The use of contraception can play a role in preventing the spread of sexually transmitted infections and the occurrence of unintended pregnancies. Births to young adult women under age 25 are more likely to be unintended than births to women age 25 and older. Compared with intended births, unintended births more often result in poorer outcomes for the health and economic well-being of mothers and children.33, 34, 36
NOTE: Current contraception refers to the method used in the month of the interview. Other hormonal use includes use of contraceptive implants, injectables, patches, and rings. Dual use refers to concurrent use of a hormonal method and condoms. Women are at risk of unintended pregnancy if they are either currently using contraception or have had intercourse in the last three months among those who were not currently pregnant, postpartum, trying to get pregnant, or sterile for non-contraceptive reasons. Contraceptive methods shown in the figure are not mutually exclusive.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Survey of Family Growth.
33 McLanahan, S. (1995). The consequences of nonmarital childbearing for women, children, and society. In National Center for Health Statistics, Report to Congress on Out-of-Wedlock Childbearing. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
34 McLanahan, S., et al. (2010). Strengthening fragile families. The future of children policy brief. Princeton, NJ: Brookings Institution.
36 Copen, C.E., Daniels, K., and Mosher, W.D. (2013). First premarital cohabitation in the United States: 2006–2010 National Survey of Family Growth. National Health Statistics Reports, 64. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.