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Brief 5 Homelessness: Number of homeless children ages 0–17 during a Point-in-Time counta by family status and shelter status, 2013–2017

excel icon Brief5 Excel Table

Family and shelter status 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Total homeless childrenb 138,149 135,701 127,787 120,810 114,508
Total homeless children in familiesc 130,515 128,061 122,901 116,706 109,719
Shelterede homeless children in families 114,562 115,926 111,994 106,411 100,960
Unshelteredf homeless children in families 15,953 12,135 10,907 10,295 8,759
Total homeless unaccompanied childrend 7,634 7,640 4,886 4,104 4,789
Sheltered homeless unaccompanied children 3,179 3,365 2,483 2,446 2,122
Unsheltered homeless unaccompanied children 4,455 4,275 2,403 1,658 2,667
a A Point-in-Time count is a census of homeless individuals conducted during a specified night in January by volunteer enumerators within a Continuum of Care jurisdiction established by a coalition of public and private homeless service providers.
b Homelessness is defined as lacking a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, meaning sleeping in unsheltered places or in a publicly or privately operated shelter or transitional housing.
c Homeless children in families are individuals ages 0–17 who are accompanied by someone age 18, as well as parenting youth less than age 18 with a child.
d Unaccompanied homeless children are individuals or groups of minors under the age 18 who are not with an adult, except that parenting youth under the age 18 are counted as "in families." The estimates presented here do not include unaccompanied youth ages 18–24
e Sheltered homelessness is defined as staying in a supervised publicly or privately operated emergency shelter designated to provide temporary living arrangements, including a domestic abuse shelter, a hotel or motel room funded by the government, or in transitional housing.
f Unsheltered homelessness is defined as staying in a public or private place not meant for human habitation, including a car, park, abandoned building, bus or train station, airport, or camping ground.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Community Planning and Development, Annual Homeless Assessment Report to Congress: Part 1—Point in Time Estimates of Homelessness in the United States.