1 28.0 27.7 25.6 26.9 26.5 25.8 24.6 23.3 23.3 23.2 22.4 21.3 21.6 22.9 21.1 20.4 21.2
Leading causes of deathb
Unintentional injuries 9.7 9.0 8.2 8.8 8.8 8.2 8.8 7.7 7.2 6.8 6.6 6.8 7.0 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.0 6.2
Cancer 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.9 2.1 2.2 1.9 1.8 2.0 2.2 1.8 1.8 1.7
Birth defects 3.1 3.7 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.3 3.1 2.9 3.5 2.9 2.9 3.1 2.3 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.2 2.7
Homicide 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.4 2.4 2.4 1.9 2.2 1.8 2.0 2.2 1.8 2.1 1.7 1.8 1.6
Heart disease 1.0 1.4 1.0 1.3 1.2 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8
Influenza and pneumonia 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.8
Race and Hispanic origind
White, non-Hispanic 46.8 45.3 46.1 44.5 42.5 41.0 37.6 39.3 36.4 36.5 35.3 34.2 32.4 31.5 29.8 30.1 28.5 30.4 27.5 28.0 27.2 26.7 25.6 26.3 27.0 25.0 24.7 24.1 24.9 23.7 22.6 22.9 23.9 22.4 22.5 20.9
Black, non-Hispanic 81.6 83.1 87.3 86.3 84.9 75.2 73.5 80.8 72.6 77.9 75.6 67.8 63.8 56.2 57.9 54.6 51.7 49.6 49.6 49.8 48.0 45.3 47.4 47.0 44.9 42.5 40.2 40.8 40.1 39.5 39.6 41.6 41.5 40.1 42.7 41.6
Asian or Pacific Islandere 43.2 38.1 39.9 39.6 41.1 40.1 33.0 32.9 31.7 40.2 38.6 32.6 29.2 33.0 27.4 26.5 26.6 26.9 20.1 24.9 21.6 22.0 22.7 21.2 20.0 18.0 18.6 20.6 18.0 16.1 17.9 13.6 15.5 18.8 13.4 15.0 16.5 15.4
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanice 22.3 22.6 22.8 22.1 20.3 18.4 19.4 20.6 18.8 16.7 18.5 14.4 15.9 19.1 14.0 15.3 17.0 15.6
Asian, non-Hispanice 16.9 15.7
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanice
Hispanicf 47.5 46.1 42.3 42.9 42.3 49.3 43.5 46.9 41.7 41.8 38.7 36.3 32.9 30.7 29.4 30.9 29.6 30.2 29.3 29.8 27.1 28.7 26.5 26.3 25.9 24.7 22.7 23.5 21.8 20.8 18.7 19.8 19.4 19.4 19.1 18.8
Ages 5–14
All causesa 30.6 29.3 28.2 27.0 26.9 26.5 26.2 25.9 26.1 25.7 24.0 24.0 22.7 23.6 22.7 22.2 21.2 20.2 19.3 18.6 18.0 17.2 17.4 16.9 16.7 16.3 15.2 15.2 13.9 13.8 12.9 13.2 12.6 13.0 12.7 13.2 13.4 13.6 13.3 13.4
Leading causes of deathb
Unintentional injuries 15.0 14.2 13.2 12.7 12.4 12.6 12.6 12.4 12.3 11.8 10.4 10.4 9.4 9.5 9.4 9.2 8.7 8.5 8.1 7.6 7.3 6.9 6.6 6.4 6.5 5.9 5.6 5.4 4.6 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.6
Cancer 4.3 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 2.1 1.9
Suicideg 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.5 1.3
Birth defects 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Homicide 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8
Heart disease 0.9 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Influenza and pneumonia 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Injury-related causes of deathb
All injuries (intentional and unintentional) 16.7 16.1 15.1 14.6 14.5 14.7 14.6 14.5 14.5 14.0 12.7 12.6 11.9 12.2 11.9 11.5 10.8 10.4 10.1 9.4 9.1 8.5 8.3 7.9 8.2 7.6 7.2 6.8 6.1 5.7 5.5 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.9 6.1 5.9 6.0
Motor vehicle traffic 7.5 7.1 6.5 6.3 6.4 6.6 6.6 6.8 6.8 6.3 5.6 5.5 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.1 4.8 4.7 4.4 4.1 4.0 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.3 3.0 2.8 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.9
Drowning 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.1 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6
Fire and burns 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Firearms 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.0 1.9 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.0
Suffocation 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Pedestrian (nontraffic)c 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Fall 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Male
All causesa 36.7 35.6 34.0 32.6 32.3 31.8 32.0 32.2 31.2 30.5 28.5 29.2 27.5 27.7 27.1 26.4 24.9 23.3 22.7 21.5 20.9 19.8 19.9 19.8 19.1 18.5 17.5 17.3 15.8 15.6 14.6 15.2 14.4 14.6 14.9 15.0 15.0 15.6 14.7 15.2
Leading causes of deathb
Unintentional injuries 8.8 8.6 8.1 7.9 7.9 7.2 6.7 6.5 5.7 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.7 4.1 4.4
Cancer 2.7 2.5 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Suicide 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.7 1.9 1.6
Birth defects 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0
Homicide 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.1
Heart disease 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Influenza and pneumonia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Female
All causesa 24.2 22.8 22.2 21.1 21.2 21.0 20.0 19.2 20.6 20.6 19.3 18.6 17.7 19.3 18.0 17.9 17.4 17.0 15.8 15.6 15.0 14.6 14.7 14.0 14.2 13.9 12.7 12.9 11.9 12.0 11.1 11.1 10.8 11.2 10.5 11.2 11.8 11.4 11.8 11.5
Leading causes of deathb
Unintentional injuries 5.6 5.1 5.0 4.8 5.0 4.7 4.4 4.3 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.0 2.8 2.8 2.5 2.9 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.8
Cancer 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.2 1.9 2.0 2.1 1.8 2.0 1.9 2.0 2.0 1.8
Suicideg 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0
Birth defects 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8
Homicide 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5
Heart disease 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Influenza and pneumonia 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Race and Hispanic origind
White, non-Hispanic 24.0 23.1 22.9 23.0 21.9 23.6 21.5 21.6 19.9 20.4 20.0 20.1 19.2 18.8 17.9 17.3 17.1 16.3 16.0 15.6 15.6 15.3 14.1 14.3 13.2 12.4 12.6 12.8 11.8 12.6 12.1 12.9 12.8 12.9 12.5 12.8
Black, non-Hispanic 36.7 36.5 36.5 36.0 38.5 34.1 33.0 34.4 33.9 34.6 34.2 32.7 30.8 30.1 28.5 27.5 25.0 23.9 25.1 23.6 24.1 23.6 21.6 21.3 20.3 20.5 18.1 18.7 18.7 18.3 18.7 19.2 20.0 20.9 22.6 22.3
Asian or Pacific Islandere 24.2 19.7 18.7 20.8 17.5 20.8 19.2 19.9 20.3 19.6 16.9 16.1 17.2 18.4 17.5 17.5 14.7 16.0 15.6 12.7 12.3 12.0 12.2 12.8 11.9 12.4 10.3 10.2 9.7 10.5 8.2 8.5 8.1 10.0 8.2 8.8 9.2 8.6
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanice 12.3 12.5 12.7 13.0 12.2 13.0 10.7 10.4 10.2 10.5 8.5 8.9 8.6 10.1 8.5 9.0 9.2 8.7
Asian, non-Hispanice 9.9 8.6
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, non-Hispanice
Hispanicf 22.3 19.3 18.1 17.8 20.4 21.9 20.0 21.7 20.8 22.2 19.6 19.9 19.1 16.0 16.0 15.6 15.7 14.6 15.4 15.6 14.3 13.5 13.9 13.7 11.6 12.9 10.2 11.0 11.1 10.8 11.1 10.5 11.3 11.2 10.6 11.2
— Not available.
‡ Reporting standards not met; estimates are considered unreliable.
a Total includes children who classify as American Indian or Alaska Native. Death rates for American Indian or Alaska Native children are not shown separately because the numbers of deaths are too small for the calculation of reliable rates, and those who classify as American Indian are underreported on the death certificate.
b Cause-of-death information for 1980–1998 is classified according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), 9th Revision. Cause-of-death information for 1999–2019 is classified according to the ICD, 10th Revision.
c Includes deaths occurring on private property. Pedestrian deaths on public roads are included in the motor vehicle traffic-related category.
d The 1977 U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four race groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised OMB standards issued in 1997 permitted the option of selecting more than one race. Multiple-race data were reported on the death certificate by 7 states in 2003, 15 states in 2004, 19 states in 2005, 23 states in 2006, 27 states in 2007, 30 states in 2008, 33 states and the District of Columbia (DC) in 2009, 38 states and DC in 2010, 40 states and DC in 2011, 41 states and DC in 2012, 44 states and DC in 2013, 49 states and DC in 2014–2016, and all 50 states and DC in 2017. (A full year of data using the 1997 OMB standards was not available until 2018.) The multiple-race data for these states were bridged during the transition to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other states. Beginning with 2018 data, the 1997 OMB standards were used to classify persons into one of the following five race groups: White, Black or African American, Asian, American Indian or Alaska Native, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. All categories are single race. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected and reported separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Due to the adoption of the 1997 OMB standards, data for 2018 and subsequent years are not strictly comparable with earlier data.
e Data for 2003–2017 were bridged to the 1977 OMB race categories. In 2018, the 1997 OMB race categories were adopted. As a result, data for 2018 and subsequent years are shown separately for Asian and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander race groups. Data for the combined Asian or Pacific Islander race group are not provided after 2017.
f Trends for the Hispanic population are affected by an expansion in the number of registration areas that included an item on Hispanic origin on the death certificate. Tabulations are restricted to a subset of the states that included the item on the death certificate and that meet a minimal quality standard. The quality of reporting has improved substantially over time, so that the minimal quality standard was relaxed in 1992 for those areas reporting Hispanic origin on at least 80% of records. The number of states in the reporting area increased from 44 states and DC in 1989 to 45 states, New York state (excluding New York City), and DC in 1990; 47 states, New York state (excluding New York City), and DC in 1991; 48 states and DC in 1992; and 49 states and DC in 1993–1996. Complete reporting began in 1997. The population data in 1990 and 1991 do not exclude New York City. Data for Hispanic origin and specified race populations other than White, non-Hispanic and Black, non-Hispanic should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies between reporting race and Hispanic origin on death certificates, censuses, and surveys.
g Most suicides in the 5–14 age group are among those ages 10–14.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System.