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BEH3 Illicit drug use: Percentage of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students who reported using illicit drugs in the past 30 days by grade, gender, and race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2012

excel icon BEH3 Excel Table

Characteristic 1980a 1981a 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
8th grade
Total 5.7 6.8 8.4 10.9 12.4 14.6 12.9 12.1 12.2 11.9 11.7 10.4 9.7 8.4 8.5 8.1 7.4 7.6 8.1 9.5 8.5 7.7
Gender
Male 5.8 6.4 8.7 11.9 12.7 14.6 13.3 11.9 12.6 12.0 13.2 11.2 10.2 7.8 8.8 8.0 7.5 7.8 9.0 10.3 9.3 7.8
Female 5.4 7.1 8.1 9.6 11.9 14.1 12.3 11.9 11.7 11.3 9.9 9.5 8.9 8.8 8.1 8.0 7.1 7.3 7.0 8.6 7.3 7.3
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 5.9 7.1 8.7 18.9 13.2 13.7 12.4 11.3 11.2 11.2 10.6 9.6 8.4 7.7 7.5 7.1 6.9 7.2 7.9 7.8 6.5
Black, non-Hispanic 3.8 5.1 7.4 9.1 10.5 10.8 10.2 11.1 10.8 9.6 9.1 8.9 9.1 9.3 8.6 7.3 7.2 8.2 8.9 8.9 8.4
Hispanic 10.2 12.3 15.7 16.7 16.5 15.9 15.9 17.0 15.2 15.0 15.3 13.1 12.1 11.0 10.2 9.5 8.9 9.2 10.8 11.9 11.8
10th grade
Total 11.6 11.0 14.0 18.5 20.2 23.2 23.0 21.5 22.1 22.5 22.7 20.8 19.5 18.3 17.3 16.8 16.9 * 17.8 18.5 19.2 18.6
Gender
Male 12.1 11.3 15.2 20.5 21.1 24.3 24.8 22.5 23.7 25.4 24.9 21.7 21.0 19.6 18.3 17.9 18.0 * 20.3 21.8 22.2 21.2
Female 10.8 10.5 12.5 16.1 19.0 21.9 21.0 20.5 20.4 19.5 20.5 19.8 18.0 16.9 16.1 15.4 15.7 * 15.4 15.1 16.3 16.1
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 12.1 13.1 16.4 19.7 22.4 23.8 23.1 22.6 23.0 23.4 22.9 21.2 19.3 18.2 17.6 17.5 * 16.7 17.7 18.2 18.3
Black, non-Hispanic 5.2 6.1 11.4 15.5 17.0 17.7 16.4 15.8 17.0 17.6 16.2 16.0 17.5 16.4 15.0 14.0 * 14.7 16.8 19.0 19.9
Hispanic 12.7 15.0 18.0 20.6 22.5 24.2 24.2 23.8 23.7 23.3 21.4 20.0 20.0 19.3 17.0 15.5 * 19.4 19.7 20.1 20.6
12th grade
Total 37.2 36.9 32.5 30.5 29.2 29.7 27.1 24.7 21.3 19.7 17.2 16.4 14.4 18.3 21.9 23.8 24.6 26.2 25.6 25.9 24.9 25.7 25.4 24.1 23.4 23.1 21.5 21.9 22.3 23.3 23.8 25.2 25.2
Gender
Male 39.6 38.3 33.9 33.4 31.2 32.1 29.8 26.4 23.4 22.1 18.9 18.4 15.9 20.4 25.5 26.8 27.5 28.7 29.1 28.6 27.5 28.4 28.5 27.3 26.1 26.7 22.8 25.2 25.0 26.6 27.5 29.0 28.6
Female 34.3 34.9 26.7 26.3 26.2 26.7 24.1 22.6 19.1 17.2 15.2 14.1 12.7 15.9 18.3 20.4 21.2 23.2 21.6 22.7 22.1 22.6 21.8 20.6 20.3 19.3 19.7 18.4 19.4 19.9 19.6 21.1 21.2
Race and Hispanic originb
White, non-Hispanic 38.8 38.1 37.5 31.6 30 30.2 29.5 27.1 24.7 22.5 20.5 18.6 16.8 17.8 21.4 23.8 24.8 26.4 27.5 27.0 25.9 26.5 27.2 26.5 25.7 25.3 24.0 23.1 23.6 23.9 24.3 25.0 25.3
Black, non-Hispanic 28.8 27.1 27.3 25.5 24.2 22.9 20.7 16.7 13.3 11.2 9.0 7.2 7.3 9.1 14.3 18.3 19.7 20.0 19.4 20.2 20.3 18.7 18.2 17.9 16.8 16.1 17.2 17.1 17.8 19.9 21.6 22.6 23.7
Hispanic 33.1 33.4 33.1 29.1 28.0 27.2 25.3 23.2 19.4 15.3 13.9 14.7 14.6 15.6 18.3 21.4 22.6 23.9 24.1 24.4 27.4 25.3 23.4 21.2 19.9 19.6 19.4 18.5 18.1 19.2 20.2 21.6 24.0
— Not available.
* Data for 10th-graders for 2008 are not included because estimates are considered to be unreliable due to sampling error. See http://www.monitoringthefuture.org/data/09data.html#2009data-drugs.
a Beginning in 1982, the question about stimulant use (i.e., amphetamines) was revised to get respondents to exclude the inappropriate reporting of nonprescription stimulants. The prevalence rate dropped slightly as a result of this methodological change.
b A 2-year moving average is presented, based on data from the year indicated and the previous year. For data before 2005, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data for 2006 and later years. Persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. In 2005, half of the sample received the earlier version of the question and half received the later one, and their data were combined. Included in the total but not shown separately are American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and "Two or more races." Beginning in 2006, those in each racial category represent those reporting only one race. Data from 2006 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Hispanics may be of any race.
NOTE: Use of “any illicit drug” includes any use of marijuana, LSD, other hallucinogens, crack, other cocaine, or heroin, or any use of other narcotics, amphetamines, barbiturates, or tranquilizers not under a doctor’s orders. For 8th- and 10th-graders, the use of other narcotics and barbiturates has been excluded because these younger respondents appear to overreport use (perhaps because they include the use of nonprescription drugs in their answers).
SOURCE: Johnston, L.D., O'Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., and Schulenberg, J.E. (2013). Monitoring the Future national results on adolescent drug use: Overview of key findings, 2012. Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan.