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ECON1.B Income distribution: Percentage of children ages 0–17 by family income relative to the poverty line, 1980–2011

excel icon ECON1B Excel Table

Poverty level 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Below 50% of poverty threshold 6.9 7.7 9.0 9.6 9.1 8.6 8.9 9.0 9.0 8.2 8.8 9.8 10.4 10.1 9.8 8.5 9.0 9.0 8.1 7.0 6.7 7.1 6.9 7.7 7.6 7.7 7.5 7.8 8.5 9.3 9.9 9.8
50–99% of poverty threshold 11.4 12.3 12.9 12.7 12.4 12.1 11.6 11.3 10.5 11.4 11.8 12.0 11.9 12.6 12.0 12.3 11.5 10.9 10.8 10.2 9.5 9.2 9.7 9.9 10.2 9.9 9.9 10.2 10.5 11.4 12.1 12.0
100–199% of poverty threshold 24.0 25.1 24.6 24.4 23.1 22.8 21.9 20.8 21.5 21.2 21.8 22.2 22.0 22.3 22.1 22.5 22.7 21.5 21.2 22.0 21.4 21.9 21.6 21.5 21.5 21.3 21.6 21.2 21.6 21.5 21.6 22.4
200–399% of poverty threshold 41.1 39.3 37.8 36.8 37.5 37.4 36.9 37.0 36.5 36.5 36.6 35.3 34.5 33.0 33.3 34.2 33.7 34.1 33.2 32.5 33.8 33.0 32.5 31.8 32.1 31.9 31.4 31.6 31.5 30.4 29.4 29.3
400–599% of poverty threshold 11.5 11.3 11.8 11.8 13.1 13.6 14.9 14.4 14.8 14.7 13.7 13.8 14.0 13.7 13.8 13.7 14.0 14.7 15.6 16.2 16.3 16.1 16.5 16.1 15.8 15.9 16.0 16.0 15.2 14.8 14.6 14.1
600% of poverty threshold and above 5.1 4.3 3.9 4.6 4.8 5.5 6.1 7.4 7.7 8.0 7.3 6.9 7.2 8.3 8.9 8.8 9.0 9.9 11.0 12.1 12.4 12.7 12.7 12.9 12.8 13.3 13.6 13.2 12.7 12.5 12.3 12.3
NOTE: Estimates refer to all children ages 0–17. The table shows income categories derived from the ratio of a family’s income to the family’s poverty threshold. In 2011, the poverty threshold for a family of four with two children was $22,811. For example, a family of four with two children would be living below 50 percent of the poverty threshold if their income was less than $11,406 (50 percent of $22,811). If the same family's income was at least $22,811 but less than $45,622 the family would be living at 100–199 percent of the poverty threshold. Data for 2010 used the Census 2010-based population controls. The 2004 data have been revised to reflect a correction to the weights in the 2005 Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC). Data for 1999, 2000, and 2001 use Census 2000 population controls. Data for 2000 onward are from the expanded Current Population Survey (CPS) sample.
SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.