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America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2013

Education Figures

Indicator Ed1: Percentage of children ages 3–5 who were read to 3 or more times in the last week by a family member by mother's education, selected years 1993–2007
Percentage of children ages 3–5 who were read to 3 or more times in the last week by a family member by mother's education, selected years 1993–2007

NOTE: Data are available for 1993, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2001, 2005, and 2007. Estimates are based on children ages 3–5 who have yet to enter kindergarten. Children without mothers in the home are not included in estimates.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Household Education Surveys Program.

Indicator Ed2.A: Average mathematics scale scores for students in grades 4, 8, and 12 selected years 1990–2011
Average mathematics scale scores for students in grades 4, 8, and 12 selected years 1990–2011

NOTE: Data are available for 1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011, although the 2003, 2007, and 2011 assessments only included grades 4 and 8. After 2000, assessment results for grade 12 are not comparable with those from previous assessment years. In the early years of the assessment, testing accommodations (e.g., extended time, small group testing) for children with disabilities and limited-English proficient students were not permitted. In 1996, scores are provided for both the assessments with and without accommodations to show comparability across the assessments.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress.

Indicator Ed2.B: Average mathematics scale scores for students in grade 12 by race and Hispanic origin,102 2005 and 2009
Average mathematics scale scores for students in grade 12 by race and Hispanic origin, 2005 and 2009

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress.

Indicator Ed2.C: Average reading scale scores for students in grades 4, 8, and 12, selected years 1992–2011
Average reading scale scores for students in grades 4, 8, and 12, selected years 1992–2011

NOTE: Data are available for 1992, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, and 2011, although the 2000 assessment only included grade 4, and the 2003, 2007, and 2011 assessments only included grades 4 and 8. In the early years of the assessment, testing accommodations (e.g., extended time, small group testing) for children with disabilities and limited-English proficient students were not permitted. In 1998, scores are provided for both the assessments with and without accommodations to show comparability across the assessments.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress.

Indicator Ed3: Percentage of high school graduates who had completed selected coursework in mathematics, science, and foreign language, selected years 1982–2009
Percentage of high school graduates who had completed selected coursework in mathematics, science, and foreign language, selected years 1982–2009

NOTE: Data reflect only the percentage of graduates who earned credit for each course while in high school and do not count those graduates who took these courses prior to entering high school. "Algebra II" includes courses in which trigonometry or geometry has been combined with algebra II. The percentage for "biology and chemistry" indicates the percentage of graduates who completed at least one credit each in a biology and a chemistry course. The percentage for "biology, chemistry, and physics" indicates the percentage of graduates who had completed at least one course each in a biology, a chemistry, and a physics course. "Foreign language" includes a year 3, year 4, or advanced placement/international baccalaureate/honors course.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, High School Transcript Studies: High School and Beyond Study of 1980 Sophomores, and National Assessment of Educational Progress Transcript Study.

Indicator Ed4: Percentage of young adults ages 18–24 who have completed high school by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2011
Percentage of young adults ages 18–24 who have completed high school by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2011

NOTE: Percentages are based only on those not currently enrolled in high school or a lower education level. Prior to 1992, high school completion was measured by the completion of 4 or more years of high school rather than the actual attainment of a high school diploma or equivalent. For data before 2003, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data for 2003 and later years. Under these standards, persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Those reporting more than one race were classified as "Two or more races." For 2003 and after, when separate reporting was possible, respondents who reported being Asian or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander were combined for continuity purposes. Also, beginning in 2003, those in a given racial category represent those reporting only that race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, School Enrollment Supplement.

Indicator Ed5: Percentage of youth ages 16–19 who are neither enrolled in school nor working by gender and race and Hispanic origin, 1985–2012
Percentage of youth ages 16–19 who are neither enrolled in school nor working by gender and race and Hispanic origin, 1985–2012

NOTE: Data relate to the labor force and enrollment status of persons ages 16–19 in the civilian noninstitutionalized population during an "average" week of the school year. School refers to both high school and college. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey.

Indicator Ed6: Percentage of high school completers who were enrolled in college the October immediately after completing high school by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2011
Percentage of high school completers who were enrolled in college the October immediately after completing high school by race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2011

NOTE: Enrollment in college, as of October of each year, is for individuals ages 16–24 who completed high school during the preceding 12 months. High school completion includes General Educational Development (GED) recipients. Moving averages are used to produce more stable estimates. A 3-year moving average is the average of the estimates for the year prior to the reported year, the reported year, and the following year. For 2011, a 2-year moving average is used, reflecting an average of the 2010 and 2011 estimates. For data before 2003, the 1977 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into one of the following four racial groups: White, Black, American Indian or Alaskan Native, or Asian or Pacific Islander. The revised 1997 OMB standards were used for data for 2003 and later years. Under these standards, persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Included in the total but not shown separately are American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and "Two or more races." Also beginning in 2003, those in a given racial category represent those reporting only that race. Data from 2003 onward are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, School Enrollment Supplement.

102 The 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used. Persons could select one or more of five racial groups: White, Black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander. Included in the total but not shown separately are respondents who selected two or more races. Data from 2005 and 2009 are not directly comparable with data from earlier years. For continuity with earlier race and ethnicity standards, respondents who reported being Asian or Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander were combined. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.