Smoking has serious long-term consequences, including the risk of smoking-related diseases and premature death, as well as the increased health care costs associated with treating the illnesses.93 One of every six deaths in the United States is a result of tobacco use, making tobacco more lethal than all other addictive drugs combined. Nearly 90 percent of smokers start smoking by age 18, and of smokers under 18 years of age, more than 6 million will die prematurely from a smokingrelated disease.94 These consequences underscore the importance of studying patterns of smoking among adolescents.
NOTE: Data for 10th-graders for 2008 are not included because estimates are considered to be unreliable due to sampling error. See http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/data/09data.html#2009data-drugs.
SOURCE: National Institute on Drug Abuse, Monitoring the Future Survey.
93 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2004). The health consequences of smoking: A report of the Surgeon General. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
94 Hahn, E.J., Rayens, M.K., Chaloupka, F.J., Okoli, C.T.C., and Yang, J. (2002). Projected smoking-related deaths among U.S. youth: A 2000 update. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation ImpacTeen Research Paper Series, No. 22.