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America's Children in Brief: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2016

Behavior Figures

Figure 18: Percentage of 12th-grade students who reported using illicit drugs in the past 30 days by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2015
Percentage of 12th-grade students who reported using illicit drugs in the past 30 days by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2015

NOTE: Use of "any illicit drug" includes any use of marijuana, LSD, other hallucinogens, crack, other cocaine, or heroin, or any use of other prescription narcotics, amphetamines, barbiturates, or tranquilizers not under a doctor's orders. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately.

SOURCE: National Institute on Drug Abuse, Monitoring the Future Survey.

Figure 19: Percentage of high school students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse by race and Hispanic origin, selected years 1991–2013
Percentage of high school students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse by race and Hispanic origin, selected years 1991–2013

NOTE: Data are based on the student's response to the question "Have you ever had sexual intercourse?" The revised 1997 Office of Management and Budget Standards for Data on Race and Ethnicity were implemented in 2005. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately but are combined for reporting. Students were coded as "Other" if they (1) did not self-report as Hispanic, and (2) selected "American Indian or Alaska Native," "Asian," or "Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander," or selected more than one response to a question on race.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System.

Figure 20: Percentage of 12th-grade students who reported smoking cigarettes daily in the past 30 days by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2015
Percentage of 12th-grade students who reported smoking cigarettes daily in the past 30 days by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2015

NOTE: Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately.

SOURCE: National Institute on Drug Abuse, Monitoring the Future Survey.

Figure 21: Percentage of 12th-grade students who reported having five or more alcoholic beverages in a row in the past two weeks by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2015
Percentage of 12th-grade students who reported having five or more alcoholic beverages in a row in the past two weeks by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2015

NOTE: Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately.

SOURCE: National Institute on Drug Abuse, Monitoring the Future Survey.

Figure BEH1: Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported smoking cigarettes daily in the past 30 days by grade, 1980–2015
Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported smoking cigarettes daily in the past 30 days by grade, 1980–2015

NOTE: Data for 10th-graders for 2008 are not included because estimates are considered to be unreliable due to sampling error. See http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/data/09data.html#2009data-drugs.

SOURCE: National Institute on Drug Abuse, Monitoring the Future Survey.

Figure BEH2: Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported having five or more alcoholic beverages in a row in the past two weeks by grade, 1980–2015
Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported having five or more alcoholic beverages in a row in the past two weeks by grade, 1980–2015

NOTE: Data for 10th-graders for 2008 are not included because estimates are considered to be unreliable due to sampling error. See http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/data/09data.html#2009data-drugs.

SOURCE: National Institute on Drug Abuse, Monitoring the Future Survey.

Figure BEH3: Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported using any illicit drugs in the past 30 days by grade, 1980–2015
Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported using any illicit drugs in the past 30 days by grade, 1980–2015

NOTE: Use of "any illicit drug" includes any use of marijuana, LSD, other hallucinogens, crack, other cocaine, or heroin, or any use of other prescription narcotics, amphetamines, barbiturates, or tranquilizers not under a doctor's orders. For 8th- and 10th-graders, the use of other narcotics and barbiturates has been excluded because these younger respondents appear to over-report use (perhaps because they include the use of nonprescription drugs in their responses). Data for 10th-graders for 2008 are not included because estimates are considered to be unreliable due to sampling error. See http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/data/09data.html#2009 data-drugs.

SOURCE: National Institute on Drug Abuse, Monitoring the Future Survey.

Figure BEH4: Percentage of high school students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse by gender and selected grades, selected years 1991–2013
Percentage of high school students who reported ever having had sexual intercourse by gender and selected grades, selected years 1991–2013

NOTE: Students were asked, "Have you ever had sexual intercourse?" Data are collected biennially.

SOURCE: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System.

Figure BEH5: Rate of serious violent crimes by youth perpetrators ages 12–17, 1980–2014
Rate of serious violent crimes by youth perpetrators ages 12–17, 1980–2014

NOTE: The offending rate is the ratio of the number of crimes (aggravated assault, rape, and robbery, i.e., stealing by force or threat of violence) reported to the National Crime Victimization Survey that involved at least one offender perceived by the victim to be 12–17 years of age, plus the number of homicides reported to the police that involved at least one juvenile offender, to the number of juveniles in the population. Homicide data were not available for 2014 at the time of publication. The number of homicides for 2013 is included in the overall total for 2014. In 2013, homicides represented less than 1 percent of serious violent crime, and the total number of homicides by juveniles has been relatively stable over the last decade. Because of changes made in the victimization survey, data prior to 1992 are adjusted to make them comparable with data collected under the redesigned methodology. See Criminal Victimization, 2006, http://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=pbdetail&iid=765, for more information on the redesigned methodology.

SOURCE: Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Survey and Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reporting Program, Supplementary Homicide Reports.