Young adults who experience, witness, or feel threatened by violence frequently experience long-term effects as a result. In addition to any direct physical harm suffered, serious violence can have an adverse effect on victims' mental health status and may increase the likelihood that victims will commit acts of serious violence.62, 63 Such negative repercussions can damage the ability of young adults to maintain employment, engage in positive interpersonal relationships, and achieve financial independence.
This indicator presents data for young adults who directly experienced nonfatal violent victimization, which includes rape, sexual assault, robbery, and aggravated and simple assault.
NOTE: For data before 2003, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into racial groups. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data from 2003 and later years. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.
SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Survey.
62 Turner, H.A., Finkelhor, D., and Ormrod, R. (2006). The effect of lifetime victimization on the mental health of children and adolescents. Social Science & Medicine, 62, 13–27.
63 Schreck, C.J., Stewart, E.A., and Osgood, D.W. (2008). A reappraisal of the overlap of violent offenders and victims. Criminology, 46(4), 871–905.