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ED5.A Youth neither enrolled in schoola nor working: Percentage of youth ages 16–19 who are neither enrolled in school nor working by age, gender, and race and Hispanic origin, 1985–2013

excel icon ED5A Excel Table

Characteristic 1985b 1986b 1987b 1988b 1989b 1990b 1991b 1992b 1993b 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000c 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012d 2013
Ages 16–19
Total 11 11 10 10 10 10 11 10 10 10 9 9 9 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 9
Gender
Male 9 9 8 8 8 8 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 8 8 8 7 7 7 8 8 10 9 9 8 9
Female 13 13 12 12 12 12 13 12 11 11 11 11 10 9 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 9 9 8 8 9
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 9 9 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 7 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 8 7 7 8
Black, non-Hispanic 18 16 17 15 15 15 17 17 15 14 14 15 14 13 13 13 14 14 12 10 12 11 11 11 12 12 11 11 11
Hispanic 17 18 18 17 16 17 16 17 16 16 16 16 14 14 14 13 13 13 12 12 12 11 11 11 13 11 11 11 11
Ages 16–17
Total 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 3 3 3 5
Gender
Male 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 3 3 4
Female 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 4 4 4 3 3 3 5
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4
Black, non-Hispanic 6 6 7 6 6 6 7 6 6 5 6 5 6 5 5 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 4 4 5
Hispanic 10 11 9 10 10 10 9 9 9 9 9 8 8 8 9 7 7 5 6 5 5 6 6 5 5 5 4 4 5
Ages 18–19
Total 17 16 16 14 14 15 16 16 15 15 15 15 14 13 13 12 13 14 14 13 13 13 13 14 15 15 14 14 15
Gender
Male 13 13 13 11 11 12 13 13 13 13 12 13 12 12 11 11 12 13 14 12 13 12 13 13 16 16 15 15 15
Female 20 19 19 17 17 18 19 19 17 17 17 17 15 13 14 13 15 15 14 13 13 14 13 14 14 15 14 13 15
Race and Hispanic origine
White, non-Hispanic 14 13 12 11 11 12 13 12 11 11 11 11 10 9 9 9 10 11 10 10 10 10 10 11 12 13 12 12 13
Black, non-Hispanic 30 26 27 25 25 23 27 28 25 25 24 25 23 21 21 21 22 24 23 18 20 19 19 20 20 21 19 19 18
Hispanic 24 26 26 24 22 24 23 24 23 24 23 23 20 19 20 18 19 20 20 19 19 17 18 19 21 19 18 18 18
a School refers to both high school and college.
b Data for 1985-1993 are not strictly comparable with data from 1994 onward because of revisions to the questionnaire and data collection methodology for the Current Population Survey (CPS).
c From 2000 - 2011, data incorporate population controls from Census 2000.
d Beginning in 2012, data incorporate population controls from Census 2010.
e For data before 2003, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Standards for Data on Race and Ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data for 2003 and later years. Persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Included in the total but not shown separately are American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and “Two or more races.” Beginning in 2003, those in each racial category represent those reporting only one race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
NOTE: Data relate to the labor force and enrollment status of persons ages 16–19 in the civilian noninstitutionalized population during an “average” week of the school year. The percentages represent an average based on responses to the survey questions for the months that youth are usually in school (January through May and September through December). Results are based on 9 months of data.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey.