ChildStats.gov—Forum on Child and Family Statistics
faces of children
Home  |  About the Forum  |  Publications  |  Help
Search
SPECIAL1 Peer Victimization: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners, by type of victimization their teacher reported that they perpetrated against peers in 3rd grade, frequency with which the teacher reported that they victimized their peers, and selected child, family, and school characteristics, spring 2014

excel icon SPECIAL1 Excel Table

Frequency of child victimizing peers and selected child, family, or school characteristic Type of victimization perpetrated against peers
Any type of victimizationa Teased, made fun of, or called other students names Told lies or untrue stories about other students Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit, or kicked other students Excluded other students from play on purpose
Percentage distribution of children, by how frequently their teacher reported they victimized their peers
Total 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Never 48.6 57.1 69.0 76.8 64.9
Rarely 28.4 25.0 18.8 14.4 23.1
Sometimes 16.8 13.2 9.2 6.5 9.6
Often or very often 6.1 4.8 3.0 2.3 2.4
Often 4.4 3.6 2.2 1.6 1.8
Very often 1.8 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.6
Among children with each characteristic, percent whose teacher reported that they perpetrated specific types of victimization against their peers "Often" or "Very often"
Total 6.1 4.8 3.0 2.3 2.4
Gender
Male 8.4 6.8 3.8 3.4 2.7
Female 3.8 2.7 2.2 1.1 2.1
Age of child at kindergarten entry
Less than age 5 4.4!
5 Age 5 to age 5 1/2 6.2 4.7 3.1 2.4 2.5
More than age 5 1/2 to age 6 6.2 5.0 3.0 2.4 2.3
More than age 6 6.0 5.2 2.5! 1.7! 2.7
Race and Hispanic Origin
White, non-Hispanic 4.6 3.3 2.2 1.2 1.8
Black, non-Hispanic 14.8 13.0 7.4 7.9 6.1
Hispanic 5.5 4.2 2.7 2.2 2.0
Asian, non-Hispanic 1.7! 1.1!
Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 13.6!
American Indian/Alaska Native, non-Hispanic
Two or more races, non-Hispanic 6.4! 5.7! 5.1! 2.0!
Frequency with which child reported experiencing different types of victimization by peers, spring 2014
Teased, made fun of, or called names
Often or very often 11.7 8.6 6.5 5.5 4.0
Sometimes, rarely, or never 4.8 3.8 2.2 1.5 2.0
Sometimes or rarely 5.5 4.5 2.3 1.6 2.2
Never 3.6 2.8 1.9 1.4 1.8
Subject of lies or untrue stories
Often or very often 12.3 10.0 6.6 4.9 4.4
Sometimes, rarely, or never 4.3 3.3 2.0 1.5 1.8
Sometimes or rarely 5.5 4.3 2.8 1.8 2.3
Never 2.8 1.9 1.1 1.1 1.1
Pushed, shoved, slapped, hit, or kicked
Often or very often 11.9 9.3 6.7 5.1 3.9
Sometimes, rarely, or never 5.1 4.0 2.4 1.8 2.1
Sometimes or rarely 5.9 4.6 2.6 1.8 2.0
Never 4.3 3.4 2.2 1.8 2.2
Excluded from play on purpose
Often or very often 10.9 7.9 5.7 4.9 4.0
Sometimes, rarely, or never 5.2 4.2 2.5 1.8 2.1
Sometimes or rarely 5.6 4.3 2.6 1.7 1.7
Never 4.9 4.1 2.5 1.9 2.4
Parents' highest level of education, spring 2014b
Less than high school 9.0 6.4 3.2 5.6 3.2
High school completion 7.8 6.0 4.5 3.2 3.4
Some college/vocational 6.8 5.7 3.6 2.2 2.9
Bachelor's degree 4.3 3.2 1.9 1.3! 1.3
Any graduate education 3.7 2.6 1.4 1.1 1.3!
Poverty status, spring 2014c
Below poverty threshold 9.0 7.1 4.9 4.5 3.7
100%–199% of poverty threshold 7.8 6.7 4.4 2.6 3.0
200% or more of poverty threshold 4.2 2.9 1.6 1.2 1.6
School locale, spring 2014
City 7.5 5.8 3.8 3.3 3.0
Suburb 5.2 4.1 2.6 1.9 1.9
Town 4.6 3.6! 2.4! 2.2
Rural 5.6 4.1 2.7 1.6 2.4
School control, spring 2014
Public 6.3 4.9 3.2 2.4 2.5
Private 4.8 3.4 1.4! 1.4 1.3!
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the CV is 50 percent or greater.
a Children whose teachers reported that they perpetrated more than one type of victimization are counted only once in the total percentage of children who perpetrated any type of victimization.
b Parents highest level of education is the highest level of education achieved by either of the parents or guardians in a two-parent household, by the only parent in a single-parent household, or by any guardian in a household with no parents.
c Poverty status is based on U.S. Census weighted average income thresholds for 2013, which identify incomes determined to meet household needs, given family size and composition. For example, a family of three with one child was below the poverty threshold if its income was less than $18,552 in 2013.
NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and survey item nonresponse.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study.