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Brief 8 Prescription opioid misuse and use disorders: Percentage of reported past-year prescription opioid use disorders among youth ages 12–17 by sex and race and Hispanic origin, 2015 and 2016

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Characteristics 2015 2016
Total 0.5 0.6
Male 0.3 0.3
Female 0.7a 0.9a
Race and Hispanic origin
White, non-Hispanic 0.4 0.6
Black, non-Hispanic 0.5 0.6
Hispanic 0.7 0.8
a The estimate for females is significantly different from the same-year estimate for males.
NOTE: Past-year prescription opioid use disorder was defined based on the 11 diagnostic criteria for prescription opioid dependence or abuse specified within the 4th Edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), including symptoms such as withdrawal, tolerance, use in dangerous situations, trouble with the law, and interference with major obligations at work, school, or home during the past 12 months.
SOURCE: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, National Survey on Drug Use and Health.