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YAECON4 Health Insurance: Percentage of young adults ages 18–24 covered by health insurance at time of interview by type of health insurance and selected characteristics, 1993–2012

excel icon YAECON4 Excel Table

Characteristic 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Uninsured
Total 31.1 31.1 28.2 29.3 30.1 29.0 27.4 29.7 29.3 28.2 30.1 30.0 29.1 29.9 27.9 29.0 29.6 31.4 25.9 24.5
Gender
Male 36.0 35.7 32.2 34.2 33.1 32.3 30.5 33.0 33.1 32.4 34.6 34.4 33.5 34.3 31.0 32.6 33.6 36.2 28.3 27.7
Female 26.4 26.6 24.3 24.6 27.0 25.6 24.3 26.4 25.4 24.0 25.5 25.5 24.7 25.3 24.6 25.4 25.5 26.5 23.4 21.4
Race and Hispanic origina
White, non-Hispanic 26.6 26.5 24.0 25.2 24.4 22.9 21.9 22.9 23.3 21.4 22.8 23.0 21.9 23.3 21.6 22.6 23.0 24.2 18.8 16.8
Black, non-Hispanic 38.0 31.5 29.8 30.5 32.9 33.9 29.0 34.2 32.8 31.9 32.5 32.3 33.4 28.5 28.9 31.2 33.1 36.3 29.6 27.9
Hispanic 43.9 50.2 46.4 48.0 50.5 49.7 49.3 53.1 50.0 52.0 53.8 53.7 51.0 55.3 48.8 51.3 48.6 50.3 44.2 43.7
Regionb
Northeast 28.2 27.7 24.0 24.8 27.2 24.9 22.2 22.7 22.8 22.8 24.1 25.6 22.9 21.1 18.4 23.0 21.6 23.4 18.3 16.3
South 36.1 35.1 33.2 34.1 34.2 33.2 32.1 34.0 34.6 33.1 34.9 34.4 35.1 35.5 32.9 32.7 33.8 37.0 31.4 29.3
Midwest 26.0 24.3 23.9 24.1 22.8 22.0 20.3 24.0 23.6 22.0 24.1 23.1 23.1 25.2 23.9 24.4 27.6 26.4 20.7 19.9
West 31.9 35.0 29.1 31.9 34.7 33.1 32.8 35.0 32.2 32.0 34.6 33.8 31.2 32.1 31.3 32.2 30.9 33.4 28.2 28.0
Private health insurance
Total 58.3 57.8 60.9 60.2 59.3 61.5 63.2 60.9 60.9 60.8 58.8 58.2 58.0 57.0 59.0 56.2 54.4 52.3 57.2 58.1
Gender
Male 59.1 59.0 62.7 61.2 61.2 62.3 63.8 61.6 61.1 60.3 58.5 58.3 58.1 57.1 60.4 57.1 54.6 52.3 58.6 59.2
Female 57.5 56.7 59.1 59.2 57.4 60.7 62.6 60.3 60.7 61.3 59.0 58.2 57.8 56.8 57.5 55.4 54.1 52.3 55.8 57.0
Race and Hispanic origina
White, non-Hispanic 66.1 65.9 68.5 67.4 67.7 70.3 71.2 70.2 69.2 70.4 68.5 68.3 68.0 66.9 68.9 66.2 65.3 63.4 68.5 70.8
Black, non-Hispanic 39.0 43.5 45.8 47.9 46.7 45.4 52.0 46.4 47.5 46.3 47.9 44.1 43.5 45.2 47.1 42.1 37.7 34.4 42.0 43.2
Hispanic 41.2 35.7 38.1 37.7 37.0 39.2 39.1 36.7 38.7 34.8 33.0 32.1 33.3 30.6 33.8 30.7 30.8 29.8 34.8 34.4
Regionb
Northeast 60.8 61.1 65.7 65.2 60.0 64.0 68.2 66.2 67.6 65.0 64.6 61.3 63.5 62.9 65.6 59.6 58.0 56.7 61.9 63.5
South 55.1 54.0 55.0 54.9 56.4 56.9 57.7 56.6 54.6 55.9 53.0 54.3 52.3 52.5 55.0 53.5 51.6 48.5 52.5 53.5
Midwest 62.5 64.7 67.0 67.5 68.5 69.7 72.6 68.6 67.9 69.1 66.8 66.7 64.5 61.4 64.0 62.0 57.0 57.8 63.8 65.4
West 56.2 53.6 58.7 55.8 52.2 57.7 56.3 54.6 57.7 55.5 53.5 52.9 55.2 55.2 54.9 52.1 53.3 49.8 54.4 53.9
Medicaid and other public coverage
Total 9.4 9.5 9.4 8.7 8.2 7.6 7.7 7.8 8.0 9.4 9.1 9.9 10.9 10.9 11.1 11.8 13.7 14.0 14.6 14.7
Gender
Male 3.6 3.7 3.9 3.4 3.9 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.3 5.9 5.3 5.7 6.7 6.9 7.2 8.0 9.7 9.7 10.8 10.7
Female 15.0 15.2 14.9 13.9 12.6 11.3 11.2 11.5 11.6 12.9 12.8 14.1 15.2 14.9 15.0 15.6 17.8 18.4 18.4 18.7
Race and Hispanic origina
White, non-Hispanic 5.7 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5 4.9 5.4 5.4 5.6 6.8 6.7 6.8 8.1 7.6 7.4 7.6 9.4 10.0 10.4 9.6
Black, non-Hispanic 22.1 23.5 23.4 19.1 18.5 18.7 15.9 17.9 17.3 19.0 17.0 20.2 20.5 23.3 21.9 24.9 26.0 26.6 26.1 26.4
Hispanic 14.1 13.0 13.2 13.1 10.9 9.1 10.4 9.1 10.1 12.4 11.9 13.1 14.1 12.3 15.5 16.6 19.0 18.0 18.6 20.0
Regionb
Northeast 10.6 10.7 10.1 9.8 11.5 10.2 8.8 10.1 8.9 11.3 10.0 11.9 12.3 14.5 15.1 16.5 19.1 18.8 17.9 18.2
South 7.8 8.1 9.7 7.8 6.3 7.0 7.4 7.4 7.8 8.4 8.7 8.6 9.4 8.8 9.1 9.4 11.6 11.5 13.3 13.4
Midwest 10.7 10.6 8.1 7.7 7.5 7.2 6.3 6.6 7.2 8.4 8.4 9.0 11.3 12.0 10.6 11.7 13.3 14.0 13.7 13.2
West 9.2 9.4 10.0 10.2 9.7 6.7 9.1 8.2 8.3 10.8 9.7 11.4 11.7 10.2 11.5 12.6 13.5 14.6 14.8 15.5
a For data before 1999, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards on race and ethnicity were used for data from 1999 and later years. Under these standards, persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Those reporting more than one race were classified as "Two or more races." Beginning in 1999, those in a given racial category represent those reporting only that race. Data from 1999 onward are not directly comparable to data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
b Regions: Northeast includes CT, MA, ME, NH, NJ, NY, PA, RI, and VT. South includes AL, AR, DC, DE, FL, GA, KY, LA, MD, MS, NC, OK, SC, TN, TX, VA, and WV. Midwest includes IA, IL, IN, KS, MI, MN, MO, ND, NE, OH, SD, and WI. West includes AK, AZ, CA, CO, HI, ID, MT, NM, NV, OR, UT, WA, and WY.
NOTE: Data are based on household interviews of a sample of the civilian noninstitutionalized population. A person was defined as uninsured if he or she did not have any private health insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), state-sponsored or other government-sponsored health plan, or military plan. A person was also defined as uninsured if he or she had only Indian Health Service coverage or had only a private plan that paid for one type of service, such as accidents or dental care. Private insurance includes any comprehensive private insurance plan (including health maintenance and preferred provider organizations). These plans include those obtained through an employer, purchased directly, or purchased through local or community programs. Private coverage excludes plans that pay for only one type of service, such as accidents or dental care. Medicaid or other public health insurance includes Medicaid, CHIP, and state-sponsored health plans. A small number of young adults were covered by both Medicaid or other public health insurance and private insurance and are only included in the private insurance coverage group.
SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey.