ECON1.C Supplemental poverty measure: Percentage of children ages 0–17 living in poverty by race and Hispanic origin and type of poverty measure, 2019a

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Characteristic Official poverty measure Supplemental poverty measure
Total 14.4 12.5
Race and Hispanic origina
Race and Hispanic originb
White, Non-Hispanic 8.4 7.0
Black, Non-Hispanic 26.8 19.5
Asian, Non-Hispanic 7.3 9.6
Hispanic (of any race) 20.8 20.2
a Estimates include unrelated individuals under age 15.
b The term "White, non-Hispanic" is used to refer to people who reported being White and no other race and who are not Hispanic. The term "Black, non-Hispanic" is used to refer to people who reported being Black or African American and no other race and who are not Hispanic, and the term "Asian, non-Hispanic" is used to refer to people who reported only Asian as their race and who are not Hispanic. The use of single-race populations in this table does not imply that this is the preferred method of presenting or analyzing data. The U.S. Census Bureau uses a variety of approaches. From 1980 to 2002, following the 1977 U.S. Office of Management and Budget standards for collecting and presenting data on race, the Current Population Survey (CPS) asked respondents to choose one race from the following: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. An "Other" category also was offered. Beginning in 2003, the CPS allowed respondents to select one or more race categories. People who reported only one race are referred to as the race-alone population. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
NOTE: Data for 2019 reflect the CPS Annual Social and Economic Supplement administered from February to April 2020. These data were collected during the global pandemic of 2020. While the Census Bureau went to great lengths to continue to complete interviews by telephone, the response rate for the survey was negatively impacted. The Census Bureau creates weights designed to adjust for nonresponse, but non-respondents in 2020 are less similar to respondents than in earlier years. Of particular interest, respondents in 2020 had relatively higher income and were more educated than non-respondents. For possible effects on these estimates, please see For more information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, and definitions, see technical documentation at These data refer to the civilian noninstitutionalized population. For more information about the supplemental poverty measure, see Fox, L.(2020). The supplemental poverty measure: 2019. (P60-272). U.S. Census Bureau. This table meets all of the U.S. Census Bureau's Disclosure Review Board (DRB) standards and has been assigned DRB approval numbers CBDRB-FY19-ROSS-B0162 and CBDRB-FY19-ROSS-B0099. The views expressed in this research, including those related to statistical, methodological, technical, or operational issues, are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official positions or policies of the U.S. Census Bureau or the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. The author accepts responsibility for all errors. This presentation is released to inform interested parties of ongoing research and to encourage discussion of work in progress. This presentation reports the results of research and analysis undertaken by U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics staff. It has undergone more limited review than official publications. Do not cite or distribute without author permission.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

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