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Brief 10 Residential placement of juveniles: Residential placement rate (number of juvenile offenders in placement) per 100,000 juveniles by sex and race/ethnicity, selected years 1997–2015

excel icon Brief10 Excel Table

Characteristic 1997 1999 2001 2003 2006 2007 2010 2011 2013 2015
Total 356 355 334 303 289 272 225 196 173 152
Sex
Male 599 599 556 502 479 458 380 330 290 253
Female 99 99 99 94 88 76 61 54 50 47
Race and Hispanic origin
White, non-Hispanic 201 208 208 189 170 157 128 112 100 86
Black, non-Hispanic 968 937 857 742 743 714 606 520 464 433
Asian, non-Hispanic 195 178 119 110 80 71 47 35 28 23
Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic
American Indian/Alaska Native, non-Hispanic 490 542 556 468 476 416 369 361 334 261
Other, non-Hispanic
Hispanic 468 435 360 335 309 284 228 202 173 142
— Not available.
NOTE: Data are from a biennial survey of all secure and nonsecure residential placement facilities that house juvenile offenders, defined as persons younger than 21 who are held in a residential setting as a result of some contact with the justice system (they are charged with or adjudicated for an offense). Data do not include adult prisons, jails, federal facilities, or facilities exclusively for drug or mental health treatment or for abused/neglected youth. The data provide 1-day population counts of juveniles in residential placement facilities; 1-day counts differ substantially from the annual admission and release data used to measure facility population flow. Rate is per 100,000 persons ages 10 through the upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement.