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ED2.A/B Mathematics and reading achievement: Average mathematics scale scores of 4th-, 8th-, and 12th-graders by child and family characteristics, selected years 1990–2013

excel icon ED2AB Excel Table

Characteristic 1990a 1992a 1996a 1996 2000 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013
4th-graders
Total 213 220 224 224 226 235 238 240 240 241 242
Gender
Male 214 221 226 224 227 236 239 241 241 241 242
Female 213 219 222 223 224 233 237 239 239 240 241
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 220 227 231 232 234 243 246 248 248 249 250
Black, non-Hispanic 188 193 199 198 203 216 220 222 222 224 224
American Indian or Alaska Native, non-Hispanic 217 208 223 226 228 225 225 227
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 225 231 226 229 246 251 253 255 256 258
Asian, non-Hispanicc 257 259
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 236 236
Hispanic 200 202 205 207 208 222 226 227 227 229 231
8th-graders
Total 263 268 272 270 273 278 279 281 283 284 285
Gender
Male 263 268 272 271 274 278 280 282 284 284 285
Female 262 269 272 269 272 277 278 280 282 283 284
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 270 277 281 281 284 288 289 291 293 293 294
Black, non-Hispanic 237 237 242 240 244 252 255 260 261 262 263
American Indian or Alaska Native, non-Hispanic 259 263 264 264 266 265 269
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 275 290 288 291 295 297 301 303 306
Asian, non-Hispanicc 305 309
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 269 275
Hispanic 246 249 251 251 253 259 262 265 266 270 272
Parents' education
Less than high school 242 249 254 250 253 257 259 263 265 265 267
High school diploma or equivalent 255 257 261 260 261 267 267 270 270 271 270
Some education after high school 267 271 279 277 277 280 280 283 284 285 285
Bachelor's degree or higher 274 281 282 281 286 288 290 292 295 295 296
12th-graders
Total 294 299 304 302 300 150d 153d
Gender
Male 297 301 305 303 302 151d 155d
Female 291 298 303 300 299 149d 152d
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 300 305 311 309 307 157d 161d
Black, non-Hispanic 268 275 280 275 273 127d 131d
American Indian or Alaska Native, non-Hispanic 284 294 134d 144d
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 311 312 312 305 315 163d 175d
Hispanic 276 286 287 284 282 133d 138d
Parents' education
Less than high school 272 278 282 280 278 130d 135d
High school diploma or equivalent 283 288 294 290 287 138d 142d
Some education after high school 297 299 302 302 299 148d 150d
Bachelor's degree or higher 306 311 314 313 312 161d 164d
— Not available.
a Testing accommodations (e.g., extended time, small group testing) for children with disabilities and limited-English-proficient students were not permitted.
b For data before 2003, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data from 2003 and later years. Under these standards, persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Those reporting more than one race were classified as “Two or more races”. For 2003 and after, when separate reporting was possible, respondents who reported being Asian or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander were combined for continuity purposes. Also, beginning in 2003, those in a given racial category represent those reporting only that race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
c For assessment years prior to 2011, Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander students are included with Asian students.
d In 2003, 2007, 2011, and 2013, the mathematics assessment was not conducted at grade 12. The National Governing Board (NAGB) introduced changes in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics framework in both the assessment content and administration for assessments beginning in 2005. In addition, the results of the revised assessment are placed on a scale of 0–300, unlike previous assessments, which were placed on a scale of 0–500. Thus, the 12th-grade assessment results from 2005 and 2009 cannot be compared with those of previous assessments.
NOTE: Included in the total but not shown separately are respondents who selected two or more races. Parents’ education is the highest educational attainment of either parent. Data on parents’ education are not reliable for 4th-graders.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress.