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ECON1.A Child poverty: Percentage of children ages 0–17 living below selected poverty thresholds by selected characteristics, 1980–2019

excel icon ECON1A Excel Table
excel icon ECON1.A Standard Error Excel Table

Characteristic 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013a 2013b 2014 2015 2016 2017 2017c 2018 2019d
Below 100% poverty
Total 18.3 20.0 21.9 22.3 21.5 20.7 20.5 20.3 19.5 19.6 20.6 21.8 22.3 22.7 21.8 20.8 20.5 19.9 18.9 17.1 16.2 16.3 16.7 17.6 17.8 17.6 17.4 18.0 19.0 20.7 22.0 21.9 21.8 19.9 21.5 21.1 19.7 18.0 17.5 17.4 16.2 14.4
Gender
Male 18.1 19.7 21.9 21.8 20.9 20.3 20.5 20.3 19.8 19.5 20.5 21.3 21.9 22.7 21.4 20.4 20.0 19.7 18.4 16.7 16.0 16.2 16.8 17.7 17.8 17.4 17.2 17.9 18.8 20.4 22.2 21.6 21.3 19.8 21.5 21.2 19.5 17.6 17.3 17.1 16.2 14.4
Female 18.6 20.4 21.9 22.8 22.1 21.1 20.4 20.3 19.3 19.8 20.8 22.2 22.8 22.7 22.2 21.2 20.9 20.0 19.4 17.5 16.3 16.4 16.6 17.6 17.8 17.8 17.6 18.1 19.2 21.0 21.9 22.2 22.3 20.0 21.5 21.1 19.9 18.4 17.7 17.6 16.2 14.5
Age
Ages 0–5 20.7 22.4 23.8 25.0 24.0 23.0 22.2 22.6 22.3 22.5 23.6 24.6 26.4 26.2 25.1 24.1 23.2 22.0 21.0 18.7 18.3 18.4 18.8 20.1 20.3 20.2 20.3 21.1 21.7 24.3 25.8 25.0 24.8 22.5 24.1 23.9 21.3 19.7 19.3 19.0 17.4 15.5
Ages 6–17 17.3 18.9 20.9 21.0 20.2 19.5 19.6 19.1 18.1 18.1 19.0 20.2 20.1 20.8 20.1 19.1 19.1 18.8 17.8 16.4 15.2 15.3 15.7 16.4 16.6 16.3 16.0 16.5 17.6 18.9 20.2 20.4 20.4 18.7 20.3 19.8 19.0 17.2 16.6 16.6 15.7 13.9
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 11.8 12.9 14.4 14.8 13.7 12.8 13.0 11.8 11.0 11.5 12.3 13.1 13.2 13.6 12.5 11.2 11.1 11.4 10.6 9.4 9.1 9.5 9.4 9.8 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.6 11.9 12.3 12.5 12.3 10.7 13.4 12.3 12.1 10.8 10.9 10.2 8.9 8.3
Black, non-Hispanic 42.3 45.1 47.6 46.5 46.5 43.3 43.0 45.0 43.6 43.7 44.5 45.7 46.6 45.8 43.7 41.5 39.4 37.0 36.4 33.1 31.0 29.9 32.3 34.0 33.7 34.5 33.3 34.4 34.7 35.7 39.1 38.8 38.4 39.1 33.4 37.3 33.6 30.9 28.7 30.4 30.1 26.8
Hispanic 33.2 35.9 39.5 38.1 39.2 40.3 37.7 39.3 37.6 36.2 38.4 40.4 40.0 40.9 41.5 40.0 40.3 36.8 34.4 30.3 28.4 28.0 28.6 29.7 28.9 28.3 26.9 28.6 30.6 33.1 34.9 34.1 33.8 30.4 33.0 31.9 28.9 26.6 25.0 25.0 23.7 20.9
Regionf
Northeast 16.3 18.2 20.3 20.5 21.0 18.5 16.5 17.3 16.1 16.0 18.4 19.7 20.2 21.3 20.1 19.0 19.2 19.7 18.5 16.4 14.5 14.7 15.1 15.3 15.7 15.5 15.7 16.1 16.6 18.0 18.5 18.8 19.6 17.5 18.2 17.8 18.4 15.6 16.6 16.5 13.9 12.6
South 22.5 24.2 25.5 24.3 23.5 22.8 23.7 23.9 23.6 22.8 23.8 24.0 25.5 25.3 23.8 23.5 22.9 21.6 20.3 19.1 18.4 18.9 19.3 20.3 19.6 19.7 19.4 20.8 20.5 22.4 24.3 23.4 24.2 22.9 24.2 23.8 22.1 20.0 19.0 19.0 18.9 16.3
Midwest 16.3 17.2 19.5 21.2 20.9 20.7 19.6 18.5 16.4 18.2 18.8 19.8 19.7 19.6 19.1 16.9 15.5 15.2 15.1 13.9 13.1 13.3 13.4 14.9 16.8 15.9 16.3 16.6 18.7 19.6 20.5 20.8 19.9 17.0 20.1 18.8 17.2 17.3 16.4 16.1 14.1 13.9
West 16.1 18.5 20.5 22.3 19.4 19.3 19.9 19.0 19.5 19.5 19.8 22.2 22.1 23.2 23.1 22.1 22.9 22.1 21.0 18.1 16.9 16.0 17.1 17.8 17.5 17.5 16.6 16.3 18.6 21.0 22.2 22.5 21.2 19.5 20.8 21.2 19.0 17.0 16.6 16.4 15.3 13.0
Children in married-couple families
Total 10.1 11.4 12.8 13.3 12.2 11.4 10.5 10.3 9.5 9.9 10.3 10.6 11.3 11.8 10.9 10.0 10.1 9.5 9.1 8.5 8.0 8.0 8.5 8.6 9.0 8.5 8.2 8.6 9.9 11.1 11.6 11.0 11.2 9.5 10.1 10.6 9.8 8.4 8.4 8.0 7.6 6.4
Ages 0–5 11.6 12.9 13.9 15.1 13.8 12.9 11.4 11.7 11.3 11.3 11.7 12.0 13.4 13.6 12.4 11.1 11.6 10.7 10.2 9.2 8.7 9.2 9.8 9.6 10.1 9.9 9.5 9.6 11.1 13.4 13.4 12.2 12.6 10.3 11.5 11.6 10.1 9.5 9.5 8.8 7.8 6.3
Ages 6–17 9.4 10.7 12.2 12.3 11.3 10.5 10.0 9.6 8.6 9.2 9.5 9.9 10.1 10.9 10.1 9.4 9.3 8.9 8.5 8.2 7.7 7.4 7.9 8.1 8.4 7.7 7.5 8.1 9.3 9.8 10.7 10.4 10.5 9.2 9.4 10.2 9.6 7.9 7.9 7.5 7.6 6.5
White, non-Hispanic 7.5 8.5 9.9 10.1 9.0 8.2 7.7 6.7 6.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 7.4 7.8 6.8 6.0 5.4 5.2 5.4 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.8 5.2 4.5 4.3 4.8 5.3 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.2 5.0 6.6 6.4 6.0 4.8 5.7 4.9 4.0 3.9
Black, non-Hispanic 19.7 22.7 23.3 23.0 22.6 17.2 14.9 18.1 17.2 18.1 17.8 14.9 18.2 17.7 14.6 12.0 13.3 12.3 12.2 10.5 8.5 9.7 11.1 11.3 12.4 12.4 11.8 11.0 11.0 14.5 16.0 15.6 14.9 16.9 10.3 13.3 11.0 10.7 10.2 11.4 10.8 7.8
Hispanic 23.0 24.3 27.8 26.8 27.5 27.2 26.1 27.4 25.3 25.4 26.6 29.1 28.9 30.5 30.2 28.4 29.4 26.1 23.5 22.1 20.8 19.5 21.3 21.4 20.8 20.1 18.5 19.4 22.2 24.0 25.1 23.3 23.6 20.0 19.6 21.2 19.5 17.0 14.8 14.3 15.3 13.0
Children in female-householder families, no husband present
Total 51.4 52.9 56.6 56.0 54.7 54.1 55.2 54.4 53.5 51.9 54.2 55.9 55.4 54.3 53.2 50.7 49.7 49.6 46.6 42.6 40.5 40.0 39.8 42.1 42.4 43.1 42.4 43.0 43.9 45.1 47.1 48.0 47.6 46.1 47.4 46.4 42.6 42.0 40.7 41.6 39.0 36.4
Ages 0–5 65.4 66.2 67.2 67.8 65.7 65.7 65.5 66.0 64.3 63.0 65.9 65.9 66.8 64.2 64.1 61.9 59.3 59.5 55.1 50.6 50.7 49.0 48.8 53.0 52.8 52.9 53.0 54.0 54.0 54.8 58.7 57.7 56.3 55.3 55.3 55.1 49.5 49.1 48.4 49.8 47.7 45.7
Ages 6–17 46.2 47.6 51.9 51.1 49.9 49.1 50.6 49.3 48.4 46.4 48.4 50.9 49.4 49.1 47.7 45.2 45.5 45.4 42.9 39.4 36.3 36.3 36.1 37.6 38.1 38.9 37.7 37.9 39.1 40.5 41.9 43.5 43.7 42.0 43.8 42.4 39.5 39.0 37.5 38.2 35.4 32.6
White, non-Hispanic 38.6 39.3 42.3 43.1 41.4 39.1 42.5 39.6 38.6 38.1 41.4 42.6 41.7 40.8 39.3 34.9 36.6 38.9 34.3 30.7 29.3 30.4 29.7 31.6 33.0 33.8 33.6 32.9 33.1 35.1 36.0 36.5 37.3 34.8 39.6 35.7 34.8 34.3 32.7 32.0 31.0 27.9
Black, non-Hispanic 64.9 67.9 70.5 68.2 66.3 66.7 67.3 67.4 65.4 63.3 65.1 67.9 67.0 65.5 63.3 61.5 57.8 55.3 54.2 51.8 48.9 46.3 47.3 50.0 49.0 50.2 49.9 49.8 51.8 51.1 52.6 54.2 53.9 54.6 49.9 52.9 46.9 45.6 42.5 44.7 45.4 41.5
Hispanic 64.8 67.5 71.8 70.8 71.5 73.0 67.1 69.9 69.7 65.1 68.9 68.8 66.9 66.8 68.1 66.0 66.8 63.3 60.4 52.0 50.5 50.2 48.4 50.6 51.9 51.0 47.5 51.8 52.1 52.9 56.8 57.2 55.4 52.4 53.2 53.3 48.7 48.3 48.3 49.4 42.3 40.5
Below 50% poverty
Total 6.9 7.7 9.0 9.6 9.1 8.6 8.9 9.0 9.0 8.2 8.8 9.8 10.4 10.1 9.8 8.5 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.0 6.7 7.1 6.9 7.7 7.6 7.7 7.5 7.8 8.5 9.3 9.9 9.8 9.7 8.8 9.9 9.3 8.9 8.2 8.0 7.7 6.9 6.2
Gender
Male 6.9 7.6 9.0 9.1 9.0 8.6 8.8 8.9 9.0 8.1 8.8 9.6 10.2 10.1 9.5 8.4 8.4 8.8 8.0 6.7 6.6 6.9 7.1 7.8 7.6 7.3 7.5 7.8 8.4 9.0 10.0 9.7 9.3 8.6 10.1 9.3 8.8 7.9 7.7 7.5 6.8 6.1
Female 6.9 7.8 9.0 10.0 9.2 8.6 9.0 9.1 9.0 8.3 8.8 10.0 10.6 10.1 10.2 8.5 9.5 9.1 8.2 7.2 6.8 7.2 6.8 7.7 7.7 8.1 7.5 7.8 8.6 9.5 9.8 10.0 10.1 9.0 9.7 9.3 9.0 8.5 8.3 8.1 7.0 6.3
Age
Ages 0–5 8.3 8.9 10.2 11.0 10.2 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.5 9.9 10.7 11.6 12.7 12.3 11.9 10.8 10.8 10.4 9.7 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.4 9.7 9.3 9.1 9.4 9.8 10.4 11.3 12.0 12.2 11.9 10.9 12.0 11.2 10.2 9.6 9.0 8.8 7.7 7.2
Ages 6–17 6.2 7.2 8.4 8.8 8.5 7.8 8.2 8.5 8.2 7.3 7.8 8.8 9.2 9.0 8.7 7.2 8.0 8.2 7.3 6.5 6.0 6.5 6.2 6.7 6.8 7.0 6.5 6.8 7.5 8.2 8.9 8.7 8.6 7.8 8.9 8.4 8.3 7.5 7.5 7.3 6.5 5.7
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 4.3 4.8 5.7 5.9 5.2 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.5 4.3 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.5 4.9 3.9 4.9 4.6 4.3 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.6 4.1 4.5 4.1 4.3 4.3 4.5 5.0 5.1 5.6 5.4 4.5 6.3 5.4 5.8 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.0 3.8
Black, non-Hispanic 17.7 20.6 23.3 23.8 23.7 22.1 23.6 23.5 24.5 22.7 22.7 25.8 27.3 26.0 23.7 20.5 20.6 19.7 17.4 15.5 14.9 16.0 15.3 17.9 17.2 17.3 16.0 17.1 17.6 17.8 20.1 19.0 19.2 19.1 16.6 18.5 16.2 16.9 15.3 15.1 13.3 11.7
Hispanic 10.8 10.6 12.3 14.4 15.4 14.1 14.1 14.8 15.8 12.7 14.2 14.8 15.6 14.5 17.2 16.3 14.7 16.0 13.8 11.1 10.2 10.8 11.2 10.9 10.3 11.5 10.3 11.0 12.5 14.1 15.0 14.5 13.7 12.8 14.6 12.9 11.5 10.2 10.5 10.2 9.1 8.1
Regionf
Northeast 4.7 6.7 7.2 7.7 7.7 6.5 6.5 7.1 7.3 6.1 7.6 9.1 9.2 10.3 8.9 8.6 9.6 9.5 8.0 8.1 6.4 6.9 6.4 6.9 7.7 7.5 6.4 7.4 7.7 8.2 8.9 8.7 8.2 7.2 7.7 7.7 7.9 7.4 8.0 7.4 6.0 5.2
South 9.7 10.1 11.9 11.8 10.8 10.9 12.2 12.1 11.6 10.6 11.3 11.9 13.3 12.2 11.6 10.1 10.8 10.3 9.3 7.4 7.9 8.3 8.3 8.6 8.6 9.0 8.5 8.9 9.8 9.8 10.5 10.8 11.0 10.2 11.0 10.9 10.3 9.5 9.2 8.7 8.4 7.0
Midwest 6.3 7.2 8.8 9.7 9.9 9.5 8.8 8.6 8.0 9.0 8.9 9.3 9.9 9.4 8.6 6.6 6.7 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.5 6.1 6.1 7.0 7.0 6.5 7.3 7.4 8.4 9.7 9.8 10.0 9.2 8.1 10.2 7.8 7.6 7.7 7.1 7.4 4.7 6.1
West 5.1 5.4 6.1 7.5 6.5 5.6 5.8 6.0 7.5 5.5 6.1 7.7 7.7 7.7 9.1 7.8 8.0 9.2 8.4 6.5 6.2 6.3 6.1 7.5 6.8 7.0 6.8 6.7 7.1 8.8 9.8 8.9 9.0 8.3 9.6 9.0 8.3 7.0 6.8 6.8 6.9 5.7
Children in married-couple families
Total 3.1 3.3 4.0 4.2 3.8 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.6 2.7 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.4 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.6 3.2 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.6 2.7 3.1 3.1 3.0 2.5 2.7 2.4 2.1 1.9
Ages 0–5 3.7 3.7 4.0 4.6 4.0 4.0 3.2 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.2 3.7 4.1 4.1 3.7 2.9 3.2 3.0 2.8 2.4 2.2 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.8 3.7 4.4 4.1 3.7 4.2 2.9 3.7 3.6 3.1 3.0 2.9 2.6 2.0 1.9
Ages 6–17 2.8 3.1 4.0 4.0 3.7 3.1 2.9 3.0 2.6 2.4 2.4 3.2 3.1 3.1 3.3 2.5 2.6 2.6 2.5 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.2 1.9 2.5 2.9 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.3 2.6 2.8 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.2 1.9
White, non-Hispanic 2.5 2.6 3.4 3.3 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.1 2.3 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.3 1.7 1.3 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.9 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.2 1.5 2.6 2.1 2.4 1.7 2.1 1.7 1.5 1.5
Black, non-Hispanic 4.2 7.1 7.7 7.3 7.4 5.2 4.0 5.5 6.5 4.3 3.9 5.9 7.4 6.7 5.6 2.5 3.3 4.4 3.0 3.2 2.9 3.3 2.5 4.0 3.7 4.5 2.8 4.3 4.4 5.7 5.7 5.1 5.8 5.6 2.1 4.0 4.2 3.4 3.4 4.0 3.4 2.4
Hispanic 6.2 5.3 5.7 7.4 7.8 7.4 7.5 7.8 6.9 5.7 6.7 7.9 8.5 7.1 9.2 8.6 6.6 7.5 5.4 4.9 4.5 4.9 5.2 5.3 3.8 5.2 4.7 5.5 6.2 7.5 7.5 6.4 6.0 5.2 4.8 5.4 4.4 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.1 2.7
Children in female-householder families, no husband present
Total 22.3 24.5 27.7 29.1 28.0 27.0 28.9 28.8 30.0 26.8 28.7 29.5 31.3 29.4 28.6 24.4 26.4 26.5 23.7 21.3 19.7 21.2 20.1 22.1 22.3 22.5 21.6 21.7 23.0 23.2 25.3 25.5 24.6 24.8 25.5 23.9 22.1 22.7 21.8 21.5 19.1 17.9
Ages 0–5 31.4 32.4 37.2 38.8 36.3 35.8 37.9 35.9 38.1 35.0 37.7 37.5 39.5 37.1 37.6 34.3 35.4 34.5 31.8 27.7 28.4 28.1 27.9 31.7 31.0 29.4 29.7 30.5 31.3 30.4 33.3 34.1 32.0 32.8 33.7 30.6 29.0 29.1 27.9 27.7 25.4 25.1
Ages 6–17 18.8 21.3 23.5 25.1 24.5 23.2 24.9 25.7 26.1 22.7 24.2 25.5 27.0 25.4 24.1 19.7 22.5 23.2 20.2 18.7 16.1 18.4 16.9 18.2 18.7 19.6 18.0 17.7 19.0 19.8 21.7 21.6 21.3 21.1 21.8 20.8 19.0 19.9 19.3 18.9 16.5 14.9
White, non-Hispanic 15.3 17.4 19.5 21.1 18.8 17.5 20.1 20.6 19.9 17.6 21.1 20.4 22.2 20.3 19.2 14.5 19.1 18.8 15.8 14.6 13.4 14.7 13.1 15.8 15.9 16.4 17.0 16.7 15.9 17.6 18.6 19.7 19.2 18.1 20.3 18.0 18.1 17.8 17.5 17.2 15.0 13.8
Black, non-Hispanic 31.0 34.4 38.0 38.6 37.5 38.0 40.5 38.3 39.0 36.5 37.1 40.0 41.5 39.7 36.5 32.6 32.4 31.0 28.3 25.7 23.9 26.5 24.6 27.4 27.2 26.5 26.1 25.6 27.0 26.1 28.2 28.1 27.1 29.0 26.7 27.5 23.1 27.1 24.3 22.9 20.7 18.7
Hispanic 24.7 24.8 30.2 34.4 36.2 31.1 30.5 32.6 38.9 31.9 33.1 31.4 32.4 31.5 36.3 33.1 34.1 36.0 33.4 27.1 26.0 26.9 27.3 25.7 28.3 29.1 23.4 25.2 28.8 28.0 31.5 31.1 29.6 28.7 30.5 28.1 25.9 24.6 25.5 25.8 22.0 21.1
Below 150% poverty
Total 29.9 32.4 34.1 34.8 32.7 32.3 31.1 30.7 30.3 30.2 31.4 32.8 33.4 34.0 33.1 32.2 31.9 30.6 29.5 28.6 26.7 27.5 27.9 28.6 28.2 28.2 28.6 29.3 30.5 32.0 33.4 34.0 33.3 32.1 33.2 32.5 31.4 28.9 28.9 28.8 27.3 24.7
Gender
Male 29.6 32.2 34.0 34.6 32.2 32.2 30.8 30.6 30.4 30.0 31.3 32.4 33.0 33.8 33.0 31.7 31.2 30.3 29.1 28.4 26.6 27.3 27.8 28.5 28.1 28.0 28.4 29.2 30.4 31.9 33.6 33.6 32.8 32.2 33.4 32.7 31.0 28.6 28.6 28.4 27.2 24.9
Female 30.3 32.7 34.2 35.0 33.2 32.3 31.4 30.7 30.2 30.5 31.6 33.3 33.7 34.3 33.2 32.7 32.5 30.8 29.9 28.8 26.8 27.6 28.0 28.8 28.4 28.3 28.8 29.5 30.6 32.2 33.3 34.3 33.9 32.1 33.1 32.4 31.8 29.2 29.2 29.2 27.4 24.4
Age
Ages 0–5 33.2 36.4 37.2 38.0 36.0 35.6 33.3 33.1 34.0 33.8 34.6 36.4 37.7 38.3 37.2 35.5 35.3 33.9 32.3 30.5 29.3 30.4 30.8 31.6 31.6 31.5 32.2 33.2 34.0 36.2 37.1 37.4 36.4 34.7 35.8 36.3 33.3 30.9 31.5 31.2 28.6 26.0
Ages 6–17 28.4 30.5 32.5 33.1 30.9 30.5 29.9 29.4 28.3 28.3 29.7 30.9 31.0 31.7 30.9 30.5 30.1 28.9 28.1 27.7 25.4 26.1 26.6 27.2 26.6 26.5 26.8 27.4 28.8 29.9 31.6 32.3 31.9 30.9 32.0 30.8 30.5 27.9 27.6 27.7 26.7 24.0
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 21.7 23.8 25.2 25.8 23.5 22.6 21.6 20.6 20.2 20.2 21.4 22.2 22.3 22.4 21.8 20.1 20.2 19.6 18.2 17.6 16.4 17.4 17.3 17.6 17.5 17.2 17.7 17.8 19.0 19.8 20.5 21.5 20.7 19.1 21.9 20.7 20.2 18.5 18.4 17.9 16.2 15.1
Black, non-Hispanic 57.3 61.6 63.1 62.1 61.2 59.5 57.4 57.8 57.0 57.7 57.8 59.9 60.0 61.1 57.9 56.5 55.7 51.5 52.0 48.2 45.4 45.4 47.6 48.4 48.0 48.7 47.7 48.6 50.6 51.0 54.0 52.0 51.4 54.2 48.5 50.8 48.5 45.1 44.7 45.9 45.1 40.9
Hispanic 52.7 54.4 57.0 57.5 55.5 57.8 56.0 55.9 54.4 54.4 56.0 58.6 58.3 60.2 58.8 59.4 57.6 55.8 53.0 49.5 47.3 46.6 47.3 48.4 47.0 45.9 45.9 47.8 47.7 50.0 51.7 52.4 51.9 48.9 51.5 48.7 46.8 43.1 41.8 41.5 41.4 36.9
Regionf
Northeast 27.0 30.1 31.6 31.3 30.7 28.1 25.1 25.3 25.0 24.3 26.7 28.1 28.8 29.1 29.0 28.8 29.4 28.3 27.5 26.4 23.4 24.5 25.2 24.5 23.4 24.9 24.6 26.0 26.0 27.3 27.5 29.2 30.2 29.4 27.4 27.5 27.8 25.3 26.9 27.3 23.5 21.0
South 35.8 37.9 39.2 38.5 36.7 36.7 35.6 34.6 35.1 35.0 36.0 36.8 37.7 38.7 35.9 35.8 35.1 34.2 31.7 31.0 29.5 31.0 31.1 32.3 31.3 31.2 31.6 32.8 33.6 34.2 36.9 36.0 36.1 35.4 36.4 35.9 34.9 32.0 31.3 31.7 30.3 27.4
Midwest 26.0 28.1 30.5 32.0 30.5 31.0 29.1 28.9 27.0 27.3 28.7 30.1 30.3 30.3 29.5 26.8 25.9 24.1 24.6 23.6 21.8 22.8 23.0 24.5 25.6 25.0 26.5 26.3 28.7 30.5 31.1 31.5 30.6 28.0 31.5 29.8 28.2 26.3 26.1 25.9 25.0 23.7
West 27.9 31.2 32.5 35.4 30.6 30.4 31.6 30.9 30.9 31.3 31.4 34.0 33.8 35.0 35.9 35.0 35.1 33.5 32.8 31.7 29.3 28.4 29.8 29.8 29.5 28.8 28.7 29.0 30.5 33.4 34.2 36.1 33.5 32.5 33.7 33.0 31.0 28.5 28.6 27.6 27.0 23.5
Children in married-couple families
Total 20.6 22.9 24.4 25.2 22.6 22.2 20.4 19.8 19.2 19.3 20.1 21.0 21.3 21.9 20.7 20.0 19.8 18.6 17.9 17.6 16.2 16.8 17.6 17.7 17.4 17.0 17.2 17.5 18.9 20.2 21.0 21.3 20.5 19.3 19.9 20.1 18.8 16.8 17.3 17.0 16.4 14.2
Ages 0–5 23.7 26.8 27.5 28.2 26.0 25.7 22.3 22.0 22.5 22.0 22.2 23.8 24.1 24.9 23.4 21.3 22.3 21.4 20.0 18.9 17.8 19.2 20.1 19.9 20.0 19.8 19.7 19.6 21.3 23.6 23.3 23.2 22.3 20.7 21.6 22.4 19.7 18.1 19.1 18.7 17.1 14.3
Ages 6–17 19.1 20.9 22.8 23.7 20.7 20.3 19.3 18.6 17.3 17.7 18.8 19.4 19.8 20.3 19.3 19.2 18.6 17.2 16.9 17.0 15.5 15.6 16.3 16.5 16.0 15.6 15.9 16.4 17.6 18.3 19.8 20.3 19.7 18.6 19.0 19.0 18.4 16.2 16.4 16.1 16.0 14.2
White, non-Hispanic 16.5 18.4 20.0 20.3 18.0 17.1 15.6 14.5 14.0 13.9 14.7 15.3 15.3 15.4 14.9 13.4 13.0 11.9 11.3 11.2 10.0 10.6 11.0 11.0 10.4 10.0 10.3 10.3 11.7 12.1 12.9 13.1 12.6 11.2 13.3 12.7 12.2 10.5 11.3 10.7 9.6 8.9
Black, non-Hispanic 34.6 39.8 41.4 41.2 37.8 37.1 31.4 31.6 29.9 32.7 31.6 31.7 32.4 34.4 28.3 25.3 28.0 23.9 26.2 20.7 20.0 20.5 23.7 21.8 22.6 22.9 22.2 20.3 23.0 26.0 27.0 26.3 24.3 29.0 22.4 26.2 21.1 19.4 19.9 21.8 21.8 16.4
Hispanic 43.4 44.3 46.5 48.2 45.7 47.3 46.6 46.3 44.5 45.3 46.6 49.8 49.2 51.3 48.6 49.8 48.2 46.8 43.6 41.0 39.4 38.7 39.9 40.9 39.6 38.5 37.4 38.9 38.6 41.1 42.3 42.6 41.6 38.0 39.5 38.3 36.7 33.3 31.1 30.4 31.9 28.0
Children in female-householder families, no husband present
Total 66.7 69.0 70.8 70.0 68.6 68.1 68.2 67.7 67.9 66.7 67.6 69.2 68.8 68.5 67.7 65.7 65.2 64.7 62.1 60.6 57.6 57.8 56.8 58.2 58.0 58.9 59.6 60.5 61.6 61.4 63.2 63.6 63.5 63.8 62.7 62.1 60.1 58.2 58.0 58.5 55.0 52.5
Ages 0–5 79.1 80.5 78.8 79.4 77.4 77.4 76.9 76.9 77.0 75.5 77.1 77.6 79.0 77.4 77.9 75.3 74.7 74.9 71.0 68.4 67.2 66.6 65.2 68.2 68.0 68.8 69.6 71.2 70.8 70.3 72.9 72.5 71.5 71.2 69.1 70.1 67.6 66.0 66.6 67.1 63.6 63.0
Ages 6–17 62.0 64.4 67.3 66.1 64.8 64.1 64.2 63.7 63.6 62.4 62.9 64.9 63.5 63.9 62.5 61.0 61.0 60.4 58.2 57.4 53.7 54.2 53.3 54.1 53.8 54.7 55.2 55.6 57.2 57.2 58.9 59.5 59.9 60.4 59.9 58.5 56.7 55.0 54.4 55.0 52.2 48.2
White, non-Hispanic 53.6 55.5 57.7 58.2 55.6 54.4 55.7 54.5 54.4 54.5 56.1 56.0 56.3 55.2 54.0 50.1 51.7 53.5 48.9 46.7 45.1 47.2 45.5 46.4 47.3 47.8 49.1 49.3 50.2 49.9 50.1 52.3 52.6 51.2 53.4 52.0 49.8 49.3 47.4 47.2 44.8 41.3
Black, non-Hispanic 79.9 84.1 83.3 80.7 80.6 79.6 80.0 79.4 79.0 76.6 77.4 80.9 79.3 79.5 77.9 76.2 74.9 72.0 71.1 71.0 66.1 65.6 64.6 66.9 66.1 66.9 67.4 67.7 69.8 68.1 70.4 69.4 69.6 72.0 66.8 66.8 65.1 63.3 63.2 64.1 63.6 59.9
Hispanic 80.7 82.4 86.0 84.5 83.1 84.8 79.9 81.3 81.2 79.4 80.8 81.2 80.0 80.7 81.9 81.7 80.7 77.8 76.2 71.3 70.3 66.7 66.6 68.3 68.0 67.4 67.3 70.0 70.4 69.8 72.9 73.6 72.0 71.0 69.9 70.6 67.8 64.4 65.4 65.8 61.2 57.6
Below 200% poverty
Total 42.3 45.1 46.5 46.7 44.6 43.5 42.2 41.1 41.1 40.8 42.4 44.0 44.3 45.0 43.9 43.3 43.2 41.3 40.1 39.2 37.5 38.2 38.3 39.1 39.3 38.9 39.0 39.2 40.6 42.2 43.7 44.3 43.8 42.6 43.2 42.9 41.8 39.1 38.8 38.8 37.6 34.5
Gender
Male 42.3 45.0 46.4 46.6 44.4 43.2 41.6 41.1 41.3 40.5 42.5 43.8 43.9 44.7 43.6 43.1 42.7 40.8 39.8 39.7 37.5 38.1 38.3 38.8 39.0 38.6 38.8 39.1 40.4 41.9 43.7 44.1 43.3 42.4 43.0 43.3 41.4 38.9 38.2 38.0 37.5 34.8
Female 42.4 45.3 46.6 46.9 44.7 43.7 42.8 41.0 40.8 41.1 42.3 44.3 44.7 45.2 44.3 43.5 43.8 41.9 40.5 38.7 37.6 38.2 38.2 39.5 39.6 39.3 39.2 39.3 40.8 42.6 43.6 44.5 44.2 42.8 43.4 42.4 42.1 39.2 39.3 39.5 37.8 34.1
Age
Ages 0–5 46.8 50.0 51.0 50.9 48.3 47.1 45.3 44.1 45.3 44.6 46.0 47.5 48.4 49.6 48.1 46.7 46.7 45.0 43.2 41.9 41.0 41.7 41.5 42.2 42.6 42.4 42.9 42.9 44.0 46.2 47.4 47.9 47.0 45.5 45.9 46.4 44.2 41.2 41.2 41.1 39.3 35.6
Ages 6–17 40.3 42.8 44.2 44.7 42.6 41.6 40.5 39.5 38.8 38.7 40.5 42.1 42.1 42.5 41.7 41.5 41.5 39.5 38.6 37.9 35.9 36.5 36.7 37.6 37.6 37.3 37.1 37.3 38.8 40.2 41.9 42.6 42.2 41.2 41.9 41.2 40.6 38.0 37.6 37.6 36.9 33.9
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 33.8 36.6 37.7 38.0 35.3 33.6 32.6 30.9 31.0 30.4 32.3 33.3 32.9 33.0 32.4 30.5 30.8 29.5 27.7 26.6 25.5 26.7 26.0 26.4 26.8 26.2 26.3 26.2 27.3 28.7 29.1 30.4 30.0 28.5 30.4 29.2 28.9 26.9 26.7 26.0 24.5 22.8
Black, non-Hispanic 70.1 72.9 74.3 73.1 72.5 70.9 68.2 68.1 67.1 68.1 68.1 69.9 71.0 72.1 68.5 68.0 67.8 63.8 64.1 60.6 58.9 57.0 59.1 61.2 60.6 61.2 59.8 60.1 61.0 62.5 65.1 62.8 62.1 63.6 60.0 62.4 60.0 57.6 57.4 57.6 56.8 51.9
Hispanic 67.2 68.5 71.2 70.9 69.1 70.3 68.7 68.1 66.3 67.2 69.5 72.0 71.0 72.9 72.0 72.9 72.0 69.3 66.7 64.3 62.6 61.5 62.0 62.6 62.2 60.7 61.0 60.8 62.0 63.0 64.8 65.6 65.0 62.5 63.8 62.3 60.8 56.1 53.9 54.6 55.5 51.1
Regionf
Northeast 39.1 41.7 42.4 43.3 40.7 37.5 35.1 34.1 33.5 34.0 36.3 38.2 38.6 38.8 37.6 38.2 38.7 37.5 37.2 35.5 33.0 33.6 33.8 34.3 32.6 33.9 34.1 35.1 34.3 36.7 35.9 37.8 38.8 37.5 37.5 36.7 36.0 35.2 36.4 36.5 32.5 29.1
South 47.8 50.3 52.0 51.0 50.0 48.6 46.5 45.5 46.2 46.3 47.7 48.6 49.0 50.1 47.6 48.4 47.8 45.5 43.3 42.6 41.6 42.4 42.3 43.5 42.7 42.5 42.4 42.6 44.3 45.2 47.4 46.8 46.6 45.8 46.3 46.9 45.0 42.1 41.3 41.7 41.8 38.2
Midwest 39.1 41.7 42.6 43.8 42.0 42.5 40.3 39.4 38.0 37.9 39.6 41.4 41.6 41.2 40.5 36.9 36.7 35.6 33.9 33.3 31.2 32.5 33.4 34.2 36.3 35.3 35.9 36.4 38.4 40.2 41.2 42.0 41.3 38.8 40.6 39.3 39.3 36.6 35.8 35.9 33.8 32.5
West 40.5 44.3 46.3 46.8 42.6 41.7 43.8 41.9 42.9 41.4 42.7 44.8 44.7 46.2 47.1 46.1 46.6 43.9 44.1 42.8 40.5 40.0 40.2 40.6 41.6 40.5 40.1 39.4 41.1 43.3 45.5 46.8 44.9 44.4 44.6 43.8 42.7 38.9 38.7 38.0 37.7 33.6
Children in married-couple families
Total 33.2 35.9 37.5 37.6 34.9 33.9 31.8 30.4 30.3 29.9 31.4 32.6 32.3 32.9 31.6 31.1 31.0 29.0 28.0 27.8 26.4 26.7 26.9 27.3 27.4 27.0 26.7 26.3 28.4 30.0 30.8 30.7 30.2 29.3 28.7 29.5 28.3 26.0 26.1 25.8 25.4 22.8
Ages 0–5 38.1 41.4 42.4 42.2 39.2 38.1 34.9 33.6 34.5 33.5 34.5 35.5 35.4 36.6 34.7 33.2 34.0 32.6 30.7 29.8 29.2 30.1 30.3 30.3 30.5 30.2 30.1 29.0 31.3 33.7 33.4 33.4 32.5 31.3 31.0 32.2 29.8 27.5 28.3 28.0 26.7 23.3
Ages 6–17 30.8 33.1 34.9 35.1 32.5 31.6 30.1 28.7 28.0 27.9 29.6 30.9 30.5 30.9 29.9 29.9 29.5 27.0 26.6 26.8 25.1 25.0 25.2 25.7 25.8 25.4 24.9 25.0 26.9 28.0 29.4 29.3 29.1 28.3 27.6 28.2 27.6 25.3 25.0 24.7 24.7 22.5
White, non-Hispanic 28.3 30.8 32.5 32.4 29.6 27.8 26.5 24.4 24.6 23.6 25.4 26.0 25.3 25.4 24.8 23.3 22.8 20.9 19.6 19.3 18.2 18.8 18.5 18.6 18.4 18.1 17.7 17.4 19.0 20.3 20.5 20.8 20.4 19.5 20.1 19.9 20.0 17.6 18.3 17.4 16.6 15.7
Black, non-Hispanic 50.9 55.6 57.0 55.0 53.0 52.5 45.7 46.1 43.8 46.3 44.7 46.0 46.7 49.5 42.0 38.3 42.3 37.0 39.2 35.1 35.3 32.1 34.3 35.7 35.5 35.3 34.1 32.3 34.1 38.6 40.4 36.0 36.3 38.9 31.7 37.0 30.8 31.3 32.9 32.6 31.9 25.2
Hispanic 60.5 60.5 63.6 64.3 61.4 62.8 60.5 59.9 58.4 60.2 62.1 65.6 63.8 65.5 64.0 66.0 65.1 62.6 59.5 57.4 55.5 54.1 55.7 55.8 55.7 54.1 53.3 52.2 54.4 55.1 56.0 56.3 56.0 53.1 53.5 52.8 51.3 47.1 43.4 43.9 45.6 41.9
Children in female-householder families, no husband present
Total 78.2 80.3 80.6 80.9 79.3 77.4 78.0 77.2 77.0 77.0 77.6 78.1 79.1 78.7 78.1 76.4 76.7 75.7 73.3 72.5 69.7 70.3 69.1 70.4 71.0 71.2 71.7 72.1 72.3 72.5 73.9 75.5 74.7 74.8 74.5 74.3 72.1 69.8 70.2 70.8 68.4 65.2
Ages 0–5 87.9 89.1 87.4 87.5 85.9 84.5 86.1 85.4 84.8 83.8 85.4 85.4 87.0 86.5 87.0 84.3 84.2 83.7 80.3 80.4 78.6 78.6 76.1 78.4 79.0 80.2 80.3 80.7 79.3 79.4 82.4 82.4 81.8 80.6 79.6 80.5 79.1 77.2 77.6 78.0 75.8 73.6
Ages 6–17 74.5 76.9 77.7 78.1 76.4 74.4 74.4 73.5 73.3 73.6 73.7 74.4 75.0 74.7 73.7 72.5 73.3 72.4 70.3 69.3 66.0 66.9 66.2 67.1 67.6 67.4 67.9 68.2 69.0 69.3 70.1 72.3 71.6 72.1 72.3 71.5 69.0 66.7 67.1 67.8 65.3 61.7
White, non-Hispanic 67.8 70.8 70.2 72.2 68.8 66.6 67.5 66.5 66.2 67.2 68.0 67.3 68.9 67.8 67.5 62.6 65.4 65.6 61.9 60.1 57.1 60.5 58.8 59.4 60.9 60.2 61.6 61.5 61.3 60.9 62.0 65.3 66.3 64.6 66.8 64.8 61.6 60.2 59.5 59.3 57.6 52.6
Black, non-Hispanic 89.1 90.8 90.5 89.2 88.9 87.1 87.8 86.3 86.0 84.7 85.7 87.7 87.8 87.5 85.7 86.9 85.0 83.0 82.0 81.7 78.4 76.7 75.9 78.6 78.9 78.8 78.9 79.0 79.5 79.3 80.1 80.2 78.9 80.8 79.4 78.8 77.5 75.7 75.9 76.5 75.7 72.1
Hispanic 87.3 90.5 92.6 90.1 91.0 89.9 88.8 89.3 87.0 87.3 89.1 87.7 87.5 89.4 90.2 88.6 89.1 86.3 83.9 82.4 82.5 80.4 78.9 80.5 80.2 80.6 80.1 81.3 80.6 81.0 83.5 84.8 82.4 81.2 79.0 82.2 79.7 75.9 77.8 78.4 75.5 72.6
a The 2014 Current Population Survey (CPS) Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) included redesigned questions for income and health insurance coverage. All of the approximately 98,000 addresses were eligible to receive the redesigned set of health insurance coverage questions. The redesigned income questions were implemented to a subsample of these 98,000 addresses using a probability split panel design. Approximately 68,000 addresses were eligible to receive a set of income questions similar to those used in the 2013 CPS ASEC, and the remaining 30,000 addresses were eligible to receive the redesigned income questions. The source of these 2013 estimates is the portion of the CPS ASEC sample that received the income questions consistent with the 2013 CPS ASEC, approximately 68,000 addresses.
b The source of these 2013 estimates is the portion of the CPS ASEC sample that received the redesigned income questions, approximately 30,000 addresses.
c Implementation of an updated CPS ASEC processing system. For more information, see technical documentation at https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/demo/datasets/income-poverty/time-series/data-extracts/2018/cps-asec-bridge-file/2018-asec-bridge-file-documentation.pdf and information on the updated processing system at https://www.census.gov/data/datasets/time-series/demo/income-poverty/cps-asec-design.html.
d These data were collected during the global pandemic of 2020. While the U.S. Census Bureau went to great lengths to continue to complete interviews by telephone, the response rate for the survey was negatively impacted. The Census Bureau creates weights designed to adjust for nonresponse, but non-respondents in 2020 are less similar to respondents than in earlier years. Of particular interest, respondents in 2020 had relatively higher income and were more educated than non-respondents. For possible effects on these estimates, please see https://www.census.gov/newsroom/blogs/research-matters/2020/09/pandemic-affect-survey-response.html.
e For 2001 and earlier years, the CPS allowed respondents to report only one race group. The reference race groups for 2001 and earlier include White, non-Hispanic White, Black, and Asian or Pacific Islander. For 2002 onward, the CPS allowed respondents to select one or more race categories. All race groups shown in this table from 2002 onward refer to people who indicated only one race among the categories presented. The use of this single-race population does not imply that it is the preferred method of presenting or analyzing data. The Census Bureau uses a variety of approaches. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
f Regions: Northeast includes CT, MA, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, and VT. South includes AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, and WV. Midwest includes IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, and WI. West includes AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, and WY.
NOTE: The proportion of children in male-householder families (no spouse present) historically has been small. Select data for this group are available in detailed tables at https://www.census.gov/topics/income-poverty/poverty.html. Data for 2010 onward use the 2010 Census-based population controls. The 2004 data were revised to reflect a correction to the weights in the 2005 CPS ASEC. Data for 2000 to 2009 use the 2000 Census-based population controls. Data for 2000 onward reflect an expanded CPS sample. The poverty level is based on money income and does not include noncash benefits, such as food stamps. Poverty thresholds reflect family size and composition and are adjusted each year using the annual average Consumer Price Index. In 2019, the poverty threshold for a two-parent, two-child family was $25,926. The levels shown here are derived from the ratio of the family's income to the family's poverty threshold. For more detail, see U.S. Census Bureau, Series P–60, No. 270, https://census.gov/library/publications/2020/demo/p60-270.html. For more information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see https://www2.census.gov/programs-surveys/cps/techdocs/cpsmar20.pdf. The Census Bureau reviewed this data product for unauthorized disclosure of confidential information and has approved the disclosure avoidance practices applied to this release (CDDRB-FY21-POP001-0097).
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.