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HC1 Health insurance coverage: Percentage of children ages 0–17 covered by health insurance at some time during the yeara by type of health insurance and selected characteristics, 1987–2012

excel icon HC1 Excel Table

Characteristic 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Any health insurance
Total 87.1 86.9 86.7 87.0 87.3 87.3 86.3 85.8 86.2 85.3 85.3 85.0 88.0 89.3 89.4 89.7 89.6 90.1 89.7 88.8 89.4 90.5 90.3 90.2 90.6 91.1
Gender
Male 87.1 86.7 86.7 86.9 87.2 87.6 86.5 85.7 86.3 85.4 85.1 84.8 88.3 89.3 89.4 89.5 89.6 90.1 89.5 88.4 89.5 90.3 90.3 90.3 90.7 91.0
Female 87.1 87.2 86.8 87.0 87.5 87.1 86.1 85.9 86.2 85.3 85.5 85.1 87.8 89.3 89.3 89.9 89.6 90.0 89.9 89.1 89.3 90.6 90.3 90.2 90.5 91.3
Age
Ages 0–5 87.6 87.4 87.2 88.5 88.7 89.3 88.5 86.2 86.7 86.4 86.0 84.9 88.4 89.6 90.0 90.5 90.6 91.4 90.2 89.2 89.9 91.5 91.0 91.0 91.5 91.6
Ages 6–11 87.3 87.1 87.1 87.0 87.7 87.6 87.0 86.5 86.5 85.6 86.3 85.6 88.2 89.5 89.8 90.3 89.9 90.1 90.5 89.2 89.9 91.1 90.7 90.7 90.9 91.5
Ages 12–17 86.4 86.3 85.8 85.2 85.4 84.8 83.1 84.8 85.5 84.1 83.6 84.4 87.6 88.8 88.3 88.4 88.5 88.8 88.5 88.0 88.5 88.9 89.0 89.0 89.4 90.3
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 90.3 90.3 90.3 90.0 90.4 90.2 89.4 89.4 89.5 89.6 89.5 89.6 92.8 93.5 93.5
White-alone, non-Hispanic 93.4 93.5 93.4 93.4 93.0 93.0 93.5 93.3 93.1 93.2 93.5
Black 83.1 84.0 83.5 85.4 84.7 86.3 84.4 83.4 84.7 81.4 81.5 81.0 85.6 88.1 87.9
Black-alone 88.0 87.2 88.8 89.1 86.5 88.7 89.8 88.8 88.9 89.8 90.7
Hispanic 71.5 70.9 69.8 71.6 73.4 74.5 74.3 71.5 73.2 71.4 71.6 70.5 74.8 76.1 77.0 79.2 79.4 80.5 79.2 78.7 80.2 83.3 83.6 83.7 84.9 85.9
Regionc
Northeast 92.4 92.7 91.3 92.0 91.6 90.8 89.6 88.1 89.4 87.7 87.9 88.8 92.4 93.1 92.7 92.4 92.0 93.3 93.2 91.8 92.4 93.3 93.5 92.5 93.3 94.3
South 82.1 81.0 82.3 82.9 83.2 83.8 82.7 83.2 82.9 81.8 81.6 82.0 85.8 86.7 87.1 87.4 87.4 87.8 87.6 85.7 85.8 88.1 87.7 88.2 89.1 88.9
Midwest 92.3 92.6 91.7 91.1 91.6 91.1 90.8 91.0 90.5 90.8 90.4 89.3 91.9 92.8 93.5 93.2 93.0 92.7 92.9 93.0 93.2 94.0 92.6 93.0 93.0 93.3
West 84.6 85.0 84.2 84.3 85.3 85.9 84.2 82.5 84.3 83.2 83.5 82.0 84.2 87.1 86.8 87.8 88.1 88.7 87.4 87.4 89.4 89.1 89.8 89.3 89.1 90.5
Private health insurance
Total 73.6 73.5 73.6 71.1 69.7 68.7 67.4 65.6 66.1 66.5 67.3 67.9 70.4 71.2 69.6 69.0 67.0 67.1 66.3 65.2 64.6 63.6 60.5 59.6 59.4 60.1
Gender
Male 73.4 73.6 73.7 71.1 69.9 69.2 67.5 65.8 66.4 67.1 67.3 68.1 70.2 71.1 69.8 68.8 66.9 66.9 66.2 65.1 64.9 63.7 60.8 59.4 59.8 60.4
Female 73.9 73.4 73.5 71.2 69.4 68.1 67.3 65.4 65.8 65.9 67.2 67.8 70.6 71.4 69.3 69.2 67.1 67.3 66.5 65.2 64.3 63.4 60.2 59.7 59.0 59.8
Age
Ages 0–5 71.7 71.0 70.6 68.2 66.1 64.6 63.4 59.7 60.4 62.4 63.6 64.3 66.9 67.5 65.5 64.9 62.9 63.2 62.0 61.0 59.7 58.7 55.4 54.4 54.4 55.5
Ages 6–11 74.3 74.1 74.9 72.5 71.2 70.8 70.0 67.3 67.2 67.1 68.4 68.5 70.4 71.3 69.6 69.4 67.4 67.7 66.9 65.7 65.6 64.5 61.4 60.0 59.6 60.1
Ages 12–17 75.1 75.5 75.7 73.0 72.1 70.9 69.0 70.3 71.0 70.2 69.8 70.9 73.7 74.7 73.5 72.2 70.4 70.2 69.9 68.6 68.3 67.7 64.8 64.1 64.1 64.4
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 83.2 83.2 83.1 80.8 79.9 79.5 77.8 77.1 78.0 77.9 78.0 79.3 81.8 82.0 80.7
White-alone, non-Hispanic 80.4 79.0 78.4 78.4 77.2 77.1 76.5 74.1 73.2 72.9 73.5
Black 49.2 49.9 51.5 48.5 45.4 46.1 45.5 43.0 43.9 45.4 48.2 47.6 53.1 55.7 54.1
Black-alone 52.6 49.9 50.3 49.4 49.7 48.6 46.9 43.1 41.5 43.2 43.6
Hispanic 47.9 48.3 48.2 44.9 42.8 41.9 41.8 37.7 38.3 39.9 41.8 43.2 46.9 46.8 45.2 44.9 42.8 44.8 42.9 41.8 40.9 40.9 37.3 38.0 38.1 38.9
Regionc
Northeast 79.4 78.4 78.3 76.7 75.3 73.3 71.3 69.5 71.2 69.4 69.5 70.3 73.7 75.3 73.5 72.0 72.6 73.1 72.0 70.9 70.1 68.4 66.5 66.0 66.7 65.8
South 68.1 67.9 69.4 66.4 65.0 63.5 63.0 61.7 61.0 61.6 62.3 64.8 67.4 67.5 65.4 64.1 62.2 62.7 61.9 60.3 58.9 59.2 56.4 54.6 55.4 55.1
Midwest 79.4 80.4 79.6 76.0 75.1 74.4 73.2 73.9 74.4 75.4 76.4 75.3 77.4 79.2 78.2 77.3 74.6 73.6 72.8 71.8 70.7 69.7 65.9 65.5 63.5 65.8
West 71.2 70.1 69.6 68.3 66.2 66.7 64.7 59.9 61.2 62.5 63.7 63.1 65.2 66.4 65.6 66.0 63.1 63.4 63.2 62.5 64.0 61.5 58.0 57.5 57.2 59.0
Public health insuranced
Total 19.0 19.2 19.2 21.9 23.9 25.2 26.8 26.3 26.4 24.9 23.4 22.8 23.3 24.2 25.8 26.7 29.1 29.7 29.7 29.9 31.0 33.3 36.8 37.9 38.8 39.2
Gender
Male 19.2 19.0 19.1 22.1 23.6 24.9 26.8 26.1 26.2 24.7 23.3 22.3 23.6 24.5 25.7 26.8 29.1 29.8 29.7 29.7 31.0 33.2 36.6 38.1 38.7 38.8
Female 18.8 19.4 19.3 21.7 24.2 25.5 26.8 26.5 26.6 25.2 23.6 23.2 22.9 23.8 25.9 26.6 29.0 29.6 29.7 30.1 31.0 33.4 37.0 37.7 38.9 39.5
Age
Ages 0–5 22.1 22.9 23.7 27.6 30.0 32.8 35.1 33.3 32.6 30.8 28.6 26.8 27.5 28.7 31.1 32.1 34.6 35.4 34.8 34.8 36.4 39.5 42.6 43.8 44.7 44.6
Ages 6–11 18.6 18.2 18.0 20.0 22.3 22.9 24.8 25.2 25.6 24.7 23.1 23.0 23.4 24.3 26.4 26.7 28.8 29.5 29.9 29.5 30.5 33.0 36.4 38.0 38.9 39.1
Ages 12–17 16.1 16.2 15.3 17.5 18.6 19.1 19.8 19.9 20.5 19.2 18.6 18.6 19.1 19.6 20.1 21.6 24.2 24.7 24.8 25.5 26.3 27.4 31.1 32.1 33.0 34.1
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 12.1 12.5 12.7 14.7 16.1 16.7 18.5 18.1 17.5 17.6 17.0 15.8 16.2 17.2 18.8
White-alone, non-Hispanic 18.5 20.8 21.3 21.2 22.1 22.0 23.1 26.2 27.4 28.2 28.4
Black 42.1 41.9 41.0 45.5 47.5 49.3 49.5 48.5 48.8 44.8 39.6 41.6 39.9 41.1 41.5
Black-alone 43.4 45.1 47.3 48.3 44.1 47.9 51.1 53.8 56.0 55.1 56.3
Hispanic 28.2 27.4 27.0 31.9 36.5 38.3 40.8 38.4 39.0 35.3 33.9 31.5 33.2 33.9 36.5 39.3 42.2 41.9 41.4 42.3 44.2 47.9 52.0 51.5 53.4 53.8
Regionc
Northeast 17.9 19.0 17.9 20.9 21.5 22.2 25.0 22.9 23.4 23.7 23.4 23.7 23.7 24.3 24.9 25.2 25.4 26.2 27.3 27.0 27.9 30.9 33.8 33.4 34.7 37.1
South 19.7 19.2 19.7 23.0 24.7 27.6 28.8 28.5 28.2 27.0 25.3 23.6 24.3 25.3 28.1 29.7 31.8 32.0 32.8 32.0 33.5 35.5 38.5 40.8 41.8 41.6
Midwest 18.2 17.1 17.2 20.0 22.0 22.5 24.1 23.7 22.7 21.0 19.2 19.3 19.8 19.1 21.2 22.1 25.2 25.9 25.9 27.5 29.3 31.0 33.9 35.5 36.9 36.4
West 19.9 21.8 21.6 23.2 26.6 26.7 28.1 28.5 29.8 26.8 25.0 24.4 24.8 26.9 26.9 27.7 31.2 32.4 30.1 30.8 30.9 33.6 38.8 38.6 38.5 39.2
— Not available.
a Children are considered to be covered by health insurance if they had public or private coverage at any time during the year. Some children are covered by both types of insurance; hence, the sum of public and private is greater than the total.
b From 1987 to 2002, following the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for collecting and presenting data on race, the Current Population Survey (CPS) asked respondents to choose one race from the following: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The Census Bureau also offered an “Other” category. Beginning in 2003, following the 1997 OMB standards for collecting and presenting data on race, the CPS asked respondents to choose one or more races from the following: White, Black or African American, Asian, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. All race groups discussed in this table from 2002 onward refer to people who indicated only one racial identity within the racial categories presented. People who responded to the question on race by indicating only one race are referred to as the race-alone population. The use of the race-alone population in this table does not imply that it is the preferred method of presenting or analyzing data. Data from 2002 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
c Regions: Northeast includes CT, MA, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, and VT. South includes AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, and WV. Midwest includes IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, and WI. West includes AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, and WY.
d Public health insurance for children consists mostly of Medicaid, but also includes Medicare, the Children’s Health Insurance Programs (CHIP), and Tricare.
NOTE: The data from 1996 to 2009 have been revised since initially published. For more information, see user note at: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/data/revhlth/usernote.html and http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/hlthins/data/usernote/usernote.html. Estimates beginning in 1999 include follow-up questions to verify health insurance status and use the Census 2000-based weights. The data for 2010 have been revised since initially published as a result of implementation of Census 2010-based weights. Estimates beginning in 2010 include the use of the Census 2010-based weights.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, unpublished tables based on analyses from the Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.