Children and adolescents need regular and ongoing health care to treat acute and chronic conditions and provide injury care and routine preventative care, including vaccinations.25 Health insurance is a major determinant of access to health care.26 Children with health insurance are more likely than children without insurance to have a regular and accessible source of health care. The percentage of children who have health insurance is one indication of the extent to which families can obtain preventive care or health care for a sick or injured child.27, 28
NOTE: A child was considered uninsured if he or she did not have any private health insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), a state-sponsored or other government-sponsored health plan, or a military plan. A child also was defined as uninsured if he or she had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service, such as accidents or dental care. Private health insurance includes children covered by any comprehensive private insurance plan (including health maintenance organizations and preferred provider organizations). These plans include those obtained through an employer, purchased directly, purchased through local or community programs, or purchased through the Health Insurance Marketplace or a state-based exchange. Public health insurance includes children who do not have private coverage, but who have Medicaid or other state-sponsored health plans, including CHIP. The U.S. Office of Management and Budget classifies counties as within a metropolitan or a micropolitan statistical area. The remaining counties are not classified and are considered rural in this report. Rural counties may include small urban areas, as well as completely rural areas. Nonmetropolitan counties include counties in micropolitan statistical and rural areas.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.
25 American Academy of Pediatrics. (2015). 2016 recommendations for preventive pediatric healthcare. Pediatrics, 137(1), 25–27. Retrieved from https://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/pediatrics/137/1/e20153908.full.pdf
26 Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. (2012). The uninsured and the difference health insurance makes [Fact sheet]. Menlo Park, CA: Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.kff.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/1420-14.pdf
27 Howell, E. M., & Kenney, G. M. (2012). The impact of the Medicaid/CHIP expansions on children: A synthesis of the evidence. Medical Care Research and Review, 69(4), 372–396. https://doi.org/10.1177/1077558712437245
28 Selden, T. M., & Hudson, J. L. (2006). Access to care and utilization among children: Estimating the effects of public and private coverage. Medical Care, 44(5), I-19–I-26. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mlr.0000208137.46917.3b