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America's Young Adults: Special Issue, 2014

Education Figures

Indicator Ed1: Percentage distribution of young adults ages 18–24 by gender and highest level of educational attainment, selected years 1980, 1995, and 2013
Percentage distribution of young adults ages 18–24 by gender and highest level of educational attainment, selected years 1980, 1995, and 2013

* Not available.

a Includes equivalency certification in 1995 and 2013.

b In 1980, "Some college" refers to completion of one or more years of college. In 1995 and 2013, the term refers to completion of any college at all.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, March and Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

Indicator Ed2: Enrollment rates of young adults ages 18–24 in degree-granting institutions by gender and race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2012
Enrollment rates of young adults ages 18–24 in degree-granting institutions by gender and race and Hispanic origin, 1980–2012

NOTE: Data are based on sample surveys of the civilian non-institutionalized population. After 2002, data for individual race categories exclude persons identifying as two or more races. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic origin. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey.

Indicator Ed3.A: Average net price of attending college for full-time, full-year undergraduates ages 18–24 by dependency status, academic years 1999–2000, 2003–04, 2007–08, and 2011–12
Average net price of attending college for full-time, full-year undergraduates ages 18–24 by dependency status, academic years 1999–2000, 2003–04, 2007–08, and 2011–12

NOTE: The net price is calculated as the total cost of attendance minus grant aid. Data adjusted to 2011–12 dollars using the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U). Dependent and independent are designations of whether postsecondary students are financially dependent on their parents or financially independent of their parents. Undergraduates are assumed to be dependent unless they meet one of the following criteria: are age 24 or older, are married or have legal dependents other than a spouse, are veterans, are orphans or wards of the court, or provide documentation that they are self-supporting. Between 1999–2000 and 2011–12, between 10 and 11 percent of undergraduates were independent and the remainder were dependent.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Postsecondary Student Aid Study.

Indicator Ed3.B: Percentage of undergraduate students ages 18–24 in their fourth year or above who had ever received federal loans or Parent Loans for Undergraduates (PLUS), and the average cumulative amount borrowed in constant 2011–12 dollars, 1989–90 and 2011–12
Percentage of undergraduate students ages 18–24 in their fourth year or above who had ever received federal loans or Parent Loans for Undergraduates (PLUS), and the average cumulative amount borrowed in constant 2011–12 dollars, 1989–90 and 2011–12

NOTE: Cumulative Stafford loan amounts include federal subsidized and unsubsidized Stafford loans, as well as any Supplemental Loans for Students (SLS) received in prior years. Direct PLUS loans are taken out by parents of dependent students and are used towards the students' undergraduate education. Average loan amounts were calculated only for those who took out a loan or loans, and refer to the specified category only. For 1989–90 data, total borrowed includes loans from family and friends.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Postsecondary Student Aid Study.

Indicator Ed4.A: Percentage of young adults ages 20–24 who were neither enrolled in school nor working by educational attainment, 1990–2013
Percentage of young adults ages 20–24 who were neither enrolled in school nor working by educational attainment, 1990–2013

NOTE: The percentage for associate's degree in 1990 is not available. High school completion includes equivalency credentials, such as the General Educational Development (GED) credential.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, March Supplement and Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

Indicator Ed4.B: Percentage of young adults ages 18–24 who were neither enrolled in school nor working by gender, race and Hispanic origin, and age group, 2013
Percentage of young adults ages 18–24 who were neither enrolled in school nor working by gender, race and Hispanic origin, and age group, 2013

a Includes other racial and Hispanic origin groups not shown separately.

NOTE: In 2013, about 10.6 percent of the young adults who were neither enrolled in school nor working were married with their own children and 16.7 percent were unmarried with their own children. The revised 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards for data on race and ethnicity were used to classify persons into racial groups. Data on race and Hispanic origin are collected separately. Persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, Annual Social and Economic Supplement,