ChildStats.gov—Forum on Child and Family Statistics
faces of children
Home  |  About the Forum  |  Publications  |  Data Sources  |  Help
Search

America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2013

Family and Social Environment Figures

Indicator Fam1.A: Percentage of children ages 0–17 by presence of parents in household, 1980–2012
Percentage of children ages 0–17 by presence of parents in household, 1980–2012

NOTE: Data for 2012 exclude about 253,000 household residents under age 18 who were listed as family reference persons or spouses. Prior to 2007, a second parent could only be identified if they were married to the first parent on the survey record. Prior to 2007 children with two unmarried parents in the household may be identified as "mother only" or "father only." Starting in 2007, a second parent identifier permits identification of two coresident parents, even if the parents are not married to each other.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

Indicator Fam1.B: Percentage of children ages 0–17 living in various family arrangements, 2012
Percentage of children ages 0–17 living in various family arrangements, 2012

a Includes children living with two stepparents.

NOTE: Data exclude the nearly 253,000 household residents under age 18 who were listed as family reference persons or spouses.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

Indicator Fam2.A: Birth rates for unmarried women by age of mother, 1980–2011
Birth rates for unmarried women by age of mother, 1980–2011

NOTE: The 2011 rates for total ages 15–44 are preliminary. Data for 2011 for specific age groups were not available at time of publication.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System.

Indicator Fam2.B: Percentage of all births to unmarried women by age of mother, 1980 and 2011
Percentage of all births to unmarried women by age of mother, 1980 and 2011

NOTE: Data for 2011 are preliminary.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System.

Indicator Fam3.A: Primary child care arrangements for children ages 0–4 with employed mothers, selected years 1985–201119
Primary child care arrangements for children ages 0–4 with employed mothers, selected years 1985–2011

NOTE: The primary arrangement is the arrangement used for the most number of hours per week while the mother worked. Mother and father care both refer to care while the mother worked.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Survey of Income and Program Participation.

Indicator Fam3.B: Percentage of children ages 3–6, not yet in kindergarten, in center-based care arrangements by poverty level, selected years 1995–2007
Percentage of children ages 3–6, not yet in kindergarten, in center-based care arrangements by poverty level, selected years 1995–2007

NOTE: Center-based programs included day care centers, prekindergartens, nursery schools, Head Start programs, and other early childhood education programs.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Household Education Surveys Program.

Indicator Fam3.C: Child care arrangements for grade school children ages 5–14 with employed mothers, 2011
Child care arrangements for grade school children ages 5–14 with employed mothers, 2011

NOTE: The number of children in all arrangements may exceed the total number of children due to the use of multiple arrangements. Mother and father care refer to care while the mother worked.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Survey of Income and Program Participation.

Indicator Fam4: Percentage of children ages 0–17 by nativity of child and parents, selected years 1994–2012
Percentage of children ages 0–17 by nativity of child and parents, selected years 1994–2012

NOTE: Data for 2012 exclude the nearly 253,000 household residents under age 18 who were listed as family reference persons or spouses. Children living in households with no parents present are not shown in this figure but are included in the bases for the percentages. Native parents means that all of the parents the child lives with are native born. Foreign-born means that one or both of the child's parents are foreign born. Anyone with U.S. citizenship at birth is considered native, which includes people born in the United States or in U.S. outlying areas and people born abroad with at least one American parent. Foreign-born children with native parents are included in the native children with native parents category. Prior to 2007, Current Population Survey (CPS) data identified only one parent on the child's record. This meant that a second parent could only be identified if he or she was married to the first parent. In 2007, a second parent identifier was added to the CPS. This permits identification of two coresident parents, even if the parents are not married to each other.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Social and Economic Supplements.

Indicator Fam5: Percentage of children ages 5–17 who speak a language other than English at home and who have difficulty speaking English, selected years 1979–2011
Percentage of children ages 5–17 who speak a language other than English at home and who have difficulty speaking English, selected years 1979–2011

NOTE: Numbers from the 1995 and 1999 Current Population Survey (CPS) may reflect changes in the survey because of newly instituted computer-assisted interviewing techniques and/or because of the change in the population controls to the 1990 Census-based estimates, with adjustments. A break is shown in the lines between 1999 and 2000 because data from 1979 to 1999 come from the CPS, while beginning in 2000 the data come from the American Community Survey (ACS). The questions were the same on the CPS and the ACS questionnaires.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, October (1992, 1995, and 1999) and November (1979 and 1989) Current Population Surveys, and 2000–2011 American Community Survey.

Indicator Fam6: Birth rates for females ages 15–17 by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2011
Birth rates for females ages 15–17 by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2011

NOTE: Data for 2011 are preliminary. Race refers to mother's race. The 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. Although state reporting of birth certificate data is transitioning to comply with the 1997 OMB standard for race and ethnicity statistics, data from states reporting multiple races were bridged to the single-race categories of the 1977 OMB standards for comparability with other states and for trend analysis. Rates for 1980–1989 are not shown for Hispanics; White, non-Hispanics; or Black, non-Hispanics because information on Hispanic origin of the mother was not reported on birth certificates of most states and because population estimates by Hispanic ethnicity for the reporting states were not available. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected and reported separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

SOURCE: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System.

Indicator Fam7: Rate of substantiated maltreatment reports of children ages 0–17 by age, 1998–2011
Rate of substantiated maltreatment reports of children ages 0–17 by age, 1998–2011

NOTE: The count of child victims is based on the number of investigations by Child Protective Services that found the child to be a victim of one or more types of maltreatment. The count of victims is, therefore, a report-based count and a "duplicated count," since an individual child may have been maltreated more than once. The number of states reporting varies from year to year. States vary in their definition of abuse and neglect. Data since 2007 are not directly comparable with prior years as differences may be partially attributed to changes in one state's procedures for determination of maltreatment.

SOURCE: Administration for Children and Families, National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System.

19 Center-based care includes day care centers, nursery schools, preschools, and Head Start programs. Home-based care or other nonrelative care includes family day care providers, babysitters, nannies, friends, neighbors, and other nonrelatives providing care in either the child's or provider's home. Other relatives include siblings and other relatives. Mother care includes care by the mother while she worked. To see trends in individual child care arrangement types, refer to Laughlin, L. (2010). Who's minding the kids? Child care arrangements: Spring 2005/Summer 2006. Current Population Reports, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC, 70–121.