ChildStats.gov—Forum on Child and Family Statistics
faces of children
Home  |  About the Forum  |  Publications  |  Help
Search
FAM1.B Family structure and children's living arrangements: Detailed living arrangements of children by gender, race and Hispanic origin, age, parent's education, and poverty status, 2020a

excel icon FAM1B Excel Table
excel icon FAM1B Standard Error Excel Table

Characteristic Total Two parentsa One parent No parents
Two biological/adoptive parents Biological/adoptive parent and stepparent Mother Father  
Married Cohabiting Married Cohabiting Not cohabiting Cohabiting Not cohabiting Cohabiting Grandparent Other relatives only—no grandparent Nonrelative only—not foster Foster parent(s) All otherb
Total (in thousands) 72,901 44,560 2,364 3,966 445 13,866 1,444 2,375 896 1,635 795 233 233 90
Percent of total 100.0 61.1 3.2 5.4 0.6 19.0 2.0 3.3 1.2 2.2 1.1 0.3 0.3 0.1
Percent by number of parents 100.0 86.8 4.6 7.7 0.9 74.6 7.8 12.8 4.8 54.8 26.6 7.8 7.8 3.0
Gender
Male 51.0 50.8 51.6 51.5 45.7 50.5 52.3 52.6 55.8 51.0 52.8 57.6 59.1 67.7
Female 49.0 49.2 48.4 48.5 54.3 49.5 47.7 47.4 44.2 49.0 47.2 42.4 40.9 32.3
Race and Hispanic originc
White 72.2 77.8 73.7 79.3 80.1 54.2 73.2 72.0 76.7 58.5 63.6 67.1 56.8 53.4
White, non-Hispanic 50.1 56.8 36.6 57.4 58.2 29.9 51.6 52.8 53.5 41.2 35.7 47.8 38.5 24.7
Black 15.0 8.2 12.5 11.9 16.1 34.4 19.4 16.2 12.1 32.5 24.6 17.8 30.7 31.7
Black, non-Hispanic 13.7 7.5 10.9 9.8 14.9 32.1 16.2 15.7 9.3 30.5 23.3 16.3 27.3 24.6
Asian 5.3 7.5 2.6 2.1 2.1 1.0 2.8 0.8 0.4 3.3 8.5 0.4 2.7
All other races 7.4 6.6 11.3 6.7 3.9 9.3 6.5 9.1 10.4 8.7 8.5 6.6 12.1 12.2
Hispanic (of any race) 25.6 23.6 42.6 26.1 25.4 29.5 26.4 21.4 29.6 20.6 31.5 22.4 25.6 43.1
Age
Ages 0–5 32.1 34.8 59.1 15.9 21.6 29.1 21.3 15.5 40.5 22.3 20.1 30.2 38.4 37.6
Ages 6–14 50.7 49.3 36.0 58.2 54.6 52.5 58.7 60.2 45.3 58.1 52.2 44.6 41.4 49.4
Ages 15–17 17.2 15.9 4.9 26.0 23.8 18.3 20.0 24.2 14.1 19.6 27.7 25.2 20.2 13.0
Father's education
Father not present 25.1 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Less than high school 7.9 9.6 25.7 10.5 17.1 8.7 16.3
High school graduate 18.0 21.8 39.7 32.5 42.7 32.4 29.6
Some college 17.6 22.4 22.0 27.7 23.4 33.9 35.5
Bachelor's degree or more 31.4 46.3 12.5 29.3 16.7 25.0 18.6
Mother's education
Mother not present 8.6 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Less than high school 8.5 7.9 17.7 8.8 15.2 12.3 9.8
High school graduate 20.8 18.3 36.7 23.1 29.9 32.6 40.1
Some college 24.1 23.3 31.1 33.0 27.6 33.0 33.1
Bachelor's degree or more 38.0 50.5 14.4 35.0 27.2 22.1 17.0
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 14.3 6.3 39.3 6.1 26.2 33.1 39.2 14.6 17.2 24.9 20.0 24.9 17.5 23.5
100%–199% poverty 19.9 15.8 29.3 19.7 22.8 29.4 27.6 19.9 32.6 28.8 19.1 0.1 17.9
200% poverty and above 65.1 78.0 31.5 74.3 51.0 37.5 33.1 65.6 50.2 46.3 43.4 0.2 2.7 42.9
— Not available.
a This category also includes children living with two stepparents.
b The category "All other" includes children who live with both relatives (other than grandparents) and nonrelatives.
c Beginning in 2003, the Current Population Survey (CPS) asked respondents to choose one or more races from the following: White, Black or African American, Asian, American Indian or Alaska Native, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. The U.S. Census Bureau also offered an "Other" category. Those who chose more than one race were classified as "Two or more races." Except for the "All other races" category, all race groups discussed in this table refer to people who indicated only one racial identity within the racial categories presented. (Those who were "Two or more races" were included in the "All other races" category, along with American Indians or Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islanders, and those who chose "Other.") People who responded to the question on race by indicating only one race are referred to as the race-alone population. The use of the race-alone population in this table does not imply that it is the preferred method of presenting or analyzing data. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
NOTE: Due to processing changes starting in 2019, which include gender neutral parent identification questions, a small proportion of children with two same-sex parents will have fathers in the standard "mother" category and mothers in the standard "father" category. Data for 2020 exclude about 210,000 household residents under age 18 who were listed as family reference persons or spouses. "Cohabiting" means the parent is cohabiting with an unmarried partner. Relatives are anyone who is reported as related to the householder by blood, marriage, or adoption.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.