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FAM1.A Family structure and children’s living arrangements: Percentage of children ages 0–17 by presence of parents in household and race and Hispanic origina, 1980–2012

excel icon FAM1A Excel Table

Race and Hispanic origin, and family structure 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001b 2002b 2003b 2004b 2005b 2006b 2007b 2008b 2009b 2010b 2011b 2012b
Total
Two parents 70.7 69.9 69.8 69.4 68.9 68.1
Two married parents 77.0 76.0 75.0 75.0 75.0 74.0 74.0 73.0 73.0 73.0 73.0 72.0 71.0 71.0 69.0 69.0 68.0 68.0 68.0 68.0 69.0 69.0 69.0 68.4 67.8 67.3 67.4 67.8 66.7 66.8 65.7 65.0 64.1
Mother only 18.0 18.0 20.0 20.0 20.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 21.0 22.0 22.0 22.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 23.0 24.0 24.0 23.0 23.0 22.0 22.0 23.0 23.0 23.3 23.4 23.3 22.6 22.8 22.8 23.1 23.6 24.4
Father only 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.0 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.7 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.5 4.0
No parent 4.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.6 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.6
White, non-Hispanic
Two married parents 81.0 80.0 79.0 79.0 79.0 78.0 77.0 77.0 76.0 77.0 77.0 78.0 77.0
Mother only 15.0 15.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 17.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0 16.0
Father only 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0
No parent 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.0 3.0
White-alone, non-Hispanic
Two parents 78.6 77.8 78.1 77.5 77.2 76.5
Two married parents 76.9 76.9 75.9 75.9 76.2 75.4 75.8 75.0 74.6 73.7
Mother only 15.9 15.9 16.4 16.0 15.3 15.5 15.3 15.5 15.9 16.4
Father only 4.3 4.3 4.8 4.8 3.6 4.1 3.8 3.8 4.0 4.3
No parent 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.2 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.0 2.8
Black
Two married parents 42.0 43.0 42.0 41.0 41.0 39.0 41.0 40.0 39.0 38.0 38.0 36.0 36.0 36.0 33.0 33.0 33.0 35.0 36.0 35.0 38.0 38.0 38.0
Mother only 44.0 43.0 47.0 51.0 50.0 51.0 51.0 50.0 51.0 51.0 51.0 54.0 54.0 54.0 53.0 52.0 53.0 52.0 51.0 52.0 49.0 48.0 48.0
Father only 2.0 3.0 2.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.0 5.0
No parent 12.0 11.0 8.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 6.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 8.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 10.0 11.0 9.0 8.0 9.0 10.0 9.0 10.0 8.0
Black-alone
Two parents 39.8 37.5 38.7 39.7 37.7 38.1
Two married parents 36.0 35.0 35.0 34.6 36.8 34.5 35.4 35.1 33.0 33.4
Mother only 51.0 50.0 50.2 51.2 49.8 51.1 49.8 49.3 51.2 50.9
Father only 5.0 6.0 5.0 4.8 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.5 4.2
No parent 9.0 9.0 9.8 9.4 6.8 8.1 8.2 7.4 7.6 6.7
Hispanicc
Two parents 69.8 69.7 68.7 67.0 66.9 65.7
Two married parents 75.0 70.0 69.0 68.0 70.0 68.0 66.0 66.0 66.0 67.0 67.0 66.0 65.0 65.0 63.0 63.0 62.0 64.0 64.0 63.0 65.0 65.0 65.0 64.6 64.6 64.7 65.9 65.5 64.2 63.7 60.9 60.2 59.0
Mother only 20.0 23.0 25.0 27.0 25.0 27.0 28.0 28.0 27.0 28.0 27.0 27.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 28.0 29.0 27.0 27.0 27.0 25.0 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.4 25.4 25.0 24.5 24.1 24.9 26.3 26.5 28.0
Father only 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 4.0 5.0 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.5 5.3 4.8 4.1 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 3.1
No parent 3.0 4.0 4.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 4.0 4.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 4.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 5.0 6.0 5.0 5.3 4.7 5.1 5.0 3.6 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.9 3.2
— Not available.
a From 1980 to 2002, following the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for collecting and presenting data on race, the Current Population Survey (CPS) asked respondents to choose one race from the following: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The Census Bureau also offered an “Other” category. Beginning in 2003, following the 1997 OMB standards for collecting and presenting data on race, the CPS asked respondents to choose one or more races from the following: White, Black or African American, Asian, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. All race groups discussed in this table from 2003 onward refer to people who indicated only one racial identity within the racial categories presented. People who responded to the question on race by indicating only one race are referred to as the race-alone population. The use of the race-alone population in this table does not imply that it is the preferred method of presenting or analyzing data. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
b Beginning with March 2001, data are from the expanded CPS sample and use population controls based on Census 2000.
c Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
NOTE: Data for 2012 exclude about 253,000 household residents under age 18 who were listed as family reference persons or spouses. Prior to 2007, CPS data identified only one parent on the child’s record. This meant that a second parent could only be identified if they were married to the first parent. In 2007, a second parent identifier was added to the CPS. This permits identification of two coresident parents, even if the parents are not married to each other. In this table, “two parents” reflects all children who have both a mother and father identified in the household, including biological, step, and adoptive parents. Before 2007, “mother only” and “father only” included some children who lived with two unmarried parents. Beginning in 2007, “mother only” and “father only” refer to children for whom only one parent in the household has been identified, whether biological, step, or adoptive.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements. U.S. Census Bureau, Families and Living Arrangements reports and detailed tables (from 1978) are available on the U.S. Census Bureau Web site at http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps.html.