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ED5.A Youth neither enrolled in schoola nor working: Percentage of youth ages 16–19 who are neither enrolled in school nor working by age, gender, and race and Hispanic origin, 2000–2020

excel icon ED5A Excel Table
excel icon ED5A Standard Error Excel Table

Characteristic 2000b 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012c 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020d
Ages 16–19
Total 8.0 9.0 8.7 8.3 8.0 7.7 7.6 7.8 8.2 9.0 9.0 8.3 8.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.3 7.8 7.9 7.8 9.5
Gender
Male 7.0 8.0 8.3 8.0 7.0 7.4 7.2 7.7 8.1 10.0 9.0 8.5 8.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.5 8.1 8.3 8.2 10.1
Female 9.0 9.0 9.3 8.6 8.0 8.0 7.9 8.0 8.4 9.0 9.0 8.1 8.0 9.0 8.0 8.0 8.1 7.5 7.5 7.4 9.0
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 6.0 6.0 6.7 6.0 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.3 6.6 7.0 8.0 6.9 7.0 8.0 8.0 7.0 7.6 6.8 6.7 7.0 8.3
Black, non-Hispanic 13.0 14.0 14.0 12.0 10.0 11.5 10.7 10.5 11.4 12.0 12.0 10.9 11.0 11.0 11.0 12.0 9.6 10.6 11.5 10.3 11.3
Hispanic 13.0 13.0 12.9 12.2 12.2 11.5 10.9 11.3 11.4 13.0 11.0 10.7 11.0 11.0 10.0 10.0 9.7 8.7 8.5 8.8 11.3
Ages 16–17
Total 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.7 4.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 4.6 4.1 4.1 4.2 5.2
Gender
Male 3.0 4.0 3.7 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.0 3.1 3.0 4.0 5.0 5.0 4.7 3.9 4.0 4.3 5.5
Female 4.0 4.0 3.7 4.0 3.8 3.4 3.3 3.5 3.6 4.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 5.0 5.0 4.0 4.5 4.2 4.2 4.0 4.9
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 3.0 3.0 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5 2.9 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.6 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.5 3.6 3.5 3.8 4.7
Black, non-Hispanic 5.0 5.0 4.6 4.0 4.0 4.3 4.4 4.0 4.8 5.0 5.0 3.7 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 5.0 5.5 4.9 5.9
Hispanic 7.0 7.0 5.4 6.0 5.4 5.1 5.8 5.5 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.1 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.2 4.7 4.9 4.8 6.2
Ages 18–19
Total 12.0 13.0 13.9 13.8 12.6 12.9 12.7 12.9 13.6 15.0 15.0 14.0 14.0 15.0 14.0 13.0 12.5 12.2 12.2 12.0 14.4
Gender
Male 11.0 12.0 13.0 14.0 12.2 12.5 11.8 12.6 13.1 16.0 16.0 14.5 15.0 15.0 14.0 14.0 12.7 12.9 13.2 12.5 15.1
Female 13.0 15.0 14.9 13.7 13.1 13.3 13.6 13.4 14.0 14.0 15.0 13.5 13.0 15.0 13.0 13.0 12.3 11.4 11.2 11.4 13.6
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 9.0 10.0 10.5 10.0 10.0 9.9 10.1 10.3 10.8 12.0 13.0 11.5 12.0 13.0 12.0 11.0 11.1 10.7 10.4 10.6 12.5
Black, non-Hispanic 21.0 22.0 23.8 23.0 18.0 20.2 18.5 19.1 19.6 20.0 21.0 18.9 19.0 18.0 19.0 19.0 15.3 17.3 17.9 16.5 17.2
Hispanic 18.0 19.0 19.9 19.6 19.4 18.7 17.1 17.9 19.1 21.0 19.0 18.0 18.0 18.0 16.0 16.0 14.8 13.3 12.7 13.4 16.6
a School refers to both high school and college.
b From 2000 to 2011, data incorporate population controls from Census 2000.
c Beginning in 2012, data incorporate population controls from Census 2010.
d Data reflect the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to contain it.
e For data before 2003, the 1977 U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data for 2003 and later years. Persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Included in the total but not shown separately are American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and "Two or more races." Beginning in 2003, those in each racial category represent those reporting only one race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
NOTE: Data relate to the labor force and enrollment status of persons ages 16–19 in the civilian noninstitutionalized population during an "average" week of the school year. The percentages represent an average based on responses to the survey questions for the months that youth are usually in school (January through May and September through December). Results are based on 9 months of data.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey.