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FAM1.A Family structure and children’s living arrangements: Percentage of children ages 0–17 by presence of parents in household and race and Hispanic origin,a 1980–2015

excel icon FAM1A Excel Table

Race and Hispanic origin, and family structure 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001b 2002b 2003b 2004b 2005b 2006b 2007b 2008b 2009b 2010b 2011b 2012 2013 2014 2015
Total
Two parents 70.7 69.9 69.8 69.4 68.9 68.1 68.5 68.7 69.2
Two married parents 77 76 75 75 75 74 74 73 73 73 73 72 71 71 69 69 68 68 68 68 69 69 69 68.4 67.8 67.3 67.4 67.8 66.7 66.8 65.7 65 64.1 64.4 64.4 64.7
Mother only 18 18 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 24 24 23 23 22 22 23 23 23.3 23.4 23.3 22.6 22.8 22.8 23.1 23.6 24.4 23.7 23.6 23.1
Father only 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 4.6 4.6 4.8 4.7 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.5 4 4.1 3.9 3.7
No parent 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4.1 4.3 4.5 4.6 3.5 3.8 4 4.1 3.9 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9
White, non-Hispanic
Two married parents 81 80 79 79 79 78 77 77 76 77 77 78 77
Mother only 15 15 16 16 16 16 16 17 16 16 16 16 16
Father only 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 5 4 4 4 4
No parent 2 2 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 3
White-alone, non-Hispanic
Two parents 78.6 77.8 78.1 77.5 77.2 76.5 77.4 77.3 77.5
Two married parents 76.9 76.9 75.9 75.9 76.2 75.4 75.8 75 74.6 73.7 74.4 74.5 74.5
Mother only 15.9 15.9 16.4 16 15.3 15.5 15.3 15.5 15.9 16.4 15.3 15.5 15.5
Father only 4.3 4.3 4.8 4.8 3.6 4.1 3.8 3.8 4 4.3 4.4 4.3 4.1
No parent 2.9 2.9 2.9 3.2 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.1 3 2.8 3 3 2.9
Black
Two married parents 42 43 42 41 41 39 41 40 39 38 38 36 36 36 33 33 33 35 36 35 38 38 38
Mother only 44 43 47 51 50 51 51 50 51 51 51 54 54 54 53 52 53 52 51 52 49 48 48
Father only 2 3 2 2 3 3 2 3 3 3 4 4 3 3 4 4 4 5 4 4 4 5 5
No parent 12 11 8 6 6 7 6 7 7 7 8 7 7 7 10 11 9 8 9 10 9 10 8
Black-alone
Two parents 39.8 37.5 38.7 39.7 37.7 38.1 38.8 39 38.7
Two married parents 36 35 35 34.6 36.8 34.5 35.4 35.1 33 33.4 34.4 34.4 34
Mother only 51 50 50.2 51.2 49.8 51.1 49.8 49.3 51.2 50.9 50.5 50.8 49.4
Father only 5 6 5 4.8 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.6 3.5 4.2 4.6 4.2 4.2
No parent 9 9 9.8 9.4 6.8 8.1 8.2 7.4 7.6 6.7 6.1 6.1 7.7
Hispanic
Two parents 69.8 69.7 68.7 67 66.9 65.7 65.1 64.9 67
Two married parents 75 70 69 68 70 68 66 66 66 67 67 66 65 65 63 63 62 64 64 63 65 65 65 64.6 64.6 64.7 65.9 65.5 64.2 63.7 60.9 60.2 59 58.2 57.8 59.8
Mother only 20 23 25 27 25 27 28 28 27 28 27 27 28 28 28 28 29 27 27 27 25 25 25 24.5 25.4 25.4 25 24.5 24.1 24.9 26.3 26.5 28 27.9 27.5 25.9
Father only 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 4 5 5 5.5 5.3 4.8 4.1 2.1 2.4 2.5 2.7 2.7 3.1 3.2 3.1 3
No parent 3 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 2 3 4 3 4 5 4 5 5 5 5 5 6 5 5.3 4.7 5.1 5 3.6 3.9 3.9 4 3.9 3.2 3.9 4.4 4.1
— Not available.
a From 1980 to 2002, following the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for collecting and presenting data on race, the Current Population Survey (CPS) asked respondents to choose one race from the following: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The Census Bureau also offered an “Other” category. Beginning in 2003, following the 1997 OMB standards for collecting and presenting data on race, the CPS asked respondents to choose one or more races from the following: White, Black or African American, Asian, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. All race groups discussed in this table from 2003 onward refer to people who indicated only one racial identity within the racial categories presented. People who responded to the question on race by indicating only one race are referred to as the race-alone population. The use of the race-alone population in this table does not imply that it is the preferred method of presenting or analyzing data. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
b Data are from the expanded CPS sample and use population controls based on Census 2000.
NOTE: Data for 2015 exclude about 276,000 household residents under age 18 who were listed as family reference persons or spouses. The 2014 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) of the CPS included redesigned questions for income and health insurance coverage. All of the approximately 98,000 addresses were selected to receive the improved set of health insurance coverage items. The improved income questions were implemented using a split panel design. Approximately 68,000 addresses were selected to receive a set of income questions similar to those used in the 2013 CPS ASEC. The remaining 30,000 addresses were selected to receive the redesigned income questions. The source of the 2014 data for this table is the CPS ASEC sample of 98,000 addresses. Prior to 2007, CPS data identified only one parent on the child’s record. This meant that a second parent could only be identified if he or she were married to the first parent. In 2007, a second parent identifier was added to the CPS. This permits identification of two coresident parents, even if the parents are not married to each other. In this table, “two parents” reflects all children who have both a mother and father identified in the household, including biological, step, and adoptive parents. Before 2007, “mother only” and “father only” included some children who lived with two unmarried parents. Beginning in 2007, “mother only” and “father only” refer to children for whom only one parent in the household has been identified, whether biological, step, or adoptive. U.S. Census Bureau, Families and Living Arrangements reports and detailed tables (from 1978) are available on the U.S. Census Bureau Web site at http://www.census.gov/hhes/families/data/cps.html.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement.