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HC2 Usual source of health care: Percentage of children ages 0–17 with no usual source of health carea by age, type of health insurance, and poverty status, 1993–2012

excel icon HC2 Excel Table

Characteristic 1993b 1994b 1995b 1996b 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006c 2007c 2008c 2009c 2010c 2011c 2012
Ages 0–17
Total 8.0 7.4 6.5 6.3 6.9 6.5 6.7 7.0 5.8 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.6 6.0 5.7 5.5 5.4 4.0 4.1
Type of insurance
Private insuranced 3.9 3.6 3.2 3.0 3.3 2.9 3.3 3.4 2.4 2.6 2.2 2.5 2.0 2.2 2.9 2.7 2.4 2.7 1.5 2.0
Public insuranced, e 10.8 7.2 6.8 6.3 5.2 5.8 5.9 4.8 5.4 5.6 4.4 4.7 3.8 4.1 4.6 4.3 4.5 4.3 3.1 3.0
No insurance 24.3 23.2 22.5 23.1 27.6 28.0 28.5 29.7 28.0 29.6 28.8 28.9 31.6 29.7 32.2 30.2 28.6 28.9 27.8 29.1
Poverty statusf
Below 100% poverty 15.7 12.0 10.9 10.5 12.5 11.6 13.6 12.4 12.3 11.0 10.3 10.9 8.6 8.6 9.6 8.2 8.9 7.7 5.9 5.5
100–199% poverty 9.1 10.6 8.6 9.3 10.0 10.1 10.1 10.9 8.6 9.0 7.9 7.6 7.8 8.4 8.9 10.0 6.7 8.3 5.9 5.5
200% poverty and above 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.2 3.8 3.5 3.5 4.0 2.9 3.6 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.7 3.2 3.7 3.3 2.4 3.0
Ages 0–5
Total 5.5 4.9 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.3 4.5 4.6 4.1 4.6 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.9 3.5 4.1 4.6 3.6 2.5 2.4
Type of insurance
Private insuranced 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.7 2.4 1.6 2.1 2.3 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.4 0.9 1.3 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.6 0.9 1.0
Public insuranced, e 7.6 5.2 5.1 4.2 4.2 3.9 3.7 3.2 4.4 3.6 3.0 3.6 2.9 3.3 2.7 3.7 4.1 3.3 2.3 2.0
No insurance 19.4 17.3 17.3 18.2 17.3 20.9 22.1 19.6 22.2 27.8 22.6 17.1 22.8 23.5 22.2 21.6 23.2 19.8 19.1 21.1
Poverty statusf
Below 100% poverty 11.2 7.7 7.9 6.7 8.2 7.7 8.3 6.9 8.4 8.1 6.2 6.4 5.0 6.1 4.9 7.0 7.8 5.5 3.2 3.7
100–199% poverty 6.2 7.2 6.0 6.2 6.2 6.9 7.0 7.9 6.5 7.4 5.8 4.0 4.4 5.9 5.3 5.6 4.5 5.0 3.6 2.8
200% poverty and above 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.5 1.8 2.3 2.6 1.8 2.3 1.5 1.8 2.2 2.0 2.0 2.3 3.0 2.0 1.6 1.6
Ages 6–17
Total 9.4 8.7 7.5 7.3 8.1 7.6 7.8 8.1 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.4 7.3 6.5 6.0 6.4 4.8 5.0
Type of insurance
Private insuranced 4.9 4.4 3.9 3.6 3.8 3.5 3.8 3.9 2.9 3.1 2.5 2.9 2.4 2.6 3.4 3.1 2.7 3.3 1.8 2.4
Public insuranced, e 13.8 9.1 8.4 8.1 6.1 7.3 7.4 6.0 6.0 6.9 5.4 5.5 4.4 4.6 5.9 4.7 4.7 5.0 3.8 3.7
No insurance 26.5 26.0 24.8 25.2 32.1 31.1 31.1 34.5 30.3 30.3 30.9 33.5 34.7 31.9 35.5 34.0 30.5 32.6 30.4 31.6
Poverty statusf
Below 100% poverty 18.7 14.9 12.8 13.0 15.3 14.0 16.6 15.6 14.4 12.6 12.6 13.5 10.8 10.1 12.8 9.0 9.6 9.1 7.8 6.7
100–199% poverty 10.8 12.4 10.0 10.9 11.9 11.7 11.7 12.5 9.7 9.8 9.1 9.4 9.4 9.7 10.9 12.4 7.8 10.2 7.0 6.8
200% poverty and above 4.8 4.3 4.4 3.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 4.6 3.4 4.2 3.5 3.5 3.9 3.9 4.4 3.5 4.0 3.9 2.7 3.6
a Excludes emergency rooms as a usual source of health care.
b In 1997, the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) was redesigned. Data for 1997–2012 are not strictly comparable to prior years of data.
c In 2006, the NHIS underwent a sample redesign. The impact of the new sample design on estimates is expected to be minimal.
d Children with both public and private insurance coverage are placed in the private insurance category.
e As defined here, public health insurance for children consists mostly of Medicaid or other public assistance programs, including state plans. Beginning in 1999, the public health insurance category also includes the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). It does not include children with only Medicare, Tricare, or CHAMP-VA.
f Starting with America’s Children, 2008, imputed family income was used for data years 1993 and beyond. Missing family income data were imputed for approximately 20 to 30 percent of children ages 0–17 in 1993–2012. Therefore, estimates by poverty for 1993–2006 may differ from those in previous editions.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.