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HC1 Health insurance coverage: Percentage of children ages 0–17 by health insurance coverage status at time of interview and selected characteristics, 1993–2016

excel icon HC1 Excel Table
excel icon HC1 Standard Error Excel Table

Characteristic 1993a 1994a 1995a 1996a 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Uninsuredb
Total 13.6 14.6 13.0 12.7 14.0 12.7 11.9 12.4 11.0 10.7 9.8 9.2 9.3 9.5 9.0 9.0 8.2 7.8 7.0 6.6 6.6 5.4 4.5 5.2
Gender
Male 13.8 14.5 12.8 12.8 13.8 12.7 11.9 12.3 11.0 11.0 9.5 9.2 9.1 9.7 9.0 9.0 8.2 8.0 7.0 6.4 6.7 5.6 4.4 5.0
Female 13.4 14.7 13.3 12.7 14.1 12.7 11.8 12.5 11.0 10.5 10.1 9.2 9.4 9.2 9.1 9.1 8.2 7.6 6.9 6.7 6.5 5.3 4.6 5.4
Age
Ages 0–5 12.4 13.2 11.5 11.5 12.5 11.5 11.0 11.7 9.7 9.1 8.2 8.2 7.7 7.5 7.3 7.6 6.6 6.3 5.0 4.6 5.0 4.1 3.3 4.1
Ages 6–11 13.8 14.8 12.8 12.9 14.2 12.8 12.1 12.3 11.3 11.0 9.7 9.3 9.2 9.8 8.8 9.0 7.9 7.4 7.0 6.4 6.0 5.2 4.2 4.9
Ages 12–17 14.8 16.0 14.9 13.9 15.2 13.9 12.5 13.3 12.0 12.0 11.4 10.0 10.8 11.1 10.9 10.6 10.1 9.8 9.0 8.7 8.9 6.9 6.1 6.6
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 11.0 12.0 10.4 10.0 10.7 8.9 8.1 8.7 7.2 7.5 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.2 7.1 6.7 6.0 5.8 4.8 5.2 4.7 4.1 3.4 4.0
Black, non-Hispanic 14.7 13.5 12.6 13.0 13.8 14.0 11.9 12.2 10.6 10.0 8.9 6.9 8.9 7.8 6.2 7.5 6.6 6.4 5.5 4.4 5.1 3.5 3.2 3.8
Hispanic 25.3 25.3 24.2 23.4 26.7 26.2 26.7 25.8 24.6 21.9 20.2 19.5 17.5 19.4 15.3 16.8 14.7 13.0 12.3 10.9 11.8 9.7 8.0 8.8
Regiond
Northeast 9.9 10.6 10.2 10.2 8.9 7.3 7.2 7.0 5.8 7.4 5.1 5.4 5.5 4.3 5.2 6.0 4.4 4.4 3.0 3.5 3.7 3.6 2.6 4.2
South 18.7 18.9 17.1 16.4 18.0 16.3 15.8 16.1 14.1 13.1 12.1 11.5 12.5 12.7 11.4 10.7 10.7 9.7 8.1 8.0 8.0 7.1 5.8 6.4
Midwest 8.4 9.0 9.1 8.8 10.0 8.4 7.9 8.1 7.2 7.1 6.5 6.8 6.6 6.3 6.5 8.2 6.7 4.9 5.2 5.5 5.1 3.4 3.4 3.8
West 14.8 17.6 13.7 13.8 16.4 16.6 14.0 15.9 14.4 13.6 13.1 10.9 10.0 11.6 10.4 9.5 8.6 9.9 9.7 7.5 7.9 5.8 4.9 5.3
Private health insurancee
Total 66.3 63.5 65.5 66.5 66.1 68.4 68.8 67.0 66.7 63.9 63.0 63.2 62.1 59.4 59.8 58.4 55.8 54.1 53.7 53.4 53.2 53.7 54.6 54.3
Gender
Male 66.3 63.7 66.2 66.7 66.3 68.2 69.0 67.7 67.0 63.6 63.4 63.7 62.3 59.3 59.8 58.1 56.2 54.0 53.6 54.1 53.3 53.8 54.1 54.5
Female 66.3 63.3 64.8 66.4 65.9 68.5 68.7 66.2 66.4 64.1 62.5 62.7 61.9 59.4 59.8 58.8 55.4 54.2 53.8 52.7 53.0 53.6 55.1 54.2
Age
Ages 0–5 60.3 57.8 59.7 61.0 61.3 64.7 64.7 63.1 63.4 60.7 58.2 58.1 56.6 54.7 54.1 53.2 50.1 48.3 47.8 48.4 47.3 50.2 51.0 51.0
Ages 6–11 68.0 64.9 66.8 67.7 66.2 68.8 69.0 67.5 66.8 64.1 63.2 63.4 62.1 59.5 61.0 58.7 57.0 54.7 54.2 53.6 53.6 53.1 53.6 53.6
Ages 12–17 71.2 68.4 70.6 71.1 71.0 71.7 72.8 70.3 69.7 66.8 67.4 67.7 67.2 63.8 64.2 63.5 60.7 59.7 59.4 58.0 58.3 57.6 58.9 58.2
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 76.9 74.5 76.5 77.4 76.9 79.1 79.7 77.7 78.2 75.6 75.7 76.3 75.0 72.4 73.8 72.8 70.5 69.1 68.6 68.5 68.8 68.2 68.9 68.3
Black, non-Hispanic 42.2 39.9 43.3 46.0 46.1 47.1 49.1 47.6 48.3 45.0 46.2 45.5 42.3 41.4 41.3 38.4 36.3 34.5 35.1 33.3 33.6 34.3 35.6 34.9
Hispanic 43.3 41.7 40.1 40.9 42.0 45.3 44.7 44.6 41.1 38.9 36.3 36.1 36.8 34.2 35.3 33.4 30.5 29.2 29.1 29.5 28.2 31.4 32.2 33.2
Regiond
Northeast 72.2 69.9 70.3 70.8 71.0 74.2 74.3 72.3 73.2 69.4 70.5 70.2 69.6 64.3 67.1 65.8 64.7 61.4 59.3 60.6 58.7 57.8 61.2 59.0
South 60.5 57.0 59.9 60.0 61.2 63.1 62.7 60.9 60.5 57.4 56.4 57.1 54.5 53.3 54.3 53.2 50.0 48.8 49.4 47.3 47.2 47.9 49.0 48.2
Midwest 72.9 72.4 72.5 75.5 73.9 76.5 77.7 75.8 74.1 72.8 71.2 71.8 69.2 66.4 65.5 63.4 60.7 60.4 60.9 61.7 62.2 60.1 61.1 62.2
West 62.9 58.1 62.4 62.7 60.6 62.3 64.2 62.3 63.5 60.0 59.5 58.5 60.6 58.2 57.6 56.2 53.6 51.4 49.5 50.0 50.5 54.5 52.8 53.3
Public health insurancef
Total 18.2 19.8 19.6 19.0 17.4 16.3 17.1 18.4 20.4 23.5 25.1 25.4 26.3 28.8 28.6 30.1 33.1 35.2 37.0 37.6 37.7 38.1 38.7 37.8
Gender
Male 18.1 19.7 19.3 18.7 17.4 16.4 17.0 17.7 20.1 23.6 25.0 25.1 26.3 28.7 28.6 30.6 32.7 35.2 37.2 36.9 37.4 37.9 39.2 37.9
Female 18.3 20.0 19.9 19.2 17.5 16.3 17.3 19.1 20.6 23.3 25.2 25.7 26.4 29.0 28.6 29.6 33.5 35.2 36.9 38.3 38.0 38.3 38.1 37.8
Age
Ages 0–5 25.1 26.7 26.7 25.7 23.4 21.4 22.2 23.1 24.6 28.2 31.3 31.3 33.0 35.3 35.4 36.6 40.2 42.3 45.1 44.4 44.5 42.6 43.0 42.1
Ages 6–11 16.7 18.6 18.6 17.7 17.2 15.9 16.6 18.1 20.2 23.0 24.9 25.1 26.3 28.6 27.5 30.0 32.5 35.3 36.5 37.7 38.1 39.0 40.2 38.8
Ages 12–17 12.1 13.5 13.0 13.2 11.6 11.7 12.6 14.2 16.3 19.3 19.3 20.2 19.9 22.9 23.0 23.7 26.3 27.6 29.2 30.7 30.6 33.0 32.9 32.8
Race and Hispanic originc
White, non-Hispanic 10.1 11.3 11.4 11.0 10.1 9.6 10.3 11.5 12.7 15.0 15.8 15.4 16.4 19.4 16.4 18.1 20.6 22.2 24.5 24.0 23.7 24.8 25.1 24.9
Black, non-Hispanic 41.5 44.6 42.0 38.4 37.1 35.0 35.4 37.3 38.8 42.3 42.7 44.5 45.3 47.0 49.3 50.9 53.9 56.0 56.5 59.4 58.8 59.2 58.6 58.0
Hispanic 30.0 31.6 34.0 34.2 29.2 26.6 27.0 28.0 32.9 38.2 41.7 42.8 43.8 44.4 47.9 47.7 52.6 55.5 56.6 57.5 58.2 56.5 58.5 56.2
Regiond
Northeast 17.4 18.9 19.1 18.7 19.0 16.7 17.7 19.9 20.4 22.4 23.5 23.2 23.4 30.2 26.6 27.6 29.8 33.5 36.1 34.3 36.7 37.3 35.3 35.3
South 18.1 20.5 19.9 20.5 16.9 16.7 18.0 19.5 22.7 26.2 28.5 28.3 29.3 30.1 30.0 32.1 34.7 37.3 39.6 41.4 41.3 41.4 41.7 41.9
Midwest 18.3 18.0 17.8 15.2 14.7 14.0 13.5 14.9 17.1 19.4 21.3 20.4 23.2 26.6 26.9 27.1 31.3 33.0 32.6 31.4 31.4 34.4 34.6 32.0
West 19.0 21.5 21.5 20.9 20.2 18.3 19.3 19.3 20.0 24.3 24.8 27.7 27.1 28.0 29.5 32.0 34.7 35.4 38.1 39.7 38.3 36.9 40.0 38.6
a In 1997, the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) was redesigned. Data for 1997–2016 are not strictly comparable to prior years of data.
b A child was considered to be uninsured if he or she did not have any private health insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), state-sponsored or other government-sponsored health plan, or military plan. A child was also defined as uninsured if he or she had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care.
c Respondents are asked whether they are of Hispanic origin and about their race separately. Information from these two sources is used to create a four-category race/ethnicity indicator, which distinguishes between "White, non-Hispanic," "Black, non-Hispanic," "Other, non-Hispanic," and "Hispanic" children. For this report, estimates for children who are "Other, non-Hispanic" are not shown separately but are included in the total. For years 1993–1996, race is based on the main race of the child following the 1977 U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for collecting and presenting data on race. From 1997 onward, estimates are presented for children for whom a single race was indicated; following the 1997 OMB standards for collecting and presenting data on race, the National Health Interview Survey asked respondents to choose one or more races from the following: White, Black or African American, Asian, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. The use of the race-alone population in this table does not imply that it is the preferred method of presenting or analyzing data. Data from 1997 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
d Regions: Northeast includes CT, MA, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, and VT. South includes AL, AR, DC, DE, fl, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, and WV. Midwest includes IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, and WI. West includes AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, and WY.
e Private health insurance includes children covered by any comprehensive private insurance plan (including health maintenance organizations and preferred provider organizations). These plans include those obtained through an employer, purchased directly, or obtained through local or community programs. Excludes plans that only paid for one type of service such as accidents or dental care.
f Public health insurance includes children who do not have private coverage, but who have Medicaid or other state-sponsored health plans, including CHIP.
NOTE: A small percentage of children have coverage other than private or public health insurance. They are not shown separately in the report, but they are included in the total.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.