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PHY2.B Secondhand smoke: Percentage of children ages 4–17 with any detectable blood cotinine level by age, race and Hispanic origin and poverty status, selected years 2011–2012

excel icon PHY2B Excel Table
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Characteristic Ages 4–11 Ages 12–17 Ages 4–17
Totala 40.5 33.8 37.3
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 37.4 36.4 36.9
Black, non-Hispanic 68.7 50.9 60.6
Mexican American 29.6 20.0 25.3
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 64.6 46.0 57.7
100% poverty and above 30.6 29.4 30.0
a Totals include data for racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
b For 2011–2012, the revised 1997 U.S. Office of Management and Budget Standards for Data on Race and Ethnicity were used. Persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Included in the total but not shown separately are American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and "Two or more races." Beginning in 2007, the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey allows for the reporting of both total Hispanics and Mexican Americans; however, estimates reported here are for Mexican Americans to be consistent with earlier years. Persons of Mexican American origin may be of any race.
NOTE: Cotinine levels are reported for nonsmoking children only (non-smoker defined as those with cotinine less than or equal to 10 ng/mL). "Any detectable cotinine" indicates blood cotinine levels at or above 0.05 nanograms per milliliter (ng/mL), the detectable level of cotinine in the blood in 1988–1994.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.