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America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2016

List of Figures

open Population
Figure POP1.Number of children ages 0–17 in the United States, 1950–2015 and projected 2016–2050
Figure POP2.Children ages 0–17 and adults ages 65 and older as a percentage of the U.S. population, 1950–2015 and projected 2016–2050
open Family and Social Environment
Figure FAM1.A.Percentage of children ages 0–17 by presence of parents in household, 1980–2015
Figure FAM1.B.Percentage of children ages 0–17 living in various family arrangements, 2015
Figure FAM2.A.Birth rates for unmarried women by age of mother, 1980–2014
Figure FAM2.B.Percentage of all births to unmarried women by age of mother, 1980 and 2014
Figure FAM3.A.Primary child care arrangements for children ages 0–4 with employed mothers, selected years 1985–2011
Figure FAM3.B.Percentage of children ages 3–6, not yet in kindergarten, in center-based care arrangements by poverty level, selected years 1995–2012
Figure FAM3.C.Child care arrangements for grade school children ages 5–14 with employed mothers, 2011
Figure FAM4.Percentage of children ages 0–17 by nativity of child and parents, selected years 1994–2014
Figure FAM5.Percentage of children ages 5–17 who speak a language other than English at home and who have difficulty speaking English, selected years 1979–2014
Figure FAM7.Rate of substantiated maltreatment reports of children ages 0–17 by age, 1998–2014
open Economic Circumstances
Figure ECON1.B.Percentage of children ages 0–17 by family income relative to the poverty line, 1980–2014
Figure ECON2.Percentage of children ages 0–17 living with at least one parent employed year round, full time by family structure, 1980–2014
Figure ECON3.Percentage of children ages 0–17 in food-insecure households by poverty status, selected years 1995–2014
open Health Care
Figure HC1.Percentage of children ages 0–17 by health insurance coverage at the time of interview, 1993–2014
Figure HC2.Percentage of children ages 0–17 with no usual source of health care by type of health insurance, 1993–2014
Figure HC3.A.Estimated vaccination coverage of children ages 19–35 months with the 4:3:1:3:3:1 and 4:3:1:3*:3:1:4 combined series of vaccinations by poverty status, 2002–2014
Figure HC3.B.Estimated vaccination coverage of adolescents ages 13–17 with selected vaccines and doses, 2006–2014
Figure HC4.A.Percentage of children ages 5–17 with a dental visit in the past year by age and poverty status, 1999–2014
Figure HC4.B.Percentage of children ages 2–4 with a dental visit in the past year by age and poverty status, 1999–2014
Figure HC4.C.Percentage of children ages 5–17 with untreated dental caries (cavities) by age and poverty status, 1988–1994, 1999–2004, 2005–2008, 2009–2010, and 2011–2012
open Physical Environment and Safety
Figure PHY1.Percentage of children ages 0–17 living in counties with pollutant concentrations above the levels of the current air quality standards, 1999–2014
Figure PHY2.A.Percentage of children ages 4–11 with specified blood cotinine levels, selected years 1988–2012
Figure PHY2.B.Percentage of children ages 0–6 living in homes where someone smoked
Figure PHY3.Percentage of children served by community water systems that did not meet all applicable health-based drinking water standards, 1993–2014
Figure PHY4.A.Percentage of children ages 1–5 with blood lead levels at or above 5 µg/dL, 1988–1994, 1999–2002, 2003–2006, 2007–2010 and 2011–2014
Figure PHY5.Percentage of households with children ages 0–17 that reported housing problems by type of problem, selected years 1978–2013
Figure PHY6.Rate of serious violent crime victimization of youth ages 12–17 by gender, 1980–2014
Figure PHY7.A.Emergency department visit rates for children ages 1–4 and 5–14 by leading causes of injury, 2009–2010
Figure PHY7.B.Death rates among children ages 1–14 by all causes, all injury causes, and age group, 1980–2014
Figure PHY7.C.Death rates among children ages 1–4 and 5–14 by cause of death, 2014 * Not a cause of death for children ages 1–4.
Figure PHY8.A.Emergency department visit rates for adolescents ages 15–19 by leading causes of injury, 2009–2010
Figure PHY8.B.Death rates among adolescents ages 15–19 by all causes and all injury causes and selected mechanisms of injury, 1980–2014
open Behavior
Figure BEH1.Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported smoking cigarettes daily in the past 30 days by grade, 1980–2015
Figure BEH2.Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported having five or more alcoholic beverages in a row in the past two weeks by grade, 1980–2015
Figure BEH3.Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported using any illicit drugs in the past 30 days by grade, 1980–2015
Figure BEH4.Percentage of high school students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse by gender and selected grades, selected years 1991–2013
Figure BEH5.Rate of serious violent crimes by youth perpetrators ages 12–17, 1980–2014
open Education
Figure ED1.Percentage of children ages 3–5 who were read to three or more times in the last week by a family member by mother's education, selected years 1993–2012
Figure ED2.A.Average mathematics scale scores for students in grades 4, 8, and 12, selected years 1990–2015
Figure ED2.B.Average mathematics scale scores for students in grade 12 by race and Hispanic origin, 2005, 2009, and 2013
Figure ED2.C.Average reading scale scores for students in grades 4, 8, and 12, selected years 1992–2015
Figure ED3.Percentage of high school graduates who had completed selected coursework in mathematics, science, and foreign language, selected years 1982–2009
open Health
Figure HEALTH1.A.Percentage of infants born preterm and percentage of infants born with low birthweight, 1990–2014
Figure HEALTH1.B.Percentage of infants born with low birthweight by race and Hispanic origin of mother, 1990, 2006, and 2014
Figure HEALTH3.Percentage of children ages 4–17 reported by a parent to have serious emotional or behavioral difficulties by gender, 2001–2014
Figure HEALTH4.Percentage of youth ages 12–17 who experienced a Major Depressive Episode (MDE) in the past year by age and gender, 2004–2014
Figure HEALTH5.Percentage of children ages 5–17 with activity limitation resulting from one or more chronic health conditions by gender, 2000–2014
Figure HEALTH6.Mean Healthy Eating Index-2010 total and component scores for children ages 2–17, 2007–08, 2009–10 and 2011–12
Figure HEALTH8.Percentage of children ages 0–17 with asthma, 1997–2014