ChildStats.gov—Forum on Child and Family Statistics
faces of children
Home  |  About the Forum  |  Publications  |  Data Sources  |  Help
Search
HEALTH1.A Preterm birth and low birthweight: Percentage of infants born preterm by detailed race and Hispanic origin of mother, 1990–2011

excel icon HEALTH1A Excel Table

Characteristic 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011a
Preterm (less than 37 completed weeks of gestation)
Total 10.6 10.8 10.7 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.0 11.4 11.6 11.8 11.6 11.9 12.1 12.3 12.5 12.7 12.8 12.7 12.3 12.2 12.0 11.7
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 8.5 8.7 8.7 9.1 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.9 10.2 10.5 10.4 10.8 11.0 11.3 11.5 11.7 11.7 11.5 11.1 10.9 10.8 10.5
Black, non-Hispanic 18.9 19.0 18.5 18.6 18.2 17.8 17.5 17.6 17.6 17.6 17.4 17.6 17.7 17.8 17.9 18.4 18.5 18.3 17.5 17.5 17.1 16.8
American Indian or Alaskan Native 11.8 10.8 11.6 12.2 12.1 12.4 11.9 12.2 12.2 12.9 12.7 13.2 13.1 13.5 13.7 14.1 14.2 13.9 13.6 13.5 13.6 13.5
Asian or Pacific Islander 10.1 10.1 9.9 10.0 10.1 9.9 10.0 10.2 10.4 10.4 9.9 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.5 10.8 10.9 10.9 10.7 10.8 10.7 10.4
Chinese 7.3 7.4 7.0 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.3 7.7 7.7
Japanese 7.7 7.5 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.2 8.1 8.7 9.3 8.3 8.8 9.2
Filipino 11.4 10.9 10.9 11.2 11.4 11.7 11.5 11.9 11.8 12.4 12.2 12.5 12.7
Hawaiian 11.3 11.2 11.4 11.5 12.2 11.0 11.5 11.0 12.0 12.3 11.7 14.2 13.5
Other Asian or Pacific Islander 10.6 11.9 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.3 10.4 10.6 10.7 10.7 10.1 10.3 10.5
Hispanic 11.0 11.0 10.7 11.0 10.9 10.9 10.9 11.2 11.4 11.4 11.2 11.4 11.6 11.9 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.0 11.8 11.7
Mexican American 10.6 10.6 10.4 10.7 10.6 10.6 10.5 10.9 11.0 11.1 11.0 11.2 11.4 11.7 11.8 11.8 11.9 11.9 11.7 11.5 11.3
Puerto Rican 13.4 13.5 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.4 13.2 13.7 13.9 13.7 13.5 13.7 14.0 13.8 14.0 14.3 14.4 14.5 14.1 13.8 13.4
Cuban 9.8 9.7 10.0 10.4 10.1 10.1 10.3 11.0 11.4 11.5 10.6 10.6 10.5 11.8 12.8 13.2 13.1 13.4 13.6 13.2 13.3
Central or South American 10.9 10.9 10.5 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.9 11.2 11.6 11.4 11.0 11.2 11.2 11.4 11.7 12.0 12.1 12.1 12.0 12.0 11.8
Other and unknown Hispanic 11.2 11.1 11.2 11.7 11.6 11.7 12.0 12.0 12.1 11.9 12.2 12.4 12.8 12.6 12.6 13.6 14.2 14.1 13.3 13.4 13.1
Late preterm (34–36 completed weeks of gestation)
Total 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.6 7.7 7.7 7.7 8.0 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.5 8.6 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.1 9.0 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.3
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 7.2 7.4 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.2 8.0 7.8 7.6
Black, non-Hispanic 11.5 11.6 11.2 11.4 11.2 10.9 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.2 11.2 11.4 11.4 11.8 11.9 11.8 11.3 11.2 11.0 10.7
American Indian or Alaskan Native 8.3 8.1 8.1 8.5 8.5 8.9 8.4 8.5 8.6 9.1 9.0 9.3 9.2 9.6 9.6 10.2 10.2 9.9 9.7 9.4 9.6 9.6
Asian or Pacific Islander 7.5 7.5 7.3 7.5 7.5 7.4 7.4 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.3 7.7 7.7 7.8 7.7 8.0 8.1 8.1 7.9 8.1 7.8 7.6
Chinese 5.7 5.7 5.4 5.6 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.5 6.0 5.9
Japanese 5.9 5.8 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.9 7.2 6.3 7.0 6.8
Filipino 8.3 8.0 8.1 8.5 8.2 8.7 8.3 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.9 9.3 9.4
Hawaiian 7.6 8.3 8.0 8.5 8.7 7.9 8.6 7.9 8.5 8.6 8.2 9.8 9.5
Other Asian or Pacific Islander 7.9 8.0 8.7 8.8 9.0 8.6 8.2 8.5 8.5 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.5
Hispanic 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9 7.8 7.8 7.8 8.1 8.2 8.2 8.1 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.5 8.4
Mexican American 7.6 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.9 8.0 8.1 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.3 8.2
Puerto Rican 9.0 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.1 9.0 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.5 9.5 9.8 9.8 10.0 9.7 9.5 9.2
Cuban 6.9 6.8 7.2 7.6 7.3 7.1 7.4 8.0 8.2 8.3 7.6 7.6 7.7 8.7 9.5 9.5 9.6 10.0 9.8 9.5 9.2
Central or South American 7.7 7.9 7.6 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.8 8.0 8.3 8.3 7.8 8.1 8.0 8.3 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.7 8.8 8.7
Other and unknown Hispanic 8.0 7.9 7.9 8.4 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.3 8.6 8.9 9.2 9.0 9.2 9.8 10.2 10.2 9.6 9.5 9.4
— Not available.
a Data for 2011 are preliminary.
b The 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The following states reported multiple-race data in 2003, following the revised 1997 OMB standards: CT, HI, OH (for December only), PA, UT, and WA. In 2004, the following states began to report multiple-race data: FL, ID, KY, MI, MN, NH, NY State (excluding New York City), SC, and TN. Multiple-race data were reported by 19 states in 2005: FL, ID, KS, KY, NE, NH, NY State (excluding New York City), PA, SC, TN, TX, VT (beginning July 1), WA, CA, HI, MI (for births at selected facilities only), MN, OH, and UT. In 2006, 23 states reported multiple-race data: CA, DE, FL, ID, KS, KY, NE, NH, NY State (excluding New York City), ND, OH, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VT, WA, WY, HI, MI (for births at selected facilities only), MN, and UT. In 2007, 27 states reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA (partial year only), ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI (for births at most facilities), NE, NH, NY State (excluding New York City), ND, OH, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, VT, WA, WY, HI, MN, and UT. In 2008, 30 states reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MT, NE, NH, NM, NY, ND, OH, OR, PA, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, WA, and WY. In 2009, 33 states and the District of Columbia reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IN, IA, KS, KY, MI, MN, MT, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, WA, and WY. In 2010, 38 states and the District of Columbia reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA (after January 1), MD, MI, MN, MO, MT, NE, NH, NM, NV, NY, NC (after January 1), ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, WA, and WY. In 2011, 40 states and the District of Columbia reported multiple-race data: CA, CO, DE, FL, GA, HI, ID, IL, IN, IA, KS, KY, LA, MD, MA (in February-March), MI, MN, MO, MT, NE, NV, NH, NM, NY, NC, ND, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, UT, VT, WA, WI, and WY. The multiple-race data for these states were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other states. In addition, note that data on race and Hispanic origin are collected and reported separately.
NOTE: Excludes live births with unknown gestational age. Trend data for births to Hispanic and to White, non-Hispanic and Black, non-Hispanic women are affected by expansion of the reporting area in which an item on Hispanic origin is included on the birth certificate. The number of states in the reporting area was 48 states and DC in 1990, 49 states and DC in 1991–92, and all 50 states and DC from 1993 onward. Trend data for births to Asian or Pacific Islander and Hispanic women are also affected by immigration. Beginning in 2003, data are no longer available for Asian or Pacific Islander subgroups.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System. Martin, J.A., Hamilton, B.E., Ventura, S.J., Osterman, M.J.K., Wilson, E.C., and Mathews, T.J. (2012). Births: Final data for 2010. National Vital Statistics Reports, 61(1). Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Hamilton, B.E., Martin, J.A., and Ventura, S.J. (2012). Births: Preliminary data for 2011. National Vital Statistics Reports, 61(5) Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.