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America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2017

Special Feature: Peer Victimization in the 3rd Grade: Figures

Indicator SPECIAL1: Percentage distribution of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners by frequency with which the teacher reported that they victimized their peers in 3rd grade and type of victimization, spring 2014
Indicator SPECIAL1: Percentage distribution of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners by frequency with which the teacher reported that they victimized their peers in 3rd grade and type of victimization, spring 2014

a Children whose teachers reported that they perpetrated more than one type of victimization are counted only once in the total percentage of children who perpetrated any type of victimization.

NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and survey item nonresponse.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–3rd Grade Restricted-Use Data file.

Indicator SPECIAL2: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in 3rd grade by type of victimization and student race and Hispanic origin, spring 2014
Indicator SPECIAL2: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in 3rd grade by type of victimization and student race and Hispanic origin, spring 2014

! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent.

‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the CV is 50 percent or greater.

NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms). Estimates for non-Hispanic Pacific Islanders and American Indian/Alaska Natives are excluded from the figure due to small sample sizes.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–3rd Grade Restricted-Use Data file.

Indicator SPECIAL3: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in 3rd grade by type of victimization and household poverty status, spring 2014
Indicator SPECIAL3: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in 3rd grade by type of victimization and household poverty status, spring 2014

NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms). Poverty status is based on U.S. Census weighted average income thresholds for 2013, which identify incomes determined to meet household needs, given family size and composition. For example, a family of three with one child was below the poverty threshold if its income was less than $18,552 in 2013.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–3rd Grade Restricted-Use Data file.

Indicator SPECIAL4: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently teased, made fun of, or called other students names in 3rd grade, by parents' highest level of education, spring 2014
Indicator SPECIAL4: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently teased, made fun of, or called other students names in 3rd grade, by parents' highest level of education, spring 2014

NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms).

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–3rd Grade Restricted-Use Data file.

Indicator SPECIAL5: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in 3rd grade by type of victimization and school locale, spring 2014
Indicator SPECIAL5: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in 3rd grade by type of victimization and school locale, spring 2014

! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent.

‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the CV is 50 percent or greater.

NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms).

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–3rd Grade Restricted-Use Data file.

Indicator SPECIAL6: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in 3rd grade by type of victimization and school control, spring 2014
Indicator SPECIAL6: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in 3rd grade by type of victimization and school control, spring 2014

! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 percent and 50 percent.

NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms).

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–3rd Grade Restricted-Use Data file.

Indicator SPECIAL7: Fall 2010 first-time kindergartners' mean interpersonal skills ratings in 3rd grade by type of victimization and frequency of victimizing their peers, spring 2014
Indicator SPECIAL7: Fall 2010 first-time kindergartners' mean interpersonal skills ratings in 3rd grade by type of victimization and frequency of victimizing their peers, spring 2014

NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms). The interpersonal skills scale is based on teachers' reports on the student's skill in forming and maintaining friendships; getting along with people who are different; comforting or helping other children; expressing feelings, ideas, and opinions in positive ways; and showing sensitivity to the feelings of others. Possible scores on the scale range from 1 to 4, with higher scores indicating that a child interacted with others in a positive way more often.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–3rd Grade Restricted-Use Data file.

Indicator SPECIAL8: Fall 2010 first-time kindergartners' mean externalizing problem behaviors ratings in 3rd grade by frequency of victimizing their peers, and type of victimization, spring 2014
Indicator SPECIAL8: Fall 2010 first-time kindergartners' mean externalizing problem behaviors ratings in 3rd grade by frequency of victimizing their peers, and type of victimization, spring 2014

NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms). The externalizing problem behaviors scale measured the frequency with which a student argues, fights, gets angry, acts impulsively, disturbs ongoing activities, and talks at inappropriate times. Possible scores on the scale range from 1 to 4, with higher scores indicating that a child exhibited problem behaviors in a negative way more often.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–3rd Grade Restricted-Use Data file.

Indicator SPECIAL9: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in any way in 3rd grade by frequency with which students reported experiencing different types of peer victimization, spring 2014
Indicator SPECIAL9: Percentage of fall 2010 first-time kindergartners whose teachers reported that they frequently victimized their peers in any way in 3rd grade by frequency with which students reported experiencing different types of peer victimization, spring 2014

NOTE: Estimates weighted by W7C27P_7T70. Estimates pertain to a sample of children who were enrolled in kindergarten for the first time in the 2010–11 school year. In 2013–14, most of the children were in 3rd grade, but 6 percent were in 2nd grade or other grades (e.g., 4th grade, ungraded classrooms). Students were identified as frequently victimizing others in any way if their teacher reported that they "Often" or "Very often" victimized their peers in any of four types of incidents: (1) teasing, making fun of, or calling other students names; (2) telling lies or untrue stories about other students; (3) pushing, shoving, slapping, hitting, or kicking other students; and (4) excluding other students from play on purpose.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010–11 (ECLS-K:2011), Kindergarten–3rd Grade Restricted-Use Data file.