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Brief 11 Residential placement of juveniles: Number of juvenile offenders in residential placement facilities by selected juvenile characteristics, selected years 1997–2015

excel icon Brief11 Excel Table

Characteristic 1997 1999 2001 2003 2006 2007 2010 2011 2013 2015
Total 105,055 107,493 104,219 96,531 92,721 86,814 70,793 61,423 54,148 48,043
Age
Age 12 or younger 2,178 3,914 1,844 1,662 1,206 979 693 764 706 528
Age 13 4,648 6,445 4,429 4,079 3,419 2,844 2,079 1,999 1,957 1,571
Age 14 11,578 13,010 10,470 9,871 9,113 7,621 5,955 5,276 4,717 4,318
Age 15 21,237 20,924 19,519 18,335 17,552 15,565 12,604 10,589 9,473 8,400
Age 16 28,201 26,144 26,945 24,786 24,606 23,091 19,540 16,473 14,108 12,526
Age 17 24,564 23,627 24,948 23,963 23,716 23,193 19,990 17,447 15,100 13,627
Ages 18–20 12,649 13,429 16,064 13,835 13,109 13,521 9,932 8,875 8,087 7,073
Sex
Male 90,771 92,985 89,115 81,975 78,998 75,017 61,359 53,079 46,421 40,750
Female 14,284 14,508 15,104 14,556 13,723 11,797 9,434 8,344 7,727 7,293
Race and Hispanic origin
White, non-Hispanic 39,445 40,911 41,324 37,307 32,490 29,534 22,947 19,927 17,563 15,024
Black, non-Hispanic 41,896 42,344 40,742 36,733 37,334 35,447 28,977 24,574 21,550 20,136
Asian, non-Hispanic 1,927 1,873 1,193 1,153 924 754 516 417 338 263
Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 288 256 317 308 231 281 212 149 138 139
American Indian/Alaska Native, non-Hispanic 1,615 1,879 2,011 1,712 1,703 1,464 1,236 1,191 1,078 839
Other, non-Hispanic 562 650 621 913 1,012 1,278 1,315 1,192 1,190 1,097
Hispanic 19,322 19,580 18,011 18,405 19,027 18,056 15,590 13,973 12,291 10,545
Most serious offense
Person offense 35,138 37,367 34,885 33,170 31,674 31,140 26,011 22,964 19,922 18,119
Property offense 31,907 31,432 29,341 26,813 23,152 21,076 17,037 14,705 12,768 10,412
Drug offense 9,071 9,645 9,076 7,988 7,985 7,095 4,986 4,315 3,533 2,607
Public order offense 10,287 10,848 10,806 9,949 10,015 11,000 8,139 7,317 6,085 6,020
Technical violation 12,410 13,909 15,413 14,102 15,280 13,093 11,604 9,883 9,316 8,557
Status offense 6,242 4,292 4,698 4,509 4,615 3,410 3,016 2,239 2,524 2,328
NOTE: Data are from a biennial survey of all secure and nonsecure residential placement facilities that house juvenile offenders, defined as persons younger than 21 who are held in a residential setting as a result of some contact with the justice system (they are charged with or adjudicated for an offense). Data do not include adult prisons, jails, federal facilities, or facilities exclusively for drug or mental health treatment or for abused/neglected youth. The data provide 1-day population counts of juveniles in residential placement facilities; 1-day counts differ substantially from the annual admission and release data used to measure facility population flow.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement.