PHY7.A Child injury and mortality: Emergency department visit rates for children ages 1–14 by leading causes of injury visits, 2000–2001 through 2017–2018

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(Emergency department visits per 1,000 children ages 1–4 and ages 5–14)
Characteristic 2000–2001 2002–2003 2004–2005 2006–2007 2008–2009 2010–2011 2012–2013 2014–2015 2017–2018a
Ages 1–4
All injury visitsb 155.8 143.53 161.8 139.5 153.7 164.0 142.7 143.4 158.3
All initial injury visitsc 134.38 152.8 127.0 140.9 151.2 129.4 134.6 156.6
Leading causes of injury visitsd
Cut or pierced from instrument or object 9.1 5.6 6.7 6.0 4.9 7.7 5.8 8.3
Fall 46.9 40.8 58.5 47.1 57.3 64.2 47.7 50.5 64.8
Motor vehicle traffic 7.4 6.6 6.8 7.2 5.1 7.5 4.2 5.5
Natural or environmental factorse 11.0 9.6 11.4 8.0 11.3 10.3 8.7 11.1 12.9
Overexertion 3.4 1.5 3.1 2.8 3.9
Poisoning 6.9 5.4 9.7 5.5 6.3 7.1 4.0 6.8
Struck by/against an object or person 30.5 24.7 17.5 15.9 17.7 17.4 17.3 18.8 17.9
Ages 5–14
All injury visitsb 123.0 116.6 120.8 103.7 115.4 114.3 104.3 118.2 113.3
All initial injury visitsc 109.5 114.7 93.0 104.1 105.7 92.4 113.1 111.4
Leading causes of injury visitsd
Cut or pierced from instrument or object 7.9 7.3 7.1 5.7 6.3 4.7 6.1 7.0 7.1
Fall 30.3 24.8 29.9 25.6 29.8 31.5 24.0 35.6 32.8
Motor vehicle traffic 10.4 6.8 9.0 6.9 6.2 6.3 5.3 5.9 6.8
Natural or environmental factorse 6.7 6.4 7.6 5.2 6.4 6.2 6.9 10.2 5.8
Overexertion 2.5 3.8 4.1 4.4 5.2 5.2 4.7 4.7 4.5
Poisoning 1.7 1.4 1.9 1.7 1.1 1.7 2.5
Struck by/against an object or person 29.8 28.4 22.1 18.2 20.0 20.9 18.1 20.3 23.6
— Not available.
‡ Reporting standards not met; estimate is considered unreliable.
a Due to a change in national medical data coding standards in 2015, from the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) to the ICD-10-CM, the definition for injuries and injury subcategories changed for the 2016 reporting period and beyond. Results from 2016 and subsequent years should not be compared with previous reporting periods. Any observed changes in trends across this transition period should not be considered. Additional information regarding injury definitions and categorization of injuries by mechanism and intent of injury is available at https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/injury/injury_tools.htm.
b During 2000–2015, an injury-related emergency department visit was identified by the presence of a valid first-listed injury diagnosis or an external cause-of-injury code. Starting in 2016, an injury-related emergency department visit was identified by the presence of a valid injury diagnosis or an external cause-of-injury code in any field.
c Data for 2000–2001 are for all injury visits. Starting in 2002–2003, data are for initial visits only. Initial visit status was imputed for 2005 and 2006. Starting in 2016, initial visit status was determined using the seventh digit of the first-listed external cause of injury code, indicating initial encounter. In 2017–2018, 99% of injury-related emergency department visits among children ages 1–4 and 98% of injury-related emergency department visits among children ages 5–14 were an initial visit.
d Cases were categorized by cause of injury based on the first valid external cause-of-injury code.
e Insect or animal bites accounted for the majority of emergency department visits caused by natural or environmental factors.
NOTE: Rates are average annual.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey.

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