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America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2016

Health Care Figures

Figure 9: Percentage of children ages 0–17 by race and Hispanic origin and health insurance coverage at the time of interview, 2000–2014
Percentage of children ages 0–17 by race and Hispanic origin and health insurance coverage at the time of interview, 2000–2014

NOTE: Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected and combined for reporting according to 1997 Office of Management and Budget Standards for Data on Race and Ethnicity. A small percentage of children have coverage other than private or public health insurance.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.

Figure 10: Percentage of children ages 19–35 months vaccinated with combined seven-vaccine series by race and Hispanic origin, 2009–2014
Percentage of children ages 19–35 months vaccinated with combined seven-vaccine series by race and Hispanic origin, 2009–2014

NOTE: The 4:3:1:3*:3:1:4 combined series consists of four doses (or more) of diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, and pertussis (DTP) vaccines, diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DT), or diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, and any acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccines; three doses (or more) of poliovirus vaccines; one dose (or more) of any measles-containing vaccine; the full series of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine (three or four doses, depending on product type); three doses (or more) of hepatitis B vaccines; one dose (or more) of varicella vaccine; and four doses (or more) of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). The recommended immunization schedule for children is available at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html. Estimating coverage estimates for this series began in 2009 and is part of the Healthy People 2020 objectives. The 2009 series estimates were affected by a temporary Hib vaccine shortage and the resulting interim Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendation to defer the Hib booster dose for healthy children during December 2007 to June 2009, a time when most children ages 19–35 months in the 2009 National Immunization Survey would have received the Hib booster dose. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately and combined for reporting according to 1997 Office of Management and Budget Standards for Data on Race and Ethnicity.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases and National Center for Health Statistics, National Immunization Survey.

Figure 11: Percentage of children and adolescents ages 5–17 with a dental visit in the past year by age and race and Hispanic origin, 1999–2000 and 2013–2014
Percentage of children and adolescents ages 5–17 with a dental visit in the past year by age and race and Hispanic origin, 1999–2000 and 2013–2014

NOTE: In 1999–2000, children were identified as having a dental visit in the past year by asking respondents, "About how long has it been since your child last saw or talked to a dentist?" In 2013–2014, the question was "About how long has it been since your child last saw a dentist?" Respondents were instructed to include all types of dentists, such as orthodontists, oral surgeons, and all other dental specialists, as well as dental hygienists. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected and combined for reporting according to 1997 Office of Management and Budget Standards for Data on Race and Ethnicity.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.

Figure HC1: Percentage of children ages 0–17 by health insurance coverage at the time of interview, 1993–2014
Percentage of children ages 0–17 by health insurance coverage at the time of interview, 1993–2014

NOTE: A child was considered to be uninsured if he or she did not have any private health insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), state-sponsored or other government-sponsored health plan, or a military plan. A child was also defined as uninsured if he or she had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service, such as accidents or dental care. Private coverage includes children covered by any comprehensive private insurance plan (including health maintenance organizations and preferred provider organizations). These plans include those obtained through an employer, purchased directly, or obtained through local or community programs. Medicaid or other public coverage includes children who do not have private coverage, but who have Medicaid or other state-sponsored health plans, including CHIP.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.

Figure HC2: Percentage of children ages 0–17 with no usual source of health care by type of health insurance, 1993–2014
Percentage of children ages 0–17 with no usual source of health care by type of health insurance, 1993–2014

NOTE: Children with both public and private insurance coverage are placed in the private insurance group. Emergency rooms are excluded as a usual source of care. A break is shown in the lines because in 1997 the National Health Interview Survey was redesigned. Data for 1997–2014 are not strictly comparable with earlier data.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.

Figure HC3.A: Estimated vaccination coverage of children ages 19–35 months with the 4:3:1:3:3:1 and 4:3:1:3*:3:1:4 combined series of vaccinations by poverty status, 2002–2014
Estimated vaccination coverage of children ages 19–35 months with the 4:3:1:3:3:1 and 4:3:1:3*:3:1:4 combined series of vaccinations by poverty status, 2002–2014

NOTE: The 4:3:1:3:3:1 series consists of 4 doses (or more) of diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, and pertussis (DTP) vaccines, diphtheria and tetanus toxoids (DT), or diphtheria, tetanus toxoids, and any acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccines; 3 doses (or more) of poliovirus vaccines; 1 dose (or more) of any measles-containing vaccine; 3 doses (or more) of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccines, any type; 3 doses (or more) of hepatitis B vaccines; and 1 dose (or more) of varicella vaccine. Collecting coverage estimates for this series began in 2002 as part of the HP2010 objectives. The 4:3:1:3*:3:1:4 series consists of the vaccines above including the full series of Hib vaccines (3 or 4 doses, depending on product type) and 4 doses (or more) of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCV). Collecting coverage estimates for this series began in 2009 and is part of the HP2020 objectives. The vertical line at data year 2009 reflects the change of the Healthy People objectives for childhood vaccinations. The 2009 series estimates were affected by a Hib vaccine shortage, and the interim Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) recommendation suspended the booster dose for healthy children from December 2007 to June 2009, a time when most children in the 2009 National Immunization Survey would have been eligible for the booster dose of the Hib vaccine. The recommended immunization schedule for children is available at http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases and National Center for Health Statistics, National Immunization Survey.

Figure HC3.B: Estimated vaccination coverage of adolescents ages 13–17 with selected vaccines and doses, 2006–2014
Estimated vaccination coverage of adolescents ages 13–17 with selected vaccines and doses, 2006–2014

NOTE: Data collection for the 2006 and 2007 survey was only performed during the fourth quarter. The routine recommendation of vaccines for administration beginning with children ages 11–12 years include tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines, meningococcal conjugate (MenACWY) vaccines (1 dose each), and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines (3 doses). The recommended immunization schedule for adolescents is available at http://198.246.98.21/vaccines/recs/schedules/child-schedule.htm#printable.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases and National Center for Health Statistics, National Immunization Survey—Teen.

Figure HC4.A: Percentage of children ages 5–17 with a dental visit in the past year by age and poverty status, 1999–2014
Percentage of children ages 5–17 with a dental visit in the past year by age and poverty status, 1999–2014

NOTE: From 1999 to 2000, children were identified as having a dental visit in the past year by asking parents "About how long has it been since your child last saw or talked to a dentist?" In 2001 and later years, the question was "About how long has it been since your child last saw a dentist?" Parents were directed to include all types of dentists, such as orthodontists, oral surgeons, and all other dental specialists, as well as dental hygienists.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.

Figure HC4.B: Percentage of children ages 2–4 with a dental visit in the past year by age and poverty status, 1999–2014
Percentage of children ages 2–4 with a dental visit in the past year by age and poverty status, 1999–2014

NOTE: From 1999 to 2000, children were identified as having a dental visit in the past year by asking parents "About how long has it been since your child last saw or talked to a dentist?" In 2001 and later years, the question was "About how long has it been since your child last saw a dentist?" Parents were directed to include all types of dentists, such as orthodontists, oral surgeons, and all other dental specialists, as well as dental hygienists.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.

Figure HC4.C: Percentage of children ages 5–17 with untreated dental caries (cavities) by age and poverty status, 1988–1994, 1999–2004, 2005–2008, 2009–2010, and 2011–2012
Percentage of children ages 5–17 with untreated dental caries (cavities) by age and poverty status, 1988–1994, 1999–2004, 2005–2008, 2009–2010, and 2011–2012

NOTE: Dental caries was identified by an oral examination as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.