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PHY7.A Child injury and mortality: Emergency department visit rates for children ages 1–14 by leading causes of injury visits, 2000–2001 through 2014–2015

excel icon PHY7A Excel Table
excel icon PHY7A Standard Error Excel Table

(Emergency department visits per 1,000 children ages 1–4 and ages 5–14)
Characteristic 2000–2001 2002–2003 2004–2005 2006–2007 2008–2009 2010–2011 2012–2013 2014–2015
Ages 1–4
All injury visitsa 155.8 143.53 161.8 139.5 153.7 164.0 142.7 143.4
All initial injury visitsb 134.38 152.8 127.0 140.9 151.2 129.4 134.6
Leading causes of injury visitsc
Cut or pierced from instrument or object 9.1 5.6 6.7 6.0 4.9 7.7 5.8 8.3
Fall 46.9 40.8 58.5 47.1 57.3 64.2 47.7 50.5
Motor vehicle traffic 7.4 6.6 6.8 7.2 5.1 7.5 4.2 5.5
Natural or environmental factorsd 11.0 9.6 11.4 8.0 11.3 10.3 8.7 11.1
Overexertion 3.4 1.5 3.1 2.8 3.9
Poisoning 6.9 5.4 9.7 5.5 6.3 7.1 4.0 6.8
Struck by/against an object or person 30.5 24.7 17.5 15.9 17.7 17.4 17.3 18.8
Ages 5–14
All injury visitsa 123.0 116.6 120.8 103.7 115.4 114.3 104.3 118.2
All initial injury visitsb 109.5 114.7 93.0 104.1 105.7 92.4 113.1
Leading causes of injury visitsc
Cut or pierced from instrument or object 7.9 7.3 7.1 5.7 6.3 4.7 6.1 7.0
Fall 30.3 24.8 29.9 25.6 29.8 31.5 24.0 35.6
Motor vehicle traffic 10.4 6.8 9.0 6.9 6.2 6.3 5.3 5.9
Natural or environmental factorsd 6.7 6.4 7.6 5.2 6.4 6.2 6.9 10.2
Overexertion 2.5 3.8 4.1 4.4 5.2 5.2 4.7 4.7
Poisoning 1.7 1.4 1.9 1.7 1.1 1.7 2.5
Struck by/against an object or person 29.8 28.4 22.1 18.2 20.0 20.9 18.1 20.3
—Not available.
‡ Reporting standards not met; estimate is considered unreliable.
a Any emergency department visit where there is a valid first-listed injury diagnosis code or a valid first-listed external cause of injury code.
b In 2014–2015, 94 percent of injury-related emergency department visits among children ages 1–4 and 96 percent of injury-related emergency department visits among children ages 5–14 were an initial visit.
c Data for 2000–2001 are for all injury visits. Data from 2002–2003 to 2014–2015 are for initial visits only. Initial visit status was imputed for 2005 and 2006.
d Insect or animal bites accounted for the majority of emergency department visits caused by natural or environmental factors.
NOTE: Some estimates have been revised and differ from previous publications. Rates are average annual.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.