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ECON2 Secure parental employment: Percentage of children ages 0–17 living with at least one parent employed year-round, full timea by family structure, race and Hispanic origin, poverty status, and age, 1980–2017

excel icon ECON2 Excel Table

Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013b 2014c 2015 2016 2017
All children living with parent(s)
Total children living with parent(s) (in thousands) 60,683 60,608 60,748 60,692 60,884 61,264 61,193 61,411 62,150 62,470 63,351 64,301 65,138 66,829 67,361 68,090 68,275 68,408 68,814 69,118 69,126 69,514 70,075 70,089 70,210 70,292 71,229 71,285 71,256 71,697 71,732 71,210 71,233 71,042 70,729 70,906 70,799 70,607
Total living with relatives but not with parent(s) (in thousands) 1,954 1,587 1,388 1,261 1,370 1,379 1,515 1,556 1,377 1,447 1,455 1,371 1,495 2,184 2,369 2,160 2,016 2,137 2,159 2,187 2,212 2,092 2,226 2,380 2,528 2,419 2,017 2,256 2,356 2,389 2,352 2,148 2,126 2,196 2,435 2,286 2,428 2,397
Total 70.0 69.0 67.0 68.0 70.0 70.0 71.0 71.0 72.0 73.0 72.0 71.0 71.0 71.0 72.0 74.0 75.0 76.0 77.0 79.0 80.0 78.6 78.2 77.0 78.0 78.3 78.2 77.0 75.0 72.0 71.0 73.0 73.0 74.0 75.0 75.4 77.0 77.9
Race and Hispanic origind
White, non-Hispanic 75.0 75.0 73.0 73.0 76.0 77.0 77.0 79.0 79.0 80.0 79.0 78.0 78.0 79.0 80.0 81.0 82.0 82.0 84.0 84.0 85.0 84.0 83.0 82.0 82.0 83.6 83.2 82.0 81.0 79.0 79.0 79.0 80.0 81.0 82.0 80.9 82.2 83.8
Black, non-Hispanic 50.0 48.0 45.0 47.0 48.0 48.0 49.0 48.0 50.0 51.0 50.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 52.0 54.0 56.0 58.0 58.0 64.0 66.0 65.0 64.0 61.0 62.0 62.1 63.7 64.0 61.0 58.0 53.0 56.0 57.0 57.0 60.0 62.3 63.7 64.7
Hispanic 59.0 59.0 54.0 55.0 58.0 55.0 58.0 58.0 61.0 62.0 60.0 57.0 57.0 57.0 59.0 61.0 64.0 67.0 68.0 71.0 72.0 73.0 73.0 71.0 73.0 73.9 73.7 72.0 68.0 62.0 61.0 65.0 65.0 66.0 69.0 69.3 71.8 72.8
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 21.0 23.0 22.0 21.0 21.0 20.0 20.0 19.0 21.0 22.0 22.0 20.0 20.0 21.0 24.0 25.0 25.0 26.0 31.0 31.0 34.0 32.0 33.0 30.0 33.0 31.9 32.5 32.0 30.0 26.0 24.0 27.0 27.0 27.0 31.0 29.5 28.7 32.6
100% poverty and above 81.0 81.0 79.0 81.0 83.0 82.0 83.0 84.0 84.0 85.0 85.0 85.0 85.0 85.0 86.0 86.0 87.0 88.0 87.0 88.0 88.0 87.0 87.0 86.0 87.0 87.7 87.5 87.0 85.0 83.0 83.0 85.0 85.0 85.0 87.0 86.2 87.0 87.1
Age
Ages 0–5 67.0 65.0 62.0 63.0 66.0 67.0 68.0 68.0 68.0 69.0 68.0 67.0 66.0 67.0 68.0 69.0 71.0 72.0 74.0 76.0 76.0 75.7 75.0 73.0 74.0 75.3 74.5 73.0 71.0 67.0 66.0 69.0 69.0 70.0 72.0 72.9 74.6 75.7
Ages 6–17 72.0 72.0 69.0 70.0 72.0 72.0 72.0 73.0 75.0 76.0 74.0 73.0 74.0 74.0 75.0 76.0 77.0 78.0 79.0 80.0 81.0 80.1 79.0 79.0 79.0 79.8 80.1 79.0 77.0 74.0 73.0 74.0 75.0 76.0 77.0 76.6 77.8 79.0
Children living in families maintained by two married parents
Total 80.0 79.0 77.0 78.0 81.0 81.0 82.0 83.0 84.0 85.0 85.0 84.0 84.0 85.0 86.0 87.0 88.0 88.0 89.0 90.0 90.0 89.3 88.0 88.0 88.0 88.8 89.1 89.0 86.0 83.0 83.0 86.0 85.0 87.0 88.0 87.6 88.3 88.9
Race and Hispanic origind
White, non-Hispanic 81.0 81.0 79.0 80.0 83.0 83.0 84.0 86.0 86.0 87.0 86.0 86.0 87.0 88.0 88.0 89.0 90.0 91.0 91.0 91.0 92.0 91.0 90.0 90.0 90.0 90.6 90.8 90.0 89.0 87.0 87.0 88.0 89.0 90.0 90.0 89.3 90.3 91.2
Black, non-Hispanic 73.0 74.0 72.0 73.0 76.0 76.0 79.0 78.0 78.0 81.0 84.0 82.0 81.0 80.0 86.0 85.0 87.0 85.0 86.0 88.0 90.0 89.0 84.0 85.0 86.0 84.9 86.3 87.0 84.0 82.0 76.0 82.0 81.0 81.0 85.0 86.4 85.1 84.7
Hispanic 71.0 73.0 67.0 67.0 73.0 70.0 74.0 73.0 75.0 77.0 74.0 71.0 71.0 72.0 76.0 77.0 79.0 80.0 82.0 83.0 85.0 84.0 82.0 82.0 84.0 84.7 85.3 84.0 80.0 74.0 73.0 79.0 78.0 80.0 82.0 82.9 84.6 85.4
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 38.0 40.0 39.0 38.0 39.0 37.0 40.0 38.0 41.0 43.0 44.0 38.0 37.0 41.0 46.0 46.0 48.0 48.0 56.0 52.0 58.0 54.0 54.0 52.0 55.0 56.6 57.9 54.0 51.0 44.0 40.0 48.0 46.0 48.0 55.0 51.4 50.0 54.7
100% poverty and above 84.0 84.0 82.0 84.0 87.0 87.0 87.0 88.0 88.0 90.0 89.0 89.0 90.0 91.0 91.0 91.0 92.0 92.0 92.0 93.0 93.0 92.0 91.0 91.0 92.0 91.7 91.9 92.0 90.0 88.0 89.0 90.0 90.0 91.0 91.0 91.5 91.8 92.0
Age
Ages 0–5 76.0 76.0 73.0 75.0 78.0 79.0 81.0 81.0 81.0 84.0 83.0 82.0 83.0 83.0 85.0 86.0 87.0 87.0 88.0 89.0 89.0 88.1 85.0 86.0 86.0 87.1 87.1 87.0 84.0 80.0 80.0 83.0 84.0 85.0 86.0 86.2 87.0 87.5
Ages 6–17 81.0 81.0 79.0 80.0 82.0 82.0 83.0 84.0 85.0 86.0 85.0 85.0 85.0 86.0 86.0 87.0 88.0 89.0 89.0 90.0 91.0 90.0 89.0 88.0 89.0 89.7 90.2 90.0 88.0 85.0 84.0 87.0 86.0 87.0 89.0 88.3 89.0 89.6
With both parents working year-round
Full time 17.0 17.0 17.0 18.0 20.0 20.0 22.0 24.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 27.0 27.0 28.0 28.0 30.0 31.0 31.0 32.0 33.0 32.0 30.0 29.0 30.0 31.0 32.0 32.0 31.0 29.0 28.0 29.0 29.9 31.6 31.9 33.1 33.6 34.3
Children living in families maintained by single motherse
Total 33.0 33.0 30.0 31.0 32.0 32.0 32.0 33.0 35.0 34.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 35.0 38.0 39.0 41.0 44.0 47.0 49.0 48.3 50.0 47.0 47.0 47.8 48.3 47.0 45.0 44.0 41.0 41.0 43.0 42.0 45.0 45.9 48.0 49.4
Race and Hispanic origind
White, non-Hispanic 39.0 40.0 38.0 37.0 40.0 39.0 41.0 41.0 43.0 42.0 40.0 40.0 41.0 39.0 43.0 46.0 47.0 46.0 52.0 52.0 53.0 52.0 52.0 52.0 49.0 51.7 50.9 49.0 48.0 47.0 46.0 45.0 46.0 45.0 47.0 48.1 50.3 52.6
Black, non-Hispanic 28.0 25.0 24.0 26.0 27.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 29.0 30.0 27.0 27.0 27.0 28.0 31.0 33.0 35.0 39.0 39.0 46.0 49.0 48.0 49.0 44.0 45.0 45.4 46.3 48.0 45.0 42.0 40.0 39.0 41.0 41.0 44.0 46.5 48.5 50.0
Hispanic 22.0 22.0 19.0 22.0 21.0 22.0 21.0 23.0 25.0 23.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 24.0 23.0 27.0 27.0 34.0 36.0 39.0 38.0 42.0 45.0 43.0 45.0 44.5 45.9 44.0 40.0 40.0 36.0 38.0 40.0 40.0 42.0 41.1 44.5 45.8
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 7.0 8.0 8.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.0 10.0 14.0 10.0 13.0 17.0 18.0 20.0 19.0 19.0 17.0 19.0 17.2 19.0 20.0 16.0 16.0 15.0 16.0 17.0 16.0 17.0 16.3 17.5 20.2
100% poverty and above 59.0 57.0 57.0 60.0 60.0 59.0 60.0 61.0 61.0 60.0 60.0 61.0 61.0 59.0 61.0 61.0 64.0 66.0 66.0 66.0 67.0 67.0 69.0 69.0 67.0 70.3 69.7 68.0 67.0 66.0 65.0 65.0 66.0 65.0 69.0 67.7 70.3 69.6
Age
Ages 0–5 20.0 19.0 20.0 19.0 20.0 20.0 21.0 21.0 23.0 22.0 21.0 22.0 20.0 21.0 23.0 24.0 27.0 28.0 31.0 35.0 36.0 38.1 40.0 34.0 34.0 37.0 36.8 36.0 33.0 34.0 31.0 32.0 32.0 32.0 35.0 38.0 40.0 41.0
Ages 6–17 38.0 38.0 36.0 37.0 38.0 37.0 38.0 38.0 42.0 41.0 40.0 40.0 41.0 39.0 42.0 45.0 45.0 47.0 50.0 52.0 55.0 52.9 54.0 53.0 52.0 52.6 53.5 53.0 51.0 48.0 47.0 46.0 47.0 47.0 49.0 49.4 51.4 53.0
Children living in families maintained by single fatherse
Total 57.0 62.0 54.0 59.0 61.0 60.0 61.0 63.0 68.0 64.0 64.0 64.0 60.0 61.0 61.0 67.0 67.0 70.0 70.0 70.0 69.0 68.7 68.0 63.0 68.0 71.0 67.1 66.0 61.0 54.0 55.0 62.0 61.0 63.0 63.0 63.0 65.4 69.0
Race and Hispanic origind
White, non-Hispanic 61.0 66.0 60.0 63.0 66.0 62.0 66.0 66.0 73.0 69.0 68.0 67.0 62.0 61.0 64.0 72.0 69.0 72.0 72.0 76.0 74.0 71.0 70.0 66.0 70.0 73.7 69.8 68.0 64.0 59.0 62.0 66.0 65.0 68.0 67.0 66.9 69.5 73.1
Black, non-Hispanic 41.0 52.0 35.0 51.0 45.0 59.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 47.0 53.0 56.0 60.0 67.0 56.0 64.0 60.0 67.0 66.0 51.0 52.0 58.0 64.0 54.0 61.0 65.0 63.6 62.0 56.0 48.0 41.0 58.0 51.0 50.0 54.0 59.9 54.6 62.9
Hispanic 53.0 49.0 53.0 51.0 63.0 53.0 60.0 55.0 62.0 59.0 59.0 57.0 51.0 58.0 55.0 58.0 66.0 68.0 69.0 65.0 68.0 72.0 70.0 63.0 69.0 66.9 63.7 61.0 56.0 47.0 52.0 60.0 61.0 62.0 60.0 62.3 64.4 66.5
Poverty status
Below 100% poverty 15.0 23.0 12.0 15.0 15.0 23.0 17.0 14.0 28.0 22.0 21.0 18.0 17.0 19.0 26.0 24.0 30.0 29.0 34.0 28.0 21.0 29.0 34.0 27.0 26.0 31.9 26.3 28.0 22.0 17.0 18.0 24.0 25.0 28.0 24.0 28.3 24.5 30.4
100% poverty and above 68.0 70.0 66.0 71.0 73.0 69.0 72.0 76.0 78.0 75.0 74.0 76.0 74.0 75.0 73.0 79.0 77.0 80.0 79.0 79.0 79.0 78.0 77.0 73.0 78.0 80.0 77.8 76.0 71.0 67.0 69.0 74.0 74.0 74.0 76.0 75.2 75.6 77.5
Age
Ages 0–5 48.0 55.0 38.0 47.0 47.0 57.0 56.0 52.0 55.0 57.0 58.0 57.0 55.0 55.0 55.0 54.0 61.0 62.0 65.0 66.0 65.0 67.1 65.0 56.0 62.0 65.8 60.5 61.0 56.0 46.0 50.0 60.0 56.0 56.0 59.0 61.6 64.0 66.5
Ages 6–17 59.0 64.0 60.0 64.0 67.0 62.0 63.0 67.0 73.0 68.0 67.0 68.0 63.0 65.0 63.0 74.0 70.0 74.0 72.0 71.0 70.0 69.6 70.0 65.0 71.0 73.2 70.3 69.0 63.0 58.0 58.0 63.0 64.0 66.0 64.0 63.7 66.1 70.2
a Year-round, full-time employment is defined as usually working 35 hours or more per week for 50–52 weeks.
b The source of the calendar year 2013 data for this table is the portion of the 2014 Current Population Survey (CPS) Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) sample that received income questions consistent with the 2013 CPS ASEC.
c Beginning in 2014, income and poverty data from the ASEC are based on a redesigned questionnaire and differ from the income and poverty data shown in this table for earlier years.
d For data from 1980 to 2002, the 1977 U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data for 2003 and later years. Persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Included in the totals, but not shown separately, are American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and "Two or more races." Beginning in 2003, those in each racial category represent those reporting only one race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. For all years, data on race and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity may be of any race.
e Data refer to parents who are never-married, divorced, widowed, separated, and married, spouse absent. Includes some families where both parents are present in the household but living as unmarried partners.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.